Three Theories

An event occurs, then there must be an antecedent event, prior to it, causing it and this event will serve as an antecedent to another event and will lead it, if this theory is agreed means then there must be a starting or beginning for everything. This theory is called "theory of causal determinism". Now let us consider an event A, is said to occur, then two type or arguments can be posted one is called 'Fatalism' and other is called 'Free will'.

The former concept is that whatever happens now, happened by, and going to happen in future is predetermined. Fatalism is the view that we are powerless to do anything other that what we actually do. It may be argued for in various ways: by appeal to logical laws and metaphysical necessities; by appeal to the existence and nature of God; by appeal to causal determinism.

When argued for in the first way, it is commonly called "Logical fatalism" when argued for in the second way, it is commonly called "Theological fatalism". When argued for in the third way it is not now commonly referred to as "fatalism" at all, and such arguments will not be discussed here.

The later concept is of Free will, is postulates that whatever happens are merely because of freewill, whatever he/she thinks he carries out and the corresponding consequences he faces. Free will is a concept in traditional philosophy used to refer to the belief that human behavior is not absolutely determined by external causes, but is the result of choices made by an act of will by the agent. Such choices are themselves not determined by external causes, but are determined by the motives and intentions of the agent, which themselves are not absolutely determined by external causes.

Sphere of discussion:

In essence, the sphere of discussion covering the subject human freedom and causal determinism has two poles. At the one is the idea that our will is 'completely free' in essence, though it may be 'conditioned' by the various different circumstances surrounding each person. At the other pole are the extreme doctrines of total fatalism or unalterable causal determinism. Other relevant standpoints fall somewhere between these 'polar extremes'.

Most thinkers in the social, historical and political sciences are found well away from the poles, as are those who contribute to some form of ordinary common sense, especially in modern and more Westernized cultures.

Fatalism:

Now let us take the side of "Fatalism". By 'fate', I mean what the Greeks call heimarmenê ? an ordering and sequence of causes, since it is the connexion of cause to cause which out of itself produces anything. It says all actions, deeds, and their results are predetermined, prewritten. If it is so then a question may arise, why all these then? why these things should happen, what is the fruit of it?. These questions remain unanswered by these people, some theologist answer these but those were not up to the desired. This type of argument is called "lazy-argument", and 'If we gave in to it,' 'we would do nothing whatever in life.'

There are two sorts of people in this side, theist and atheist. Let me put forth a question to the theist people "Every individual during his life course does action good or bad, sometimes he stays passive, if at all, it is fate then why it is he ordered or written to do a bad thing, then why should he suffer, why supreme power did him so?". No response for this from them. Now for atheist people, they say "for everything, it is like this that is all no reason for this and no one had made this like this. The argument is posed as follows: 'If it is your fate to recover from this illness, you will recover, regardless of whether or not you call the doctor. Likewise, if it is your fate not to recover from this illness, you will not recover, regardless of whether or not you call the doctor. And one or the other is your fate. Therefore it is pointless to call the doctor'. Is that right? By considering these things it is clear that "the concept of Fatalism is ruled out"

Free-will:

The second dogma is that Free will, it states that "all actions deeds & outcomes are due to free will of every individual, nothing is pre determined", and as an individual he moves according to his own will and everything is the result of his actions. Ok let me go in their way, if it is so then why should humans suffer, then why is his actions confined, why is he not opened to everything, why he is suffering most of the time, by nature no one wishes for sorrow or disasters, then why all bad happens to him. An answer can be quoted for this; it is because he is ignorant to good and bad, then what causes that ignorance, if everything is because of free will then why can't that ignorance be evacuated.

The second drawback of this concept is that "if everything is free will, then why some things remain unalterable? Why certain things are beyond his control, if so then what the line of separation is, where things go beyond control, what causes it. No answer is found yet. We can see immediately that this option is unhelpful and probably rather silly.

Co-Fated events:

Ok, if we rule out both extremes what is going on actually, if not fatalism or free will then what? Here comes the answer, all these can be categorized under Co-Fated events. By Co-Fated events what I mean is "no action is completely due to free will or due to fate, but both these giants have a hand". Now for the example quoted initially of the doctor, we can say that, Some events are complex and 'co-fated'. It is false that you will recover from the illness whether or not you call the doctor, because you're calling the doctor, and having some treatment, may be the reason why you recover. Calling the doctor, and recovering, is 'co-fated'. So, to take action certainly can be effective ? you're calling the doctor resulting in your recovery. So we should not simply sit and watch. This is the most apt argument of life.

Though seeing this doesn't to any degree undermine the fatalist's position, for just as your recovering was fated (if only you had known it), so was your calling the doctor! This might be how it happened, all right, but if the event of your calling the doctor was caused by prior circumstances (as all events are, according to the theory of causal determinism) then in what sense could you be considered to exercise your free will?

I have read a wonderful example explaining this context; this is quoted by CHRYSIPPUS (Cicero, On fate 42?3 = Long and Sedley 1987, 62C 8?9; Aulus Gellius, Attic nights 7.2.11 = Long and Sedley 1987, 62D 4).if it is added here would surely help in easy understanding, so am adapting it here.

It goes with rolling of a cylinder; he says that there are two distinct types of cause working here. One is our pushing the cylinder to make it move; this is the 'auxiliary and proximate cause' ? we can call it the 'external cause'. And the other is the cylinder's being round; this is the 'complete and primary cause' ? which we can call the 'internal cause'. We may be inclined to object that the being round is not really a cause. It is a property that the cylinder has, as would be its redness and heaviness, just in case it is red and heavy. The color and weight of the cylinder have no bearing on its rolling ? a blue, light cylinder rolls just as well ? its roundness does have a bearing on its rolling: if it weren't round, it wouldn't roll. We would say that the roundness was a necessary condition for the cylinder's rolling, just as the pushing of the cylinder was also necessary: no push, no rolling. But together both the roundness and the pushing were sufficient for the rolling.

Chrysippus wants us to note that both the external cause and the internal cause themselves had causes properly located in the causal nexus comprising the entire history of the world. The external cause of the push was itself caused by our foot swinging to meet the cylinder, and the internal cause of the cylinder's roundness was caused by the manufacturing process that made it. And we may suppose that the rolling will itself cause something else to happen, such as the knocking over of a sheep, or a splash in the stream, or both. In short, nothing has happened which violates the theory of causal determinism. I think the above example would have certainly cleared everything, for this same concept I would like to quote my example. (Note: this is based on theism and for atheist I have a separate thing let me not put that here).before going into the example, by this time you would be clear that god has predetermined certain things and the rest remains in our hands, to be more clear I add the example here "the 'fate' is that you have to travel in a particular road, the lane you choose in that road is your 'free will', you may choose a smooth lane, or a thorny one. Depending on what you chose you will be given the results and that implies your good and bad deeds." now a question may be raised if not everything is free will, or fate, but a complex of both, then where is the boundary that separates the duo. For that the above example will stand for. Thus even though deity has given us power and will, we are limited with our powers, with that power circle we can act according to our free will and that decides all. So it is clear that whatever happens now, happened by, and going to happen in future is 'co-fated' and doesn't falls in either of the two poles.

In this area I have just given a brief introduction and description of what is what and why it is and why it is not. It is just a succinct picture depicted about different notions.

Bala Arjun

In The News:

On Failing to be a Philosopher | Issue 131  Philosophy NowThere are many ways of failing to be a philosopher. The most efficient is not to bother being a philosopher in the first place. It is the strategy of choice for the vast ...
Duke to Recognize Inaugural Philosophy of Physics Award Winner During Workshop  Duke TodayA new award celebrating excellence in philosophy of physics will be presented during a free, two-day campus event where the winner will be the featured ...
Confronting Philosophy’s Anti-Semitism  The New York TimesShould we continue to teach thinkers like Kant, Voltaire and Hume without mention of the harmful prejudices they helped legitimize?
Why we need a new philosophy of sex  IOLA number of years ago, I found myself at a public sex beach in southern France for research purposes. Unsurprisingly, I experienced some ethical dilemmas.
Anita Silvers, an SF State philosophy professor and advocate for the disabled, dies at 78  San Francisco ChronicleAnita Silvers, a San Francisco State philosophy professor, author and a force in making life more accessible for disabled people, died this month at age 78.
A Philosophy of Food as Medicine  The Wall Street Journal“Let food be your medicine,” said the ancient Greek physician Hippocrates in the 4th century B.C. But he probably didn't envisage a world in which people would ...
Is Philosophy Still The Friend Of Wisdom? | Issue 131  Philosophy NowIf becoming wise involves making effective choices that lead to a morally improved life, it should then follow that philosophy – that rational search for wisdom ...
Why philosophy is practical  The Manila TimesTIME was when no college student could reasonably hope to graduate who did not complete at least three subjects in philosophy, among which was the.
Karl Marx: Man & Mind | Issue 131  Philosophy NowMatt Qvortrup argues that Marx still inspires those longing for a better world.
The Contemporary Women Philosophers You Should Know About  IAI NewsDonna Haraway, Rebecca Goldstein and more on the women philosophers you should read.
Philosophers and neuroscientists join forces to see whether science can solve the mystery of free will  Science MagazinePhilosophers have spent millennia debating whether we have free will, without reaching a conclusive answer. Neuroscientists optimistically entered the field in ...
Next to Stacey Abrams, Biden’s philosophy looks flawed and dated  The Washington PostWhen you're running in a presidential primary against 75 other candidates, you have to do something to stand out. So likely presidential candidate Joe Biden, ...
Why Hannah Arendt is the philosopher for now  New StatesmanArendt's political philosophy, formed under Nazi persecution, is having a resurgence in our troubled age.
Question Marx | Issue 131  Philosophy NowWe want Philosophy Now to be well read; but do we want it to be, well, red? Indeed, why be interested in Marx after 'the end of history' – as Francis Fukuyama ...
How One Mother's Beauty Philosophy Became a Powerful Family Bond  TownandCountrymag.comIf there's one thing sure to divide generations of women, it's beauty. What works for a 34-year-old rarely works for a 62-year-old, too; styles change over time just ...
In the Face of the Present Danger: Marx & Philosophy reviews “The Syriza Wave”  Monthly ReviewThe book by the philosopher Helena Sheehan follows by and large the typical structure of Greek tragedy. Sheehan analyses the five key years (from 2012 to ...
Technocracy replaces philosophy  The Japan TimesIn much of Asia, the left-right ideological struggle is over and it is technocracy and technology that now reign supreme.
MIT's Kieran Setiya, Author of Midlife: A Philosophical Guide, to Deliver New York Institute of Philosophy's Biennial Lecture: “Public Philosophy”—April 5  NYU NewsKieran Setiya, a professor of philosophy at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, will deliver the 2019 New York Institute of Philosophy Biennial Lecture, ...
Eastern philosophy books: 7 essential reads  Big ThinkAncient eastern philosophy unravels the Tao, Zen and other holistic ways of thinking about the self and the universe. These are the best eastern philosophy ...
Einstein got it – philosophy and science do go hand in hand  The GuardianShame on those scientists who are unwilling to embrace the importance of philosophers.
OPINION: Engage, don’t exclude controversial philosopher  TheChronicleHerald.caANDREW FENTON Re: “Controversial academic/Halifax appearance raises ire” (March 20 story). There is a growing call to have Princeton philosophy professor ...
Socratic Wisdom & The Knowledge of Children | Issue 131  Philosophy NowReading Plato's dialogues always left me thinking that in the end one could never fully know or describe the nature of the concepts their star Socrates and his ...
What is Panspiritism? | Issue 131  Philosophy NowIn case you haven't noticed, a theory called panpsychism is undergoing something of a resurgence in the philosophy of mind. [See PN Issue 121. Ed.] As ...
Seminoles' "win by committee" philosophy paying dividends  WCTVAll season long, Florida State head coach Leonard Hamilton has talked about his team's quality of depth. FSU infamously doesn't have a 'starting rotation,' and ...
In Aristotle's Garden, NY Professor Finds Philosophy, Too  The National HeraldATHENS – As he perused the ancient site of Aristotle's Lyceum, opened to the public only in 2014 after being excavated in 1996, Simon Critchley, an English ...
Philosopher Mary Warnock dies aged 94 | Books  The GuardianThe philosopher Mary Warnock, whose work laid the foundations for special needs education and for the regulation of fertility treatments, has died aged 94.
News: April/May 2019 | Issue 131  Philosophy NowWord frequency reveals morality's tides • Marx's tomb vandalised • Black holes evade conceptual capture — News reports by Anja Steinbauer.
Anita Silvers, an Authority on Disability Rights, Dies at 78  The New York TimesAnita Silvers, a philosophy professor who was a leading voice in the interpretation of the Americans With Disabilities Act, arguing that disability rights should be ...
Why Buddhism Is True by Robert Wright | Issue 131  Philosophy NowRobert Wright's book, Why Buddhism Is True: The Science And Philosophy Of Meditation And Enlightenment (2017) is part of the 'Secular Buddhist' movement ...
Chris Ballard breaks down Colts' free agency philosophy, recent visits  Indianapolis StarIndianapolis has now moved on to the back end of free agency, searching for value plays among the players still available.
Logos by Raymond Tallis | Issue 131  Philosophy NowWe seek purpose and enlightenment as Stephen Anderson attempts to understand Raymond Tallis's attempt to understand our understanding of the world.
Letters: No shortage of ‘traitor knaves’ as Brexiteers ignore Burns’ philosophy  The ScotsmanNobody seems to have noticed how the whole philosophy of Brexit runs completely contrary to that of our most famous poet, who in one of his masterpieces ...
Latest breaking news NZ  Stuff.co.nzKarl Popper in 1992. While in Christchurch, he wrote "The Open Society and its Enemies", one of the most influential books of the 20th century and a defence of ...
RG Collingwood (1889-1943) | Issue 131  Philosophy NowRobin George Collingwood was once described as 'the best-known neglected thinker of our time'. His father was an archaeologist and an artist, and these two ...
Visiting assistant professor of philosophy signs book contract with Oxford University Press  Marquette WireMelissa Shew, visiting assistant professor of philosophy at Marquette University, signed a book contract Feb. 10 with Oxford University Press for her book ...
Philosophy isn't just about life's big questions, it can help solve everyday dilemmas  ABC NewsGot a hairy question? Philosopher Matt Beard is here for people who want to go a bit deeper in the matters of morality, decision-making and philosophy.
A Night of Philosophy and Ideas  Yale Daily NewsIt was 11 p.m. on a Saturday night, and I was sitting in the basement of the Brooklyn Public Library watching a Karl Marx puppet rap about the dangers of artificial ...
Reading, writing, and…Rousseau? Why Philosophy 101 starts young in France  The Christian Science MonitorThe idea that philosophy is a suitable subject for children is a hard sell. But in France, where educators recognize the value of helping children understand a ...
Why I Created TOS-Con: Philosophy for Freedom and Flourishing  The Objective StandardMy life was a mess. Granted, I had lots of friends, a girlfriend, a job, a college education, and some hobbies. But my life lacked purpose. It lacked meaning. And I ...
Popper on Marx on History | Issue 131  Philosophy NowChris Christensen considers a clash of two colossal Karls.
Thomas Kuhn (1922-1996) | Issue 131  Philosophy NowIn 1962 Thomas Kuhn published a book from which the philosophy of science has not yet recovered, and probably never will. Before this book it was generally ...
Why philosophy? The road is hard but, in the end, the rewards are generous  Hong Kong Free Press[Sponsored] By Dan Yip. “Philosophy is boring and hard to understand”. How many times have we heard this dismissal? It seems every time I carelessly mention ...
The Philosophy of Creative Writing  lareviewofbooksJoseph Darda explores the confluence of new humanist philosophy and the rise of the creative writing MFA.
What is it Like to be a Dragonfly? | Issue 131  Philosophy NowDo our senses give us an accurate idea of the way the world is? Every day we're confronted by masses of data about the world: sounds, smells, shapes, hues, ...
The Other Side of the Coins | Issue 131  Philosophy NowPeter Adamson on the philosophical edge of numismatics.
Coaching > talent? Vikings' 2019 philosophy takes a different turn  Star TribuneLess than a week into free agency, the Vikings' philosophy for 2019 has taken shape. Namely: They're going to go with (and pay) the guys with whom they've ...
Marx & Nietzsche | Issue 131  Philosophy NowAlthough neither of them actually lived in it, Marx and Nietzsche were among the most important thinkers for the Twentieth Century. Their influence on its minds ...
As clock nears midnight, students get philosophical  UChicago NewsAgnes Callard didn't know how many students would show. Nearly two years ago, the University of Chicago philosopher booked a free room in the basement of ...
Socrates in love: how the ideas of this woman are at the root of Western philosophy  The Conversation - UKWhere did Socrates, the foundational figure of Western philosophy, get the inspiration for his original ideas about truth, love, justice, courage and knowledge?
Overstock to revert to "philosophy of profitability"  Seeking AlphaOverstock.com (OSTK) sinks 5.4% in premarket trading after CEO and Founder Patrick M. Byrne says the company's retail arm lost money in FY2018 because he ...
Free speech: is it actually a good thing?  Vox.comI don't consider myself an absolutist about anything — except for free speech. The value of free expression seems so fundamental to me that it hardly needs a ...
Virtual philosophy lovers create their own oasis  Prishtina InsightKosovars weary of sterile and endless political debates can now tune into a very different sort of discussion at Prishtina's Center for Philosophy and Art – which ...
Moore '21 on Writing a Philosophy Book  The Bates StudentOn any given summer night at roughly 1:00 in the morning, you are apt to find Shane Moore '21 at the Portland Denny's typing furiously on his computer.
Philosophy Of The Dead : A Romero Retrospect 03/22 by Death By DVD | Movies  BlogTalkRadioOn this episode of Death By DVD we examine the themes of George A Romero. Known mostly for making zombie movies, Romero was an artist with an ...
Against Stupidity in the Media | Issue 131  Philosophy NowAngela Phillips is the winner of Philosophy Now's 2019 Award for Contributions in the Fight Against Stupidity. She gave this acceptance talk at Conway Hall in ...
MAHE Dept to offer Master’s course in philosophical appreciation of art forms  BusinessLineThe Gandhian Centre for Philosophical Arts and Sciences (GCPAS), a constituent department of Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), will offer a ...
Conroy organizes philosophy of physics workshop at Dartmouth  Morehead State University NewsMSU faculty excel inside and outside the classroom whether they are giving one-on-one instruction to their students, conducting research or participating in ...
Cusack: Davy philosophy 'built on very sound logic'  RTE.ieRTÉ hurling analyst Donal Óg Cusack believes that Davy Fitzgerald is a huge asset to the GAA and says his hurling philosophy is built on sound logic.
Religion, Philosophy, and Land Rights, by Mike O'Mara  Progress.orgReligion, philosophy, and economics can each arrive at the view that there are two basic kinds of property that need to be treated differently.
'Becoming a Philosopher'  Connect2 OWUDELAWARE, Ohio – Bernard Murchland, Ph.D., a retired philosophy professor at Ohio Wesleyan University, is the author of a new book titled “Becoming a ...
IST professor authors three book forewords for world-renowned philosopher  Penn State NewsFrank Ritter, professor in the College of Information Sciences and Technology, has written three forewords for a recently published trilogy of books authored by ...
Joint CS and Philosophy Initiative, Embedded EthiCS, Triples in Size to 12 Courses | News  Harvard CrimsonEmbedded EthiCS — an interdisciplinary initiative between the Computer Science and Philosophy departments — has expanded to a dozen courses in the ...
Was Thomas Kuhn Evil?  Scientific AmericanIn 1972 Thomas Kuhn hurled an ashtray at Errol Morris. Already renowned for The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, published a decade earlier, Kuhn was at ...
Meet one of Japan's greatest modern philosophers in 'Nishida Kitaro: The Man and His Thought'  The Japan TimesFirst published in Japanese in 1985, "Nishida Kitaro: The Man and His Thought" brings together diverse essays about both Nishida and his philosophy of ...
Why Science Fiction Fans Are Left-Wing - Freedom Philosophy  Being LibertarianScience Fiction appeals to the left, but why? Brandon Kirby explains the reasoning behind this in this week's Freedom Philosophy.
Why is Bernard-Henri Lévy a public intellectual?  QuartzBefore I picked up Bernard-Henri Lévy's latest book, The Empire and the Five Kings, all I knew of him is that he's a “public intellectual.” This phrase is used in ...
A New Twist on Old Ideas | Issue 131  Philosophy NowLucian Lupescu sees how far Kant's and Marx's ideals overlap.
Visiting professor presents philosophical argument for universal love  The Brown Daily HeraldAlthough the command to “love your neighbor as yourself” is often considered impractical, Meghan Sullivan, a professor of philosophy at the University of Notre ...
Philosophical divide seen in ag policy making  Western ProducerThe issue of royalties on farm-saved seed has given new life to the National Farmers Union. For many years, the NFU has been largely invisible in farm policy ...
Prof. Carole Hillenbrand CBE - Al-Ghazâlî and Philosophy  The LincolniteCarole Hillenbrand CBE is Emerita Professor of Islamic History at the University of Edinburgh and Professor of Islamic History at the University of St Andrews.
Philosopher: AI Can Never Create True Art  FuturismSean Dorrance Kelly, philosophy professor at Harvard, argues that artificial intelligence can never achieve true human creativity.
Change in ownership, but not in philosophy: Ryan Okerlund assumes...  Bemidji PioneerBEMIDJI—Downtown Bemidji's oldest pharmacy remains locally owned with the recent sale of Iverson Corner Drug. Ryan Okerlund, a Bemidji native, has ...
How Taoist philosophy deals with the concept of anxiety  Big ThinkTaoist philosophy and being "in the now" are all ways to curb and temper anxiety and depression. These Eastern religions offer us a renewed way to view to the ...
BX: Cincinnati Bengals free agency stance about philosophy, not money  Cincinnati.comBengals Xtra explains how the Bengals approach free agency and what that looks like with the rest of the NFL.
Physics and philosophy at play  VarsityAt a panel earlier this month, undergraduates in the joint specialist Physics and Philosophy program at U of T posed philosophical questions arising from ...
Worcester Polytechnic Institute Humanities & Arts Professor Awarded Fulbright Scholarship  WPI NewsJennifer McWeeny, associate professor of Humanities & Arts at Worcester Polytechnic Institute, was awarded a prestigious Fulbright U.S. Scholar Award to ...
Rescuing Cynic Philosophy from Right-Wing Trolls - Frontpage  E-FluxIn Logic magazine, John Durham Peters reflects on how the Cynic philosophical tradition has been appropriated and distorted by right-wing trolls.
Transform education philosophy, urges Mitchell | News  Jamaica GleanerMore than 55 years after achieving political Independence from Britain, Jamaica's education and national-development strategies remain grounded in a ...
Were the foundations of Western philosophy laid by a woman who Socrates was in love with?  Scroll.inWhere did Socrates, the foundational figure of Western philosophy, get the inspiration for his original ideas about truth, love, justice, courage and knowledge?
WATCH: Kirby Smart sheds light on James Coley ‘balanced’ offense philosophy  DawgNationGeorgia football coach Kirby Smart says the Bulldogs will always run the ball, but with new OC James Coley 'balance' doesn't mean 50-50 run-pass ratio.
Philosopher of the Month: Plato [infographic]  OUPblogThis February, the OUP Philosophy team honours Plato (c. 427–347 BCE) as their Philosopher of the Month. Together with Socrates and Aristotle, Plato is ...
A philosopher argues that an AI can’t be an artist  MIT Technology ReviewCreativity is, and always will be, a human endeavor.
African music gaining in popularity  CGTN AmericaAfrican music has been influencing Western music for generations. Now, a new wave of musicians are becoming huge stars in their own countries, partly due to ...
Lore Reasons: We Answer Your Philosophical Questions About Kingdom Hearts  VICESeven weeks ago, we at Waypoint set out on a journey to untangle the lore of Kingdom Hearts. Partially, this was for our listeners who trust our expertise in all ...
FC Dallas seeing results after philosophy change under Luchi Gonzalez  Pro Soccer USAFRISCO, Texas — When new FC Dallas coach Luchi Gonzalez took the job in December, he came in with many new ideologies. Rondos were emphasized.
Happiness is watching a brawl between iconoclastic philosophers  The EconomistTHE COMBATANTS are world famous, with legions of supporters. The venue, on April 19th, is Toronto's Sony Centre, which seats over 3000 people. Tickets sell ...
9 ways thinking like a philosopher will make you wiser  LaddersCertainty is the enemy of wisdom. The 'right answer' is a stop, not the final destination. Seeking wisdom is a never-ending journey. Getty Images. How often do ...
NY professor finds philosophy in ancient Garden of Aristotle in Athens | TornosNews.gr  Tornos News International EditionATHENS – As he perused the ancient site of Aristotle's Lyceum, opened to the public only in 2014 after being excavated in 1996, Simon Critchley, an English ...
Kia Motors' new campaign “Magical inspirations” boosts brand philosophy  ETBrandEquity.comKia Motors, the world's 8th largest auto manufacturer, today launched its first brand campaign for India, to introduce the brand in the country and further ...
Philosophy: The Forgotten Framework  71 RepublicPhilosophy is one of the most overlooked aspects of intellectual speech. It is intimately involved in nearly all aspects of your life.
Football managers: What are their job interviews really like?  BBC SportEver wondered what actually goes on in a manager's interview? BBC Sport takes a look inside the boardroom...
The Humanities and the Future  Scientific AmericanThe humanities are often preoccupied with thinkers of the past, such as the ancient Greek philosophers Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. But most of the humans ...
Stajcic brings 'new philosophy' and positivity to Mariners  The World GameA-League finals-chasing Newcastle are wary of a last-placed Central Coast Mariners side already enjoying positive vibes since the appointment of caretaker ...
Philosophy di Lorenzo Serafini Fall 2019 Ready-to-Wear Fashion Show  Vogue.comPhilosophy di Lorenzo Serafini Fall 2019 Ready-to-Wear collection, runway looks, beauty, models, and reviews.
Philosophy di Lorenzo Serafini RTW Fall 2019  WWDIt's about my memories of when I fell in love with this job looking at fabulous girls like Kate Moss and Christy Turlington."
news Maalouf Shares Philosophy on Aggressive, Situational-Minded Special Teams  Vikings.comEAGAN, Minn. – Vikings Special Teams Coordinator Marwan Maalouf believes an aggressive mindset and knowledge of in-game situations are key to the ...
Linda Akeson McGurk explains her Scandinavian parenting philosophy  WGN TV ChicagoLinda Akeson McGurk talks about her new book "There's No Such Thing as Bad Weather" and explains her Scandinavian parenting philosophy and the ...
Plan lays out new philosophy, definition of success in District 44  Chicago Daily HeraldNow in draft form, the Connect 44 plan in Lombard Elementary District 44 spells out a new philosophy and a focus on defining success by measures other than ...
CAF Confederation Cup Oktay hails Ze Maria philosophy at Gor Mahia; takes a jibe at Kerr  FutaaGor Mahia head coach Hassan Oktay has hailed the foundation laid at the club by former coach Marcelo Ze Maria. Ze Maria left the club for Albania's KF Tirana ...
Spirituality stands for evolution & elevation  Times of IndiaBy Shri Shri Anandamurti Spirituality stands for evolution and elevation, and not for superstition in action or pessimism. All fissiparous tendencies and group or ...

Teilhard de Chardin

FATHER PIERRE TEILHARD de CHARDIN:He is one of my heroes... Read More

Privilege - Alfred Lee Loomis and Hecateus

ALFRED LEE LOOMIS:Privilege sometimes leads to productivity and creativity through... Read More

Platos Atlantis: Fact, Fiction or Prophecy?

Atlantis is often described as paranormal or mythical, but is... Read More

Evolution and Exorcisms

EVOLUTION: More surprising to me as I consider where my... Read More

Critical Thinking To Go: Dodging The Pepperoni Pizza Fallacy

Today we commonly hear in the news journalistic items about... Read More

Guerrilla Mythbusting: 5 Snappy Rules For Spotting and Exposing Popular Nonsense

College students tend to wax enthusiastic about the lessons they... Read More

Infinity - Feynman

RICHARD FEYNMAN: - I had the great pleasure of watching... Read More

Einstein and Eirugena

ALBERT EINSTEIN: - "I am satisfied with the Mysteries of... Read More

DNA, Fiction and Society; How it Affects Thought

A book called the Seven Daughters of Eve by Richard... Read More

Joseph Bonaparte and The New Jersey Devil

Joseph Bonaparte and The New Jersey Devil:"Commodore Stephen Decatur was... Read More

Angel Inspired E-mails

This morning, I awoke somewhat down. As little seems to... Read More

Viewing from Anothers Perspective Sets Humans Apart?

Recently I discussed what sets humans apart from other animals... Read More

Conspiracy Theorist

Rudyard Kipling on Masonry: "the closest thing to a religion... Read More

The Animal and the Human

Recent DNA analyses have revealed that humans share a majority... Read More

Three Theories

An event occurs, then there must be an antecedent event,... Read More

Culture and Knowledge

In eastern Cultures the passing of thought was considered valuable,... Read More

Visions Of Heaven And Hell On Earth

Let us now pessimistically endeavour to communication the sentient of... Read More

Knowledge and Study of Social Science

. Human being Knowledge & social scienceHuman beings are the... Read More

Why Im Glad Im Not a Minority Writer

I'll admit that I used to be jealous of my... Read More

The Magi

I find no real fault in Constantine's inclusion or plagiarization... Read More

MORAL ARMOR on Materialism and Profit

Desiring to get the most out of life, life's lovers... Read More

Phony-Baloney Detection Lesson #2

Appeals to AuthorityListen to this quote by a guy I... Read More

My Insight into Numerology

From time to time, we wonder about the mystery that... Read More

The Galileo Conspiracy: 5 Questions Your Science Professors Hope You Never Ask

As a young lad, I took on my first scientific... Read More

Youre Wrong

Isn't it amazing how often you're wrong? I mean that... Read More