Introduction to the Medications Used in the Treatment of Attention Deficit Disorder

There are several treatment options available to help improve the symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Since there is no prescription medicine that can "cure" for ADHD, the various medical interventions seek to improve symptoms. The most commonly used medicines are stimulants, such as Ritalin, Dexedrine, Cylert, and ADDerall. Stimulants have been around for about 50 years. Overall, they work very well. Ritalin and Dexedrine are moderately beneficial, or very beneficial, for about 70% to 75% of those who try them.

Stimulants work by increasing both blood flow and the levels of Dopamine in the brain, especially the frontal lobes where the brain's Executive Functions take place. They also increase the inhibitory systems of the brain by enhancing Serotonin and Norepinepherine levels. They do not work by having some mystical "opposite effect" on children.
There is an unbelievable amount of research done on children and Ritalin, less with Dexedrine, ADDerall, and Cylert. We have heard that Ritalin is the most widely studied medication prescribed to children in the world, and we would not dispute that claim. It seems that every doctoral candidate writing his dissertation for psychology does something with Ritalin.

Stimulants, whether Ritalin or the amphetamines such as Dexedrine or ADDerall, all have benefits for children and adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Stimulants will increase the brain's ability to inhibit itself. This allows the brain to focus on the right thing at the right time, and to be less distracted, and less impulsive. Stimulants increase the "signal to noise ratio" in the brain.

They will also increase both gross motor co-ordination and fine motor control. For several years the sales brochure for Ritalin simply had pictures of children's handwriting before Ritalin, and with 10 mg of Ritalin in their system. The changes were dramatic, and physicians wrote a lot of prescriptions for Ritalin. Ritalin may be "over-prescribed" in America, it may not be. But if it is "over-prescribed" it is because it actually works! If it didn't work, sometimes dramatically, it wouldn't be "over-prescribed."

Of course, as with any prescription medication, there are potential side-effects that can be serious. So please consult with your physician and monitor the use of these medications very closely.

Are we great advocates for the use of stimulant medications? We have seen these medications help literally hundreds of our patients, and since we have always asked the physicians that we have worked with to be very conservative in prescribing the medications we have seen very few problems over the past fifteen or more years. However, even with that said, we would prefer that patients at least try the nutritional medicines like Attend and Extress, or EEG Biofeedback training first. However, there is a time and a place for the use of stimulant medications. And we want you to have accurate information about them.

You can get more information on the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, including specific medications, at the ADHD Information Library.

Douglas Cowan, Psy.D., is a family therapist who has been working with ADHD children and their families since 1986. He is the clinical director of the ADHD Information Library's family of seven web sites, including http://www.newideas.net, helping over 350,000 parents and teachers learn more about ADHD each year. Dr. Cowan also serves on the Medical Advisory Board of VAXA International of Tampa, FL., is President of the Board of Directors for KAXL 88.3 FM in central California, and is President of NewIdeas.net Incorporated.

In The News:

Mum praised for sharing photo that sums up the reality of parenting  Metro.co.ukWe know full well that parenting isn't all Pinterest-perfect moments, but it's still reassuring to know you're not alone in the struggle. People are thanking one mum ...
In Praise of Breadth: Why "Range" May Be The Year's Most Important Business-And Parenting-Book  ForbesRange author David Epstein worries our obsession with hyperspecialization has gotten out of hand, in the process obscuring an important counter-narrative that ...
25 Tweets That Capture The Expectation vs. Reality Of Parenting  HuffPostIn the days, months and even years before becoming a parent, many people imagine what it would be like to have children. But the reality of parenthood often ...
5 parenting tips that are backed by data  PBS NewsHourParenting is a uniquely humbling and confounding experience. When new parents confront a new challenge, they often find themselves in a whirlwind of ...
Does data prove conventional beliefs on parenting practices?  PBS NewsHourRaising a child is complicated and potentially confusing, with conflicting advice available everywhere a parent turns. Economist Emily Oster, a mother of two, dug ...
Parenting Tips To Develop Bonding With Children Amidst Busy Schedules  Doctor NDTVParenting tips: It is crucial to express your emotions in front of your child. During the stages of growth, children tend to imitate how their parent behaves and ...
The Supa-Parenting Back to School List  The Good Men ProjectThe list is composed of things Supa-parents do so that they can give their children the best opportunity to be successful.
Modern parenting: How to be the dads our fathers were  The Indian ExpressThink about it, back in the good old days or my father's days, there still was only a small 'window' for togetherness. But through that time window, fathers and ...
Parenting Corner- Motivating children  NewzHookFor the development of children with autism, keeping them motivated is very important. Due to their condition, this may not be an easy thing to do and require ...
Parents reveal what they were not prepared for when raising a child  The Indian ExpressNo matter how well you prepare yourself for parenting, there will be many unexpected situations and challenges that you might have to overcome when raising a ...
9 celebrity mothers share the parenting advice they swear by  VOGUE IndiaYour celebrity parenting guide to everything from stress management to self-care and breast-feeding.
9 parenting tips on raising a child who reads  The News MinuteAs an author who writes for children, I often get asked by parents what they should do to get their child to read. The general complaint across the country ...
Parenthesis: Here are 3 non-negotiable rules of parenting  The Indian ExpressAnd the best part is, most of what you would want your child to do falls under these three rules. It's simple and easy for both your child and you to follow through ...
19 Funny And Earnest Parenting Quotes From Steve Carell  HuffPostThe "Office" star and his wife, Nancy, are parents to Elisabeth and John.
The Funniest Tweets From Parents This Week (Aug. 10-16)  HuffPostKids may say the darndest things, but parents tweet about them in the funniest ways. So, each week we round up the most hilarious 280-character quips from ...
John Rosemond: Lightning round, parenting edition | John Rosemond  Index-JournalShort questions I've been asked of late (mostly by journalists) and proportionately short answers:
Tips for efficient panda parenting: New gentle approach for upbringing children  India TodayPanda Parenting, by definition, is all about allowing kids to make their own decisions so that they can learn on their own. It's also about respecting their ...
Bringing kids to festivals is the worst kind of performance parenting  The Irish TimesJennifer O'Connell: If you thought I was fun before I had kids, the toddler-toting festival-goers brag, see me now!
How Mister Rogers became a timeless oracle of parenting wisdom  The Washington PostHe is best known for what he meant to children. That was, after all, what Fred Rogers's life and career were all about — every song he sang, every puppet he ...
Pointer of Interest: Signing Time instructor offers 'magic parenting tool'  Grosse Pointe News (subscription)Photo courtesy of Melissa Arondoski / Mojo PhotoKonieczki dreams of creating an early childhood comm... An active subscription to the Grosse Pointe News is ...
CHRIS COLLETT: Owens kids a fine example of good parenting, schooling  Cherokee Tribune Ledger NewsIn my opinion, one of the toughest jobs in the world is raising kids. There is no handbook that tells us how to do it.
Watch: 3 important rules to spark learning in kids  The Indian ExpressHow do you encourage learning in kids? It is by allowing them to question, believes high school teacher Ramsey Musallam. Advertising. In a Ted Talk, the ...
Thoughtful Parenting Quotes From Angela Bassett  HuffPostIn her latest film, “Otherhood,” Angela Bassett plays a mother trying to reconnect with her grown son. But offscreen, the actress has at least a few more years ...
What I Learned About Parenting from My Mother's Health Journey  Pulmonary Fibrosis NewsI don't have children yet, but like most people, I learned nearly everything I know about parenting from my parents. I grew up watching them and learning from ...
Meghan King Edmonds Compares Parenting in Real Life to What Is Often Portrayed on Instagram  PEOPLE.com"Some days I feel less like a person and more like a machine," the former Real Housewives of Orange County star wrote on Instagram.
Parenting is hard enough: Here are the worst American cities to raise children  USA TODAYParenting itself is hard enough – residents of these cities have it even harder.
Has Princess Diana Influenced Prince William and Kate Middleton's Parenting Approach?  Showbiz Cheat SheetPrince William and Kate Middleton's hands-on and relaxed parenting style likely has a lot to do with the way Princess Diana raised William.
'My mother disapproves of my parenting style and we end up arguing!'  Times of IndiaQUERY: My mom disapproves of my parenting style and we often enter into a tiff because of that. She is on the stricter side, while I am a lenient parent.
Should I Let My Child Have Play Dates Under the Supervision of Someone in Recovery?  SlateCare and Feeding is Slate's parenting advice column. Have a question for Care and Feeding? Email [email protected] or post it in the Slate Parenting ...
Teen Vogue gonna do its thing, but will parents do parenting?  OneNewsNowA teen magazine known for its outrageous left-wing articles is at it again but a family advocacy group says parents are ultimately responsible for pushing back.
How to adopt positive parenting habits  The Indian ExpressBy Samira Gupta. Advertising. The most challenging task for parents of today's modern world is to acquire a good parenting style. Parents usually follow their ...
Waivers, rules, regulations: What it’s like parenting between two cultural extremes  The Washington PostI grew up in Croatia, where regulations are relatively loose for children's recreation. In my adopted hometown of New York, I spend 10 minutes signing forms ...
Amy Schumer Calls Parenting 'Nuts': 'I Want to Recommend Being a Parent If You Can'  PEOPLE.comAmy Schumer and husband Chris Fischer welcomed son Gene on May 5.
John Marsden on the 'toxic' parenting pandemic: 'I’ve never seen this level of anxiety'  The GuardianThe Australian author and principal says it is becoming more difficult to run a school, with overprotective parents failing their children. Celina Ribeiro. Mon 22 Jul ...
Beth Chapman: How Her Cancer Battle Changed Her Outlook On Parenting Just Before Her Tragic Death  Showbiz Cheat SheetBeth Chapman, known for her role on the popular reality show Dog the Bounty Hunter, died in June at the age of 51. Beth's husband, Duane "Dog" Chapman, ...
Battle Hymn of the #Boymom  JezebelThere are over 8400000 posts on Instagram tagged with the hashtag #boymom. It sits under baby bump photos (“we're one month away from little dude's due ...
Dr. Randy Cale's Terrific Parenting: Change your life with this one idea  Troy RecordI must admit that my to do list inevitably grows larger than hours in my day. I see that a meaningful, active life perhaps demands that. And I see others.
Co Parenting Advice For Divorced Couples Who Have Remarried | Dr Karen Finn  YourTangoIf you're divorced and remarried, co-parenting can be a little challenging, but here's what you need to know about raising the kids right with your ex and their new ...
Parenting Is Bad for Your Face  The New York TimesAcne and other skin conditions can flare up during pregnancy and postpartum. Here's what you can do about them.
Q&A: Gillette Counselor Tomi Barbour Talks About Parenting  County 17Gillette counselor Tomi Barbour helps kids and adolescents with adjustment disorder, substance abuse, and other mental health issues. In a recent sit down, she ...
Positive Parenting: Back to school tips  WMUR ManchesterIt's back to school time again, so get some tips for getting your children ready to head back to class.
14 Sweet Parenting Quotes From Chris Hemsworth  HuffPostThe actor and his wife, Elsa Pataky, have a daughter and twin sons.
5 Vital Parenting Tips All New Dads Should Know  PEOPLE.comStay-at-home dad and critically acclaimed YouTuber Glen Henry shares his most important tips for navigating parenthood.
Your Boss Should Take Full Parental Leave  The New York TimesThis week in NYT Parenting, Alexis Ohanian, the co-founder of Reddit and Initialized Capital, writes about how important parental leave has been for him and his ...
Here's How To Stop Losing Your S**t With Your Kids  HuffPostA new book unlocks the secrets to keeping your cool when they're pushing alllll of your buttons.
Experts Reveal That Parenting Should Not Require A Licence  BabyGagaAnytime you see someone displaying an example of bad parenting, many different thoughts may go through your mind. Why would any parent act like that?
Slate's parenting podcast on the second-kid decision and traveling across Europe.  SlateSlate's parenting podcast on the second-kid dilemma and a teen who wants to ride the rails in Europe.
AI For Parenting: Bengaluru-Based Parentof Raises $1 Mn Seed Funding  Inc42 MediaBengaluru-based AI startup Parentof has raised $1 Mn in a seed funding round led by V Srinivas and other existing investors.
Mum shares photo of what parenting looks like when you have depression  Metro.co.ukWhen you're depressed, even the simplest of tasks can feel impossible. Your energy is sapped, your motivation has gone, and all you can do is just lie down and ...
Why parenting books are rubbish. Confessions of a former ghost writer.  Women's AgendaResearch shows parenting books can be damaging to new parents, adding to mother's stress and heightening their chances of developing post-partum ...
Mario Lopez Apologizes for 'Ignorant and Insensitive' Comments About Parenting Transgender Kids  PEOPLE.comThe TV host came under fire for suggesting parents should wait until a child's "formative years" before making declarations about their gender.
I avoid giving parenting advice – except on infant vaccines  The GuardianEver since Rocky IV I've loved injections… which may be weird but I'll fight any anti-vaccine parent.
No second chance at parenting | Opinion  Gulf NewsOf late there are a whole slew of parenting websites. They contain well-reasoned and well-written articles about the many challenges parents face when ...
The Weird History of Baby Cage, The Oddest Parenting Trend of the ’20s  FatherlyIn the early 1920s, baby cages popped up in space-cramped apartments. The coop-like cages let parents "air" out their babies without leaving their apartments.
Parenting Tips: 15 Apps Parents Should Watch For  KAMR - MyHighPlains.comNow that school is back in session, parents should look out for certain apps that their child might download.
Woman slams friend for letting kids use iPads over dinner  HeartOne person has sparked fierce debate online after asking whether it's acceptable for kids to use their iPads while at the dinner table.
This Is Kylie Jenner's Best Parenting Advice  Refinery29The 22-year-old billionaire has said a lot about parenting her daughter, Stormi. Here's her best wisdom from throughout the years.
The Instagrammers mixing food and parenting  Irish ExaminerHeadline The Instagrammers mixing food and parenting.
Parenting in a digital world: Navigating screen time, apps, and new tech with your kids  WCNC.comJust trying to keep track of this firehose of digital technology is exhausting,” said Stephen Balkam, the founder of the Family Online Safety Institute (FOSI).
9 Things I Learned About Parenting From Comic Books  Book RiotHave a child? Take my advice: read comic books. I've found comic books to be far better parenting guides than actual parenting books. Here are 9 examples.
Parenting Is Overwhelming, Pampers Admits in Sweet New Ads, but We’re All in This Together  AdweekThe P&G brand's latest effort features real parents and the support of 'fellow travelers'.
Author urges ditching the guilt of modern parenting  ThePeterboroughExaminer.comAnn Douglas, a prolific author of parenting books, is inviting the public to a free gathering in September about how parents can ditch the guilt of modern ...
Parenting: Take the focus off happiness  The San Diego Union-TribuneChildren are no different from adults in one critical way; both need to possess a sense of belonging and purpose. While the requisites for that need change over ...
Positive Parenting: Relational Aggression  69News WFMZ-TVWhen you mention aggression in kids, most of us think hitting, shoving, or even hair pulling. Less obvious is relational aggression, teasing or being excluded.
Parenting Center offers options, education to soon-to-be parents  Siuslaw NewsSusan Kirby is PPC's Director and she hopes parents to be will stop in if they have questions or need some other type of support. Aug. 10, 2019 — Pregnancy ...
The Ultimate High-Tech Parenting Hot List  StyleBlueprintThere are so many new products out there promising to help you with your kids. Here's our list of the best high-tech parenting products, apps, and more.
8 Attachment Parenting Myths That Need To Go Away, Finally  RomperAttachment parenting is one approach to raising kids that can easily be misunderstood. While the experience varies widely, this method appears to require ...
Stop blaming our parenting  Sydney Morning HeraldThis past week, the middle class parents of Australia would be excused for feeling besieged. And I only mention the "class", because it has been specified in ...
Why You Should Trust Your Gut, Both in Parenting and Entrepreneurship  EntrepreneurDaina Trout first learned how to brew kombucha at Tufts University where she earned Masters' degrees both in Nutrition and Public Health. After graduation ...
Don't Ignore These Non-Traditional Parenting Milestones  LifehackerWe're sort of conditioned as parents to put a lot of weight into the traditional milestones: The first tooth and the first bite of solid food. First words, first steps, first ...
A frog study may point to where parenting begins in the brain  Science NewsTwo brain regions, including one active in mammal parents, lit up with activity in both male and female poison frogs when caring for their tadpoles.
Parenting Is the Parents’ Job, Not the Government’s  Wall Street JournalIf you parents cannot stop your children from vaping, what makes you think the government can stop them?
Emmerdale's Charley Webb reveals extremely intrusive parenting situation  HELLO!Emmerdale actress Charley Webb has revealed people have been trying to take photos of her newborn baby with Matthew Wolfenden.
Present parenting  Airdrie TodayTwo children in as many days had to be rescued from the waters of Sikome Lake in Calgary over the long weekend, prompting officials to issue a safety reminder ...
Kelly Ripa says 'hold off as long as possible' on giving kids a phone  ABC NewsKelly Ripa warned viewers about how dependent children can become on cell phones.
Serena Williams Gets Her Best Parenting Advice From the Most Reliable Source  Showbiz Cheat SheetSerena Williams gets parenting advice from one place in particular and you can't knock it.
‘British Nanny’ Emma Jenner’s 5 Key Reasons Why Modern-Day Parenting Is in Crisis  The Epoch Times“What I've seen in recent years alarms me,” writes British nanny Emma Jenner. According to her bio, Jenner, of TLC's Take Home Nanny reality TV fame, has ...
Train Your Baby Like a Dog: Petition calls for cancellation of controversial new Channel 4 programme  Independent.ieA petition has been launched calling for the cancellation of a new Channel 4 programme, 'Train Your Baby Like a Dog'.
Jodi Anasta opens up about parenting and exhaustion  9HoneyJodi Anasta is a mum (first and foremost), a model and an actress. She's been a Summer Bay local, made the switch to Ramsey St — where you'll now find her ...
Why I'll never be a parent who makes it look easy  The NationalON Thursday morning, as I watched my resting heart rate climb to 112 beats per minute, I had the sudden realisation that I'd not quite got the hang of this ...
Parenting: Tips To Be Supportive Parents During Exams  Version WeeklyIt is necessary to inculcate efficient work habits in children leading up to the examinations. Breaking the workload in a manner that it can be satisfactorily ...
POPxo plans expansion into parenting, finance and fitness content  Economic TimesBENGALURU: *Content* commerce startup POPxo is planning to build digital communities around parenting, finance, and health and fitness as it looks to expand ...
20 Things That Still Confuse Us About Parenting In Korea  TheTalkoOne nation's particular parenting culture and style has continued to intrigue and even confuse people in the U.S..
Single parenting looks significantly harder in the first images of Netflix's sci-fi drama Raising Dion  The A.V. ClubHaving finally escaped developmental purgatory, Netflix has released the first images of the upcoming Michael B. Jordan-produced sci-fi drama Raising Dion.
20 Parenting Styles We'd Only See From Angelina Jolie  TheTalkoFrom making her kids eat tarantulas to dragging them to conflict zones, Angelina has a unique approach to parenting.
20 Times We Questioned Kris Jenner's Parenting Methods  TheTalkoAlthough Kris has helped her kids start makeup brands and scored them reality shows, she's also done some questionable things.
Surrender control and hold them close: What my daughter’s addiction taught me about parenting  The Washington PostThe day after Christmas, I lay on a padded table, left arm outstretched, ready to allow my skin to be pierced by a needle 80 to 150 times a second while my ...
Fun and games: This is how you level up in parenting  CNAIn this week's Chubby Hubby, Portly Papa column, Aun Koh discusses the importance of learning by heart the names of Disney princesses and getting up to ...
Helicopter parenting is unnecessary, suggests a new study  The Globe and MailIn modern parenting circles, helicopter, lawn mower or attachment parenting has been canonized as the best way to raise children. There are countless books, ...
The 'Baby Shark' school of parenting  ESPNA bold musical choice can pay off for a 10-year-old, too, not to mention his sportswriter dad.
Inspire and Empower Your Children Be More Effective in your Parenting  Santa Clarita GazetteA workshop to help participants with important techniques and skills to inspire and empower yourself and your family is scheduled for the August.
Lifehacker Is Hiring a Parenting Editor  Lifehacker AustraliaDo you have strong opinions on everything from the best method for corralling wayward Legos to how to swaddle a newborn? Do you have revolutionary ideas ...
Controlling the toxic parenting pandemic  The Catholic WeeklyChildren today are so over-protected, regulated and controlled by their parents that they find it hard to deal with the real world. They should be ...
"It's not your fault." The pitfalls of parenting an anxious child  KUOW News and InformationOn the first day of kindergarten, she remembers panicking when her mom, Jennifer Davis, dropped her off and then left. “I'm like, why is she leaving? Somebody ...
Bay Area theater artists share parenting tips — and superpowers  San Francisco ChronicleLauren English (left), Lauren Spencer and Martha Brigham rehearse for Just Theater's “Cry It Out,” produced in association with Custom Made Theatre.
Cut The Crap: She offers encouragement, advice on parenting  Elizabethtown Bladen JournalELIZABETHTOWN — She admits seeing the obvious hasn't always been easy. Denise Priest grew up here, a 1994 graduate of East Bladen High School, and ...
I love children, but my chronic medical conditions might make parenting impossible  The Washington PostNauseated is not how I imagined I'd feel the first time I saw my then-fiance, Sanad, holding a baby. But there I sat — face flushed, head floating — as I watched ...
Advocates say marijuana makes them better parents, but a new study links pot use with more punitive parenting  INSIDERAlthough marijuana is becoming increasingly legal and popular across the U.S. for its relaxation and pain-relief potential, new research suggests cannabis might ...
How The Good Cop/Bad Cop Parenting Dynamic Ruins Marriages  MadameNoireI see the good cop/bad cop parenting dynamic a lot. The other day, I was at the park having a picnic, and a couple with a young toddler was picnicking next to ...
'Let them roam' and other advice on free-range summer parenting  TreehuggerWhen my kids begged for an empty calendar, I was worried about the impact on my job, but a few strategies have kept everything on course.

Encouraging Your Child to Write

How in the world do you get your child to... Read More

Why Scrapbooking Moms are the Secret Weapon in the War on Terror

There is a front line and a back end to... Read More

Summer Marks the Time to Remember Active Supervision Around Family Swimming Pools

LOS ANGELES (May 19, 2005) - With Memorial Day weekend,... Read More

The Scientific Breakthrough That Allows Every Couple To Choose The Gender Of Their Baby

The advances in science over the past century have been... Read More

How Can I Teach My Child To Be Responsible?

Most of us when asked what we want our children... Read More

Parenting Your Teenager: 8 Things You Need to Be Doing

Get into their world. The world that teens are growing... Read More

Parents, Teach Thought-Stopping! Fix Crooked Thinking Caps

Does your child pout, blame and brood? Does he gripe,... Read More

Guilty of Not Following Her Heart

Karen, a single never-married thirty-year old attorney has a four-year... Read More

5 Ways To Help Your Kids Do Math

Uh oh.Your kids arrive home with their school reports and... Read More

How A Home Water Filter Can Reduce Your Child?s Risk Of Learning Disabilities

Lead is one of the most dangerous toxins a person... Read More

How Can I Teach My Child Respect?

A common theme over the past 20 years has been... Read More

When Time Out Dont Work

Joey steps away from his time out chair "I won't... Read More

My Dads Secrets

From the book Spider's Night on the BoomI've only begun... Read More

Sharing Books with Children

One of my first memories of childhood is that of... Read More

Birth of a Parent

So you're pregnant. Congratulations! Your life is about to change... Read More

Crazy Colors Fun Kid Experiment as a Party Activity

Here is an easy, inexpensive and fun kid experiment for... Read More

Just Average

What do you mean average? Not good? Just doing good... Read More

How Kids Learn To Cooperate In Video Games -- A Guide for Parents and Teachers

A great many parents are concerned that the electronic games... Read More

Bedtime and Sleep Habits

Bedtime and children's sleep habits can cause nightmares - for... Read More

Best Tips for Stress Free Child Party Games

When planning a child birthday party, just a little bit... Read More

Understanding A Childs Beliefs, Nuturing Young Beliefs

Children are moral and make moral determinations... at least until... Read More

Top 25 Children Quotations

"You can learn many things from children. How much patience... Read More

A Man and His Baby

When a couple steps forth with a baby in tow... Read More

Kids Party Etiquette for Parents

Ever feel like you're out of the loop when it... Read More

How to Cope With Colic

When my oldest daughter was born, I walked the floor... Read More