Consultation Guidelines For Hypnotherapy

The initial consultation may well be the most crucial aspect of hypno-psychotherapy, if not all therapies. Everything from the interpersonal dynamic to the eventual success of the intervention has a basis in this first meeting between the client and the therapist. Indeed, the client's decision to remain engaged with the therapeutic process will be determined by factors from this early stage. Despite this, it is not possible, or even desirable, to proscribe the process. As a dynamic, evolving interaction, dependent on the individuals involved and the course the therapy is to take, until the consultation begins to take shape it is unhelpful to try to impose too much structure upon it. This view is expressed by the NCHP, as evidenced by the following;

It is, therefore, not possible, or even desirable, to suggest a blueprint which all should follow. (NCHPa)

With this in mind the following discussion will be concerned with one individual's approach and focus primarily on those features that this author believes are most decisive in fulfilling the aims of a consultation. If it is not wise or helpful to be prescriptive then we can perhaps understand Feltham's (1997) comment,

"the best we can aim for is practitioners who are honest, conscientious, flexible and experienced enough to offer each client suitably individualised counselling."

The goal of the consultation is to provide direction for informing therapeutic intervention. At the most basic level there are certain physical factors that are likely to play a role in a successful consultation. For example, a room that is suitably furnished and offers quiet, comfort and provides confidentiality. The exact details will be dependent on the therapist's style, budget etc and the desires of the client (e.g., temperature, lighting, distance between client and therapist etc).

However, obvious considerations are furniture that is adaptable to a range of positions and for a range of people, which offers a clear view of the client, a room that is welcoming and so forth. Ideally the consultation and treatment would be conducted in two different rooms so that the client associates one location specifically with the hypnotic process.

The next level for consideration is the initial contact between the therapist and client. Here the knowledge and use of basic counselling and communication skills are paramount. The client must feel that s/he is dealing with a professional who is genuinely interested in and accepting of their situation. Thus, greetings (including checking the client's name and any other identificatory information the therapist already has), timeliness and other aspects, which signal respect and focus, must be incorporated into the first moments when the clients make their initial appraisal.

Throughout the process it is important to maintain these high standards, not only because it facilitates open and honest exchanges with the client, but also good communication skills help to engender rapport. Communication skills are for the most part considered to be natural, however recent work within medicine and dentistry has begun to highlight the importance of developing an awareness of what makes communication work (see Lloyd, 1996; Fielding, 1995). The skills that are considered important for clinicians to develop and be flexible with for fruitful consultations are;

i) Clarity of language

ii) Audibility & enunciation

iii) Eye contact

iv) Non-verbal behaviour

v) Empathy

vi) Methods of questioning

vii) Sensitivity of questions

viii) Greeting and identity check

ix) Introduction of self and role

x) Respect of patient's views

xi) Clarification and summarising

xii) Checking understanding and closing

During the hypno-therapeutic consultation the therapist would do well to have had practice in these skills and not rely on their belief that as they are a caring individual, that will naturally make them a good communicator. The NCHP suggest that it is necessary to 'like' the client (NCHPb). There are certain issues with this, for example, a therapist might be more likely to be seen to be collaborating with a client's unhelpful thoughts or behaviours, or there may be complex issues surrounding transference during therapy. Equally it might make certain aspects of therapy more difficult to undergo if one's relationship with a client is based on liking them, rather than respect for them.

It is certainly true that one can like a person without endorsing their beliefs and behaviour however it does make the therapeutic relationship potentially more complicated than necessary. Traux and Carkhuff (1967) suggest that rather than liking the client it is important to communicate empathic understanding, unconditional positive regard and to be 'with' the client.

Although the two previously described issues are important, they are basic to most successful human interaction, i.e., a suitable location and interpersonal skills. Without an awareness of these factors it is unlikely that a therapist will progress with a client to the consultation proper. It is the next step where the therapist's particular skills come to the fore.

The consultation process is concerned with two primary aims; knowing the person and informing the person. The latter is somewhat less involved and aims to ensure that the client has a clear understanding of the therapist, the nature of hypnosis, and the guidelines within which both are framed. Clients need to know that they are dealing with a trained individual, and how that person will work with them.

This means that they should know the therapist's qualifications (and perhaps even a method of checking them, such as a telephone number or web address) and their particular philosophy or approach to therapy. Some clients may have experience of preferred or disliked therapies. The client also needs to be clear about the nature of hypnosis, what it is and what it is not, issues regarding loss of control, revealing secrets, not coming out of a trance etc. It might be useful to send such information to clients when they make their consultation appointment and then review it during the first face-to-face meeting.

Such an approach also allows for more detail to be provided than might be suitable during the first consultation, for example some history of hypnotism, information regarding the therapist's background and training etc). Clients should be made aware of issues surrounding confidentiality, what the limits are, and how they will be protected. The order of presentation of this material is important as people tend to remember the things they have been presented with at the beginning and ends of a session, so the description of hypnosis might best be presented last so that the prospective client has good recall of the details of hypnosis whilst considering whether to come back. It is important to ensure that the client does fully understand this information and again good communication skills will facilitate the process of checking whether this is the case.

Regarding confidentiality, it is my opinion that no sources of information should be contacted (e.g., GPs) without the client's written consent, and no information passed on to others unless (a) the client gives written consent, (b) a court requires it, or (c) information divulged by the client suggests that s/he is planning to harm her/his self or another. At times this might mean that some clients will have to be referred on, or not accepted for treatment if they deny access to information that the therapist believes is necessary, or they cannot accept the guidelines for releasing information.

Assuming that the therapist is now in the company of a seated, comfortable, informed and engaged client it will be possible to begin to get to know the client. It is important that the therapist remembers that there is both a 'client' and a 'concern', and that the two cannot be separated, nor should they be confused. My preferred approach to this stage of a consultation could be termed "unstructured structure". In essence this means that there are certain key elements that must be covered in the consultation, but the exact order and manner in which this will be achieved is determined by the flow of the consultation. It also means that the specifics of the questions are for the purposes of this paper, by definition, vague because they must tie in stylistically and temporally with the client.

Most important is the client's reason for coming for therapy ? and it must involve some description of

i) The concern

ii) The motivation for change

iii) Why now

The way in which the client describes these three factors provides much detail. For example, the description of a presenting concern, and the language used to describe it, gives an indication of how the person understands and relates to the issue. Epicetus, the stoic philosopher, stated that people are disturbed not by things but by the views they take of them and this view is embodied in cognitive approaches (e.g., Beck, 1964).

Although one might not wish to use cognitive therapies, or one may not be trained in them, all therapeutic philosophies share this central concept that at some level, whether conscious or unconscious, it is how we respond to our world that determines our control of ourselves within it. The concepts and terms the client uses may point toward a familiarity with certain therapies, including hypnosis, and these may suggest routes for the therapist so that s/he can use the client's familiarity with these concepts in therapy. That is, the therapist can use the client's already existing 'working model'.

The use of language is central to hypnotherapy because we must find methods that can be easily assimilated by clients, which they can understand and respond to. Communicating at the same 'level' as the client naturally works in will greatly assist this. Responses to motivation for change and 'why now' provide not only extra language information but also insight into how much responsibility the client is taking for change. A person who wants to cease smoking for their own health will be a qualitatively different experience to a client whose partner is badgering them to give up.

Language use and level of responsibility are important because they interact with my philosophical orientation, which is broadly Gestalt. It does not rule out or demand any particular tool, method or philosophical orientation, as these must be determined by the needs and experiences of the client. It does see the therapeutic process as collaborative so that the client appreciates the importance of their active involvement. By being collaborative, therapy will be a transparent, shared process, with a shared agenda and analysis of progress through feedback which the client gradually takes more and more responsibility for through learning self-hypnosis and the use of tapes (where appropriate), and by taking on certain homework tasks e.g., keeping a diary, experimenting with ideas etc.

Having covered these three primary areas it is important to develop a deeper understanding of the client and their concern. This is part of what Palmer and McMahon (1997) have outlined as being the common elements in all assessments.

i) what is the problem

ii) is therapy suitable

iii) is the client suitable (are there contraindications)

iv) what underlies the problem

v) transcultural and gender issues (e.g., differences in verbal and non-verbal behaviour and the recognition that one's own social/cultural biases (e.g., Ridley, 1995) may influence therapeutic decisions etc.).

In essence we are assessing the fit between a therapeutic framework and a client or presenting problem (e.g., Ruddell & Curwen, 1997). These questions cannot be addressed until the therapist understands the client, unless the presenting problem is one that the therapist does not feel competent or inclined to address.

Often people are not fully aware of the range of factors which can influence their desire to change and those which can be obstacles to change. These factors can be internal or external. It is also useful to contextualise the client, so that the therapist can begin to understand what boundaries there may be in the person's life that could assist or detract from therapy.

For example, it is important to be sensitive to any disclosures the client might make regarding previous experiences with therapy, early problems that may or may not be what the client sees as a central part of their current concern (e.g., being a victim of physical or sexual abuse, time with mental health issues etc.). Further this extends the exploration of how the person thinks of themselves and their world. Partly it is important to uncover aspects of the client's personality as there is evidence that compatibility on a variety of personality characteristics is important for the therapeutic relation (e.g., Parloff et al., 1978).

Areas that should be covered here are family and work life, any past, present or continuing problems or difficulties (other than the presenting problem), contacts with other forms of services, and evidence of successes. The issue of contact with previous services contains medical and mental health information so that the therapist is aware of either contraindications for hypnotherapy (e.g., psychotic episodes) or issues that might make certain inductions inadvisable (e.g., asthma). It also includes hypnosis, in case the client has previous experience of hypnosis, whether successful or not. The therapist may be able to discover induction methods that the client is comfortable with, or prefers to avoid, their visualisation capability, IMR etc. If the client has no previous experience then the therapist knows to include specific questions (e.g., favourite 'safe place' etc) and even visualisation exercises.

The final area, successes, is important because the therapist may need access to positive material if the client has issues with self-esteem or if s/he plans to link success with the presenting problem with previous successes. It is also useful for the client to know that that are seen as a person with a range of qualities, rather than with a list of defeats, ailments and issues.

Having covered the specific material related to the presenting problem and hypnosis, and the more general areas relating to the individual's other relevant life experience (and having paid close attention to non-verbal behaviour, language etc) the next step is to focus back to the presenting problem. The therapist needs to know what the precipitating factors are for the thoughts/behaviour that the client wishes to change. Armed with the biographical knowledge, the therapist can supplement the client's descriptions with specific questions relating to events and situations that the client has previously described (e.g., family, work, past failures, past experiences). This provides useful target areas for change. Additionally the therapist needs to explore the consequences that the client sees as coming from their thoughts/behaviour, both positive and negative as this can inform issues related to a client's barriers to change, or extra motivations to succeed.

This approach, precipitating factors, behaviours and consequences is found in many therapeutic approaches and is known as ABC (Activating event, Belief (Behaviour), Consequence, e.g., Ellis, 1977).

Part of ABC is looking at underlying beliefs and thinking errors (e.g., catastrophic thinking, dichotomous thinking) which, as the quote from Epicetus suggested, is believed to be the central area for developing problems that a client might wish to change. The reason why these two themes are important is that they identify where hypnotherapy might be useful and how it would be best targeted. For example, if a client comes in claiming to be shy, and they have the underlying belief that they are unlovable that would suggest one course of action, whereas a similar client with a similar issue, but with the thinking error that to overcome their shyness they needed to be assertive and superior at all times would suggest another. The manifestation of the issue under concern cannot be the depth at which the therapist ceases their exploration.

Once the therapist has to their satisfaction gained enough information so that they can form a picture of the client, albeit at a later date, it might be advisable, time permitting, to give the client the opportunity to experience relaxation or mild hypnosis. Particularly in prospective clients who have a fear of the process this might be the aspect that decides if they will engage in therapy.

With the knowledge gained during the consultation the therapist will know whether imagery can be used, and if so what images should be used or avoided. No therapy should be attempted at this stage. It is important for the client to get a 'feel' for the therapist and to know if they are comfortable with the methods used, the voice etc. On completion of this (if undergone) the issue of the contact should be raised. Initially the contract should offer a 48-hour period during which the client needs to decide if they want to continue with therapy, with the current therapist, under the framework that the therapist works within.

Also, the client will know the costs and recommended number of visits and can make an informed choice regarding financial commitment, payments, failure to attend etc. The contract should re-iterate the confidentiality clauses, and detail what the client is agreeing to, and cancellation policies etc and provide the client with contact details.

The above description makes it very clear that a detailed consultation will be both time consuming and result in the exchange of much information. Sometimes it is not the explicit information alone which is important but reactions, comments, etc and these tiny details do need to be remembered. How should the therapist do this? There are a number of approaches.

Firstly the therapist might decide to rely on memory, and with practice it is possible to develop the ability to use specific points in a consultation to 'hang' other information from, so one remembers a narrative which can later be written down. The alternative is to either take notes or to record the consultation. In the former case there is the issue of attentiveness ? is it possible to fully attend to a client and accurately note down all the detail and nuances of a consultation? In the latter there are issues of privacy ? how comfortable are clients with the idea that their words are being recorded, even with the knowledge that these recordings will be erased later?

Possibly of all the issues within consultation this is the thorniest. As with other aspects it is probably best to be flexible, and know when one cannot rely on memory alone, and know when one must attend absolutely to the client and thus some mechanical means of recording is required. Although clients might be uncomfortable with being recorded it is likely that they will be less upset with that than with a therapist whose head is constantly in a note pad, or who has remembered some important detail of the life story that the client presented at consultation.

Consultation is neither a science nor an art, but a mixture which must be performed on a social tightrope, where the demands of balance co-exist with the cognitive demands of accuracy in an evolving dynamic. In some sense we know what it is, but essentially we need to know how to do it. However, the complexity, which makes it so engaging, also makes it difficult to define. Perhaps a paraphrased and adopted version of Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle is at work here; if you can do a good consultation then you can't know how to describe it, if you know how to describe it you probably can't do it.


Beck, A.T. (1964). Thinking and depression: II. Theory and therapy. Archives of Genreal Psychiatry, 10, 561-571.

Ellis, A. (1977). The basic clinical theory of rational-emotive therapy, in A. Ellis and R. Grieger (Eds.), Handbook of Rational-Emotive Therapy. New York: Springer.

Fielding, R. (1995). Clinical communication skills. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.

Lloyd, M. (1996). Communication skills for medicine. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.

NCHPa (1996). Treatment Schedules. National College of Hypnosis and Psychotherapy, Nelson: UK. p. 1

NCHPb (1996). Treatment Schedules. National College of Hypnosis and Psychotherapy, Nelson: UK. p. 4 Palmer, S. and McMahon, G (1997) (Eds). Client Assessment. London: Sage.

Parloff, M.B., Waskow, I.E., and Wolfe, B.E. (1978). Research on therapist variables in relation to process and outcome, in S.L. Garfield and A.E. Bergin (Eds.), Handbook of Psychotherapy and Behavior Change. "nd Ed., New York: Wiley. pp. 233-282.

Ridley, C.R. (1995). Overcoming unintentional racism in counselling and therapy: A practitioner's guide to intentional intervention. Thousand Oaks, CA.: Sage.

Ruddell, P. and Curwen, B. (1997). What type of help? In S. Palmer and G. McMahon (1997) (Eds). Client Assessment. London: Sage.

Traux, C.B. and Carkhuff, R.R. (1967). Towards effective counselling and psychotherapy: Training and practice. Chicagoe: Aldine.

Simon Duff, Hypnotherapist

In The News:

What Does Alternative Rock Radio Sound Like in the Age of Spotify?  The New York TimesAt ALT 92.3 FM, where they don't say “rock,” it's a mix of millennial oldies and newer, pop-leaning and electronic folk from bands like Bastille and Smith & Thell.
Fast MRIs offer alternative to CT scans for pediatric head injuries  Science DailyResearchers have released a study that shows that a new imaging method 'fast MRI' is effective in identifying traumatic brain injuries in children, and can avoid ...
Scaling back: graduate invents plastic alternative from fish waste  The GuardianAward-winning material looks and feels like plastic but is stronger and can be disposed of as food waste.
Equifax Continues Leadership In Alternative Data With Worldwide Urjanet Partnership  PaymentsJournalThis partnership builds on Equifax's leadership in alternative data, using the Urjanet Utility Data Platform to incorporate consumer-permissioned data...
Regulatory barriers limit state alternative Rx payment models  Healthcare DiveMore states are turning to alternative payment models for prescription drugs in the Medicaid program as they balance increasing drug costs with public health ...
Squeegee Alternative Plan Aims To Get Kids Back In School, Find A Job  CBS BaltimoreBALTIMORE (WJZ) — If you drive through Baltimore- especially during rush hour- you've probably come across kids offering to squeegee your windshield.
New IAF ‘airport’ in Arunachal provides an alternative to walking 157 km  The HinduEastern Command head Lt. Gen. Anil Chauhan inaugurates advanced landing ground at Vijaynagar in Changlang district.
DOE Shuts Down Its Long-Running Alternative Diploma Program  Honolulu Civil BeatAn alternative education program in Hawaii that helped high school dropouts and other young people who withdrew from school obtain a Hawaii adult ...
Mayor Frey introducing alternative to cash bail  KARE11.comMINNEAPOLIS — Minneapolis Mayor Jacob Frey is proposing a new alternative to cash bail in the 2020 city budget. Mayor Frey will unveil the plan Wednesday ...
Malaysian plant-based alternative-pork startup scouting for food technology talent  FoodNavigator-Asia.comA Malaysia plant-based meat startup is looking to recruit as many technologists as it can find as it gears up to launch later this year. Phuture Foods will start off ...
The power of the alternative  FT AdviserSome things just go well together Lennon and McCartney gin and tonic toast and butter.
At Nikola Motor Company, Innovation Drives a Zero-Emission Alternative for Long-Haul Trucking  Electronic DesignGrant Imahara takes an in-depth look at the ideation process, learning how an idea moves from a sudden spark of innovation to a tangible, finished product.
Critics Challenge the Health Benefits of Alternative Meats  Yahoo Finance(Bloomberg) -- First, there were plants. Then came plant-based products, like tempeh, made from fermented soybeans, and veggie burgers, mash-ups of ...
National The pros and cons of each alternative to plastic straws Annie Taylor 10:02 AM  The Denver ChannelThere are several straw alternatives to choose from, including metal, silicone, paper and glass straws. However, each straw comes with pros and cons.
E-cigarettes banned in India! What are alternative smoking devices and what triggered the move  The Financial ExpressE-cigarettes Ban in India: India has the second highest population of smokers and it is a big market for alternative smoking device industry like the manufacturers ...
Gyms lead 'alternative' property investment amid health boom  The ScotsmanHealth and fitness centres are in high demand amid an explosion of low cost gym operators, new research into “alternative” property investment shows.
Pitt Gets Alternative: The Grey Estates, The Alternative and DLTSGDOM! team up for an all-ages blowout  Pittsburgh CurrentThe Pitt Gets Alternative festival takes place at The Mr. Roboto Project, so the festival will be an all-ages event that is free of drugs and alcohol.
Loaded gun found in student's backpack outside of Iowa City alternative high school  KCRGIOWA CITY, Iowa (KCRG) - A loaded gun was found in the possession of a student outside of an alternative high school on Wednesday morning, according to ...
'The Crossing' alternative school opens new space in downtown Elkhart  WSBT-TVIt's been helping students who aren't comfortable in traditional classrooms for more than a decade. "The Crossing" is now at 25 locations around the state.
Windows Defender Application Control: The enterprise alternative to S-Mode  TechRepublicMicrosoft's Windows management tools can lock PCs down to only use trusted software.
A Democratic Alternative to the RSS Can Only Be Cast in Merit Not Dynasty  The CitizenOne thing can be said in Prime Minister Narendra Modi's favor. He has made political dynasts objects of social media sneers and symbols of unmer.
SHAPIRO: The Alternative History Of The United States  The Daily WireLast week, Democrats held their first true presidential debate. With the field winnowed down to 10 candidates — three of them actual contenders for the ...
PBOT to build first ‘alternative pedestrian walkway’ in Cully  BikePortland.orgDon't call it a sidewalk or a bike lane. PedPDX Plan. Action 5.1: Provide Lower Cost Pedestrian Walkways. Portland residents cannot wait another 20 years or ...
Saint Mary's Purcell Game Day events provide alternative activities on game day  Observer OnlineSara Schlecht | Wednesday, September 18, 2019. While many students spend some of their autumn Saturdays at Notre Dame football games, the Office of ...
EU open to replacing Irish backstop with 'operable' alternative  UPI NewsThe EU said Wednesday it's open to a British exit without the key Irish "backstop," as long as Prime Minister Boris Johnson's government presents an alternative ...
Iceland to offer 'plastic-free Christmas' with alternative packaging range  The GrocerThe move echoes Iceland's 'palm oil-free Christmas' campaign of last year.
Minneapolis introduces no-bail alternative  Minnesota Public Radio NewsCity leaders and criminal justice reformers say the traditional cash bail system unfairly punishes people with jail time before they've been convicted by a court.
SCIENCE BEHIND: Alternative Weed Killers WVECAt the Norfolk Botanical Garden, they are working on some chemical alternatives to get rid of those pesky plants.
Now Money offers alternative for Gulf’s unbanked expats  Financial TimesThe Gulf's economy — from oil production to tourism — is underpinned by expatriate workers, the majority of whom are not paid enough to open a regular bank ...
Ether, XRP Rise to 1-Month Highs While Bitcoin Falls  CoinDeskDemand for alternative cryptocurrencies has seen their performance rise over the last 24 hours despite bitcoin's (BTC) failure to take another leg up. It raises the ...
Police test 'Spider-Man' device as alternative to Taser  Gulf NewsLos Angeles: With 49 people killed last year after being shocked by Tasers, police departments across the United States are trying out a "Spider-Man"-like ...
The Alternative History of the United States  TownhallLast week, Democrats held their first true presidential debate. With the field winnowed down to 10 candidates -- three of them actual contenders for the ...
Flow batteries offer low-carbon alternative for South Africa telecoms provider  Energy Storage NewsAustralia-headquartered flow battery manufacturer Redflow is continuing with a strategy of selling devices into the telecoms sector, agreeing a second deal to ...
The Alternative to Ideology  Niskanen CenterWhen we launched the Niskanen Center in January 2015, we happily identified ourselves as libertarians. Sure, we were heterodox libertarians, but there are ...
Google Trusted Contacts is the Android alternative to Find My Friends  Tech AdvisorGoogle has an app which is effectively the equivalent of Find My Friends on an iPhone or iPad that allows you to track the location of family members and friends ...
The Appeal of Alternative Education - Education Next  EducationNextIf your child has been assigned to an alternative school for this year, the student probably needs it. So, celebrate, because your child's chances of getting a high ...
Alternative meat products are not the answer for poorer countries  Financial TimesExcitement about alternative meat and dairy products is exploding. Lab-grown or plant-based, animal-free substitutes are being held up as a panacea to ...
New Program Offers Law School Grads An Alternative Career Path  Above the LawUF Law has partnered with international eDiscovery company Consilio to offer graduates unique opportunities to learn the business of eDiscovery and practice ...
Ditch the VC: Alternative Funding Options for Biotech...  Labiotech.euGetting money for a biotech startup can be a daunting task. Venture capital is not the only -- and not always the best -- option to fund a biotech company.
Sunset Park Councilman Pitches Alternative to Industry City Rezoning Plan  Commercial ObserverWhen Councilman Carlos Menchaca asked the crowd on Monday night at Sunset Park High School in Brooklyn whether the city should rezone Industry City, ...
Alternative meat labelling hits a raw nerve in US cattle states  The Irish TimesRanchers seek ban on using 'meat' to describe plant-derived or lab-grown substitutes.
Alternative Data in Payments Processing: The NextGen Payments Trend Increasing Customer and Retailer Loyalty  insideBIGDATAIn this special guest feature, Gary Read, CEO, discusses how leading payments processors have already discovered the value of web data and are ...
Turning Point USA provides alternative voice on campus  Daily AztecTurning Point USA at San Diego State is one of over 1300 college and high school chapters in the conservative activist network. However, that's where the ...
GOP's alternative to Medicaid expansion moves along in North Carolina House  The Center SquareA bill that broadens state-run health care coverage without expanding Medicaid under the Affordable Health Care Act saw some movement across the House ...
Coming soon: weird but maybe wonderful alternative electric vehicles  TreehuggerBRB introduces a bunch of concept vehicles that look like a lot of fun without fossil fuels.
$100 million Grant for the Web program seeks alternative online business models  VentureBeatCoil's $100 million, five-year Grant for the Web aims to promote sustainable web business models while fostering open source platforms.
Private location offers alternative to gym in Powell River  Powell River PeakLooking to get in shape this fall, but not interested in being subjected to a noisy, intimidating environment to do so? Total Body Training, one of Powell River's ...
Alternative high school graduation pathways improve on Ohio's prior one-size-fits-all approach  cleveland.comRegarding the article in the Sunday, Sept. 8, Plain Dealer regarding graduation rates for high school seniors and the required tests/alternative pathways to ...
LASG to strengthen PHCs, alternative medicine  The PunchDayo Ojerinde. The Lagos State Commissioner for Health, Prof Akin Abayomi has said the present administration in the state will commit more resources to ...
If Biden can’t go the distance, here’s another center-left alternative  The Washington PostThe conversation rages on within the Democratic Party: Is former vice president Joe Biden, currently beating President Trump handily in a face-to-face match-up, ...
Alternative Things To Do During The F1 Singapore Grand Prix 2019 Weekend  Singapore TatlerWatch an aerial dance performance or attend one of the photography exhibitions held this weekend if you're not into the F1 Grand Prix races.
Western Illinois University awarded $10M federal grant for alternative crop use  khqa.comOn Tuesday morning, Agriculture Professor Win Phippen announced that The Western Illinois University School of Agriculture is the recipient of a $10 million ...
11 Healthy Alternatives to Rice  EcoWatchRice is a staple in many people's diets. It's filling, inexpensive, and a great mild-tasting addition to flavorful dishes.However, rice — white rice in particular — may ...
Capital markets offer alternative funding to SMEs  Business DailyThere is a need to educate SMEs on using the securities exchange to access capital.
Alternative therapies at Manor Health and Wellness Centre  GazetteA NEW centre has opened offering alternative therapies to help the body and mind.
No bond for Radford alternative medicine therapist  Roanoke TimesRADFORD — More details of the allegations against an alternative medicine therapist were outlined during a Tuesday court hearing, including that he ...
PG&E Alternative Headed To Pleasanton Residents, Businesses  Pleasanton, CA PatchPG&E Alternative Coming To Pleasanton - Pleasanton, CA - Pleasanton City Council unanimously decided to move forward to join East Bay Community Energy.
Don't politicise the bushfires? The alternative is to sit back while more severe events happen  The GuardianWe're told not to talk about climate change. I suspect this is because we might have to start wondering why we're not doing anything about it.
Possible plastic alternative made from spider silk and wood fibers  New AtlasA new substance is claimed to combine strength and toughness, by mixing wood fibers with spider silk.
Commerce City City Council considers alternatives to exterminating prairie dogs  FOX 31 DenverCOMMERCE CITY, Colo. -- The controversy over a management wildlife plan that would include wiping out a colony of prairie dogs in Commerce City was ...
'My periods were so heavy I couldn't leave the house - so I created an alternative to tampons'  Mirror OnlineEXCLUSIVE: Paige Fashoni decided enough was enough so decided to create her own alternative to tampons, pads or cups - and she's now got a successful ...
Radford alternative medicine therapist, facing 70+ charges including sex crimes, denied bond  Lynchburg News and AdvanceRADFORD — More details of the allegations against an alternative medicine therapist were outlined during a Tuesday court hearing, including that he ...
Laughing gas available as pain management alternative to epidural for moms in labor  WAFBNitrous oxide, described as a less invasive alternative to an epidural, is making a comeback as a pain management alternative during childbirth at Baton Rouge ...
Alternative commuting will be key to coping with Perimeter Center's traffic woes, experts say  Reporter NewspapersPosted by Reporter Newspapers | Sep 17, 2019. Alternative commuting will be key to coping with Perimeter Center's traffic woes, experts say. “Help is coming” ...
Facebook’s Alternative To Absolute WhatsApp Traceability Rejected By Govt  Inc42 MediaFacebook had given government officials an alternative to absolute WhatsApp traceability. However, the government has refused to budge.
Poverty, publicity-seekers and booze: an alternative history of London's art scene  iNewsThe capital's art world has always been wild, but its centuries of cosmopolitanism are what really matter.
Solidarity begins work on its new R4.5 billion alternative Afrikaans school system  BusinessTechTrade union Solidarity has started construction of its new R300 million Sol-Tech Occupational Training College campus.
Package drinking water firms told to find alternatives to plastic bottles in three days  LivemintNEW DELHI : Consumer affairs minister Ram Vilas Paswan on Monday asked producers of packaged drinking water to come up with alternative packaging ...
Inter weigh up January move for Chelsea star as Lukaku alternative  Teamtalk.comChelsea striker Olivier Giroud is one of four names being considered by Inter Milan as they look for a reliable alternative to Romelu Lukaku, according to reports.
We must speak out and defend the left alternative to the EU – Corbynism  Morning Star OnlineBORIS JOHNSON'S visit to Brussels underlines the need for a clear left alternative on the EU. Johnson may indeed get a deal. The EU economy is teetering ...
The alternative guide to Cape Town  CapeTown ETCThere is so much of the Mother City that is worth exploring. Rather than getting caught up in the tourist traps, check out some local, alternative things that will give ...
Dallas ISD set to close alternative school for over-age students  FOX 4 NewsThe district says closing J.L. Patton Junior Academic Center in Oak Cliff is inevitable due to declining enrollment and two years of 'F' ratings from the state.
Newcastle Shutdown: Could the legal route be an alternative?  Newcastle AdvertiserMembers of Newcastle Business Forum (NBF) closed their businesses in solidarity with the coordinators of Friday's shutdown, but feared another day of protests ...
BJP working hard to emerge as first alternative to TRS in Telangana  Business StandardThe Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) counts Telangana as a sunrise state, suffused with the growth potential that West Bengal and Odisha hold. The difference is ...
Matt Ryan is elite and far better than any alternative  Blogging DirtyNo one is making excuses for the start that Matt Ryan has had to the season. Sure the five the touchdowns are great, but the five interceptions leave a lot to be ...
National award win for alternative business lender Fleximize | Suffolk and Essex Business News  East Anglian Daily TimesAlternative finance provider Fleximize won Growth Finance Provider of the Year at the 2019 Growth Finance Awards which were launched this year, Fleximize is ...
Kerala told to pitch for alternative road plan  Times of IndiaWith the Supreme Court suggesting the complete closing down of NH-766 cutting through Bandipur Tiger Reserve after upgrading the alternative road thro.
Meat Alternatives Snacks Market: Intense Competition but High Growth & Extreme Valuation  NewsVarsityIntroduction:- The millennials have been the driving force behind the growth of the meat alternatives snack category. Among the findings, 64% of millennials, ...
Deal: The Best Optus NBN Alternative Is Now Cheaper Than Ever  Lifehacker AustraliaIf you're on the lookout for a new internet plan and can't get good, fast NBN, Optus has a new deal that's well worth considering. For a limited time, you can score ...
Alternative city breaks: Utrecht, the Netherlands – restaurants, culture and nightlife  The GuardianUtrecht's picturesque city centre and traditional cafe culture rub up against its exciting music and art scene – and it's best explored by bike.
Groundbreaking CBD-based alternative: are steroids a necessary evil?  Health EuropaFor over 100 chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, steroids remain the first-line treatment – could STERO Biotechs bring the next CBD-based ...
How Regulations Are Obstructing Alternative Transportation  The Epoch TimesThe world is on the verge of a “transportation revolution” with services like Uber and electric scooters, and with many other alternative forms of transportation on ...
Goodwin: The alternative 'facts' of the Times' Brett Kavanaugh story  New York Post Although some of its usual supporters are among those blasting The New York Times for its slimy hit job on Supreme Court Justice Brett Kavanaugh, the paper is ...
California redwood forest latest alternative burial site  ReutersFor 70-year-old Kathee Pfalmer, who grew up in the shadow of Northern California's towering redwood forests, nothing seemed more appropriate than ...
Plastic alternatives may worsen marine pollution, MPs warn  The GuardianCompostable and biodegradable plastics could add to marine pollution because there is no infrastructure in place to make sure they break down correctly, ...
Govt mulls alternative to `bank guarantee’ for kick-starting stalled road projects  BusinessLineThe government is weighing a plan to remove the bank guarantee clause from road contracts using the engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) model ...
New Biological Targets Could Help Devise Alternative Cancer Therapies  Technology NetworksA team of geneticists with a desire to understand the inner workings of genes implicated in cellular identity has discovered new biological targets that may help ...
10 alternative Thai islands for those who hate crowds  CNNBeen to all of Thailand's island hotspots and now crave some peace and quiet? Here's a look at 10 lovely alternative islands for travelers who hate crowds.
17 Healthy and Delicious Alternatives to Candy  Healthline*Fresh* fruit is naturally sweet and packed with nutrients like fiber, vitamins, and minerals. It may also provide anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties ...
Thasos alternative-data company fires staff, CEO steps down  Business InsiderThis story requires our BI Prime membership. To read the full article, simply click here to claim your deal and get access to all exclusive Business Insider PRIME ...
How the Use of Alternative Medicine Hurts Survival Rates in Patients with Cancer  Cancer NetworkTwo doctors discuss their research on how use of alternative over traditional medicine affects survival rates in patients with cancer and how oncologists can ...
A Comprehensive Intro to Darktable: A Free Lightroom Alternative  PetaPixelAnthony Morganti of recently teamed up with photographer and fellow YouTuber Rico Richardson to produce a comprehensive ...
These $35 rain boots are the perfect alternative to $160 Hunter Chelsea boots  Yahoo StyleLike it or not, rainy days are coming - and that means choosing the right footwear to avoid the dreaded soggy feet that come with wet weather. A reliable pair of ...
Huawei Eyes ProtonMail as It Searches for Gmail Alternative  BloombergProtonMail is in talks with Huawei Technologies Co. about including its encrypted email *service* in future mobile devices, part of the Chinese phone maker's plan ...
Louth TD rejects alternatives to Brexit backstop  The Irish Times'Some ideas are very good' but must work within backstop, says Declan Breathnach.
Premier League gossip: Manchester United's £175m striker plans, Liverpool's Van Dijk alternative  LancsLiveAll the latest gossip from the Premier League is below.
More charges filed against Radford alternative medicine practioner  Roanoke TimesMartin V. Riding, the Radford alternative medicine practitioner charged in June with dozens of counts of performing procedures without a proper license, was ...
Brazil NGOs must search for alternative funds to save the Amazon  Al Jazeera EnglishBolsonaro's policies, deforestation prompt Germany, Norway to halt Amazon Fund support, leaving some NGOs scrambling.
Take the 127-mile Elk Scenic Drive as an elk-spotting alternative to crowded Winslow Hill  PennLive.comDuring the peak of the fall elk rut September into October in the Pennsylvania Elk Range traffic jams and crowded parking areas are the norm on the popular ...
IISER Pune team fabricates a viable alternative to silicon diodes  The HinduThe device shows high electrical conductivity and also high current rectification ratio.

Plantar Warts Treatment - Is There A Natural Medication Which Gets Rid Of Plantar Warts?

Plantar Warts are growths which occur on the bottom of... Read More

Purchasing Essential Oil

Tips on Purchasing Essential OilsIt is important to purchase your... Read More

Quit Smoking

Consider this:Already since 1972, over 60 million people in the... Read More

Ayurveda Approach to Genital Herpes

Dosha theory which help in diagnosis of the diseases.According to... Read More

The 5 Hidden Dangers In Toothpaste

A Must Read if You Have Children!Would you allow your... Read More

Types of Hair Loss Treatment Currently Available

The hair loss treatments outlined here cannot provide definitive cures... Read More

Holistic Lifestyle

Sometimes living that wonderful and beneficial holistic life can sometimes... Read More

Treating Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) Without the Use of Antibiotics

What is a urinary tract infection (UTI)? A Urinary Tract... Read More

The Macrobiotic Approach To Health And Wellness

It may be an ordinary dance studio during the week,... Read More

Will This Years Flu Paralyze The US And Canada?

According to the Associated Press on August 26th, the US... Read More

Aromatherapy - a World of Frangrance

The ancient Egyptians used aromatherapy thousands of years ago. Aromatherapy,... Read More

The Aromatherapy Home Medicine Chest ? Part I: The Essential Oils

Here we will have a brief look at ten essential... Read More

Fish Out Of Water

We measure our world by the limits of our knowledge... Read More

Too Clean?A Critical Look At The Alleged Link Between Asthma and Cleanliness

Americans are ridiculed around the world for our attention to... Read More

Pa-Kua Feng Shui Basics

FENG SHUI BASICSFeng Shui (literally "Wind and Water" in Chinese),... Read More

Natural Prevention & Treatment For The Flu: What Your Doctor May Not Know

Flu can affect 10 to 30 percent of the U.S.... Read More

Detoxification and Your Health: The Bodies 7 Channels of Elimination!

If you want to be healthy you need to understand... Read More

5 Low Cost Ways to Soothe the Sting of Sunburn

Each of us most likely has at least one memory... Read More

Bois De Santal: The Source of Tranquility

The near extinct bois de santal has a sensual and... Read More

Fibromyalgia Pain: How Using Visualizations May Bring You Relief

There are many theories about what causes fibromyalgia. One is... Read More

Urinary Tract Infections Helped with Cranberry Juice

Cranberry Juice is very rich in Antioxidants and Nutrients which... Read More

Cold Laser Therapy: Hope for Arthritis

Having had the rare, first-hand opportunity to observe cold laser... Read More

Bladder Infections

"If you let that fiery wise blood just sit there... Read More

How to Avoid Potentially Harmful Chemicals in Your Area Rugs and Other Home Furnishings

You purchase a beautiful area rug. You know just where... Read More

Evening Primrose Oil Benefits

The evening primrose oil which we use is extracted from... Read More