Knowledge and Study of Social Science

. Human being Knowledge & social science

Human beings are the best creature of the Creator. Why? Human being has got some distinct qualities, behaviors, sensitiveness, instincts, education, capability of prediction which are absent in beasts and other creature. The mankind is considered as 'ashraful makhlukat' and is immensely blessed by the Creator. Only the human beings have been given the ability to acquire knowledge of different branches of civilization. But unfortunately education the prime means of acquiring knowledge, as it appears is no more knowledge based and now a days, its aim appears mainly to have an institutional degree or certificate just for securing one's earning. Needless to say, efforts of building up the next generation and a healthy society can only ensure prosperous and happy future of our society and growth of civilization.

Man is rational animal and his activities are expected to be founded on rational thinking, conscious prediction, belief and knowledge based wisdom. Generally an educated people are considered to be a knowledgeable people. But indeed mere institutional education is not enough to be rational and knowledgeable in true sense. Rationality differs from nation to nation, society to society and it changes with time and development of civilization.

II. Components of Knowledge

For the sake of up to date development of all disciplines the people have to become knowledgeable in real sense. A man has to transform his knowledge into wisdom. In the task of locating problem, formulating plan, taking decision, execution of decision a person must apply his knowledge gathered mainly from the study of social science. Knowledge thus consists of some essential components which are as below:

a. Education
b. Ability of perception
c. Attitudes
d. Belief
e. Prediction
f. Rationality
g. Consciousness

The above components are discussed below as I have understood from the lectures listened. I consider the deliberations on the topic to be effective and fruitful for understanding the public administration one of disciplines of the social science.

II.a Education: the foundation of acquiring Knowledge

Studentship is a key part of one's life. It builds up a man to be educated. Once this part ceases he enters into his working world where he faces the reality, solves problems by using and exercising the knowledge he gathered by way of getting education. Even though acquiring knowledge is a continuous process and it never ceases.

A man can change the structure and chemistry of his brain in a specific area by repeatedly using his mind in a certain way? The way must be a rational one. The first implication here is that he can make permanent changes in the way he thinks and feels, but there is another implication. Permanent change means that if he is to change the way he thinks, he has to undo concrete changes. This takes more than wisdom; it takes time and effort, not just knowing, but doing. Rational prediction is a brain storming task that needs knowledge and wisdom to materialize an action designed for the welfare of the society.

The question is not of knowing, but of developing our wisdom, our inner knowledge. Our understanding should increase. Wisdom is the essence of knowledge. Just like perfume is attained by squeezing the essence out of flowers, so wisdom is the sum and substance of all knowledge, all experiences. Wisdom is a fragrance. When a thousand experiences and knowledge are compressed, one drop of wisdom is attained.

Vision is to be broadened, otherwise traditional knowledge will be of no use for the betterment and welfare of the society and mankind. Now-a-days, mostly, information is regarded as knowledge. The more one knows, the more knowledgeable he considers himself to be. Quantity means quality to him. However much information he gathers, it will all be borrowed. Knowledge is one's own.

A human being is like an onion. Remove one layer, and there is another layer; remove this and there is yet another. A man is nothing but a collection of knowledge, experience, information, understanding, education, impressions, culture and tradition. A man is hidden by his own coverings.

II.b. Ability of perception

A man has to acquire ability to perceive the 'cause and effect relationship' of any work or incident and its consequence. Only ability to do some work or to understand the necessity or causes of doing the work does not make a man knowledgeable. He must have some quality enabling himself to foresee the consequences of the work he intends to do in achieving the goal.

That is to say that a man must have some ability or techniques to predict the effects or consequences of the work he intends to do. In plain words, one should consider the costs and benefits. Understanding potential gains and eventual losses or effects will fuel a man's endeavors and get his brain to cooperate. What will happen if he does not reach his goal? How will he feel? How will his life change if he does succeed? The concept of 'prediction' lies with the above thinking.

II.c. Diversity of attitudes

Thoughts and attitudes differ from man to man. Men having same education may not have identical attitude and way of thinking as each independent people belongs to some own values, morals, religion and they are nourished in different socio-economic environments. Besides, the family, the primary institution of human development, also significantly influences a man in carrying some settled values, norms, morals in his mind.

II.d Belief

Belief is the fundamental thing of all activities planned and done by men; belief awakens one's self consciousness that help a man to exercise the moral sense or sense of right and wrong ; good or clear, bad or guilty. Thus, self consciousness and determination based on belief ultimately enable a man to design his way of action and implement of it. Consciousness relates to persons as each of persons can see himself from the inside.

A belief is inculcated in the mind of a person by various factors. But not so with knowledge. Knowledge is gained by a person by making use of his perceptional faculties. The perceptional faculties enable a man to predict the 'cause and effect relationship' of his action in rational way.

II.e Prediction

The concept of prediction is another aspect which is founded on

1 Knowledge
2 Self consciousness
3 Attitude
4 Way of thinking
5 Belief
6 Method of studying social science

The pattern of prediction varies from man to man because of diversity of age, values, morals, intelligence of different peoples. In the light of cause and effect relationship as discussed in the social science prediction is to be made. Imaginary prediction in fact is no prediction as it is devoid of knowledge, self consciousness and is not based on 'causal relationship'. The ability of prediction is a special faculty of human beings which is enriched through acquiring knowledge. Prediction not based on knowledge and self consciousness will be of no use and is incomplete in nature.

II.f Rationality

Human being is a complex creature having multiplex thoughts, instincts, values etc. External behavior of a man can easily be seen and studied but his inner instincts that are invisible cannot. Man is rational being. He is able to kill the ill instincts hidden in his inner mind only through acquiring knowledge and nourishment of rational norms and values. If he fails, there will be no difference between a beast and human being.

Reason is man's only means of knowing reality, upon which his survival in reality depends. Whether man is alone on a desert island, scurrying around with a pack of savages, or living in a city of billions: man must think-and then act on his thinking, if life is his goal. Man is a rational animal, and reality dictates that to survive, man must be rational-by choice.

The dominant position of rationality in Western civilization and philosophical tradition dates from the time when Ren È Descartes explicitly placed it in its key position within his conception of philosophy. His conception of philosophy of rationalism is based on respect for and the confidence in scientific knowledge, which he defines with his own means as an activity having rationality in its essence.

Rationality involves some universal and settled morals, values, practices, attitudes etc. In the society the matters before the men are to be viewed and considered in rational way or path by keeping the causal relationship as discussed in the social science in mind. In our civilization to act rationally means the same as to act correctly. This is in the core of the philosophy of rationalism. To think rationally means to approach decisions how to act in a correct way.

Two Kinds of Rationality

Substantive Rationality Functional Rationality It involves the way to achieve goal. It involves the strategy to be fixed for achieving the goal.

Strategy is something like technique that helps to achieve the goal through a particular way. Strategy is a changing factor depending on the needs, pattern, norms, resource, values, and habits of a particular society. Thus, formulation of strategies also needs one's knowledge, self consciousness, openness of mind, wisdom, ability of prediction.

Human conducts and activities are pregnant of diversities reflecting various attitudes some of which may have adverse effect on the society that needs a rational control by the knowledge. For the knowledge and rational path walk side by side. Human faculties must be rational. Otherwise society, family, or community will be in disorder.

II.g Consciousness

Philosophers such as Immanuel Kant think that rationality is a distinct feature of persons. This position implies that to be a person means to be a rational being and that one cannot be a person unless one is rational. Other philosophers think that in order to be termed a person; one must have a certain level of consciousness of one's own consciousness that helps him to acquire the art of prediction. Thus, ability to predict makes a knowledgeable person wise and vice versa. A man by exercising wisdom based on knowledge is an able person to predict the cause and effect relationship.

A man must keep his eyes and conscience open and aware of the matters and things prevailing and happening surrounding him and in the society and the things happened in the world history. A man is to keep his mind as an open window. Thus openness of mind in other words is linked with one's consciousness.

III. Selectiveness And human perception: Modern Approaches Every man is selective in his own sphere of his activities. It is indeed inherent characteristic of human being. In the process of decision making the characteristics and attitudes of man plays a vital role. Thus, for correct decision correct prediction is essential and here also inevitably comes the concept of 'cause and effect relation'. There are two modern approaches of selectiveness by man in social science which are as below:

1 Close system approach
2 Open system approach

Extreme close system approach prompts a man to make one eyed or arbitrary decision causing adverse effect. In this system idea of better prediction is ignored resulting narrow vision and thus a man fails to spray the fragrance of his knowledge which is called 'wisdom'.

When a man is not conscious of abstracting, when he assumes more knowledge than he really has or when he acts as if he knows it all, he falls victim to the "allness orientation". This is the person with the closed mind, the person who thinks he knows it all. Characteristics of a closed mind person are ?

1 Extremely subtle
2 Refusal to learn
3 Refusal to listen
4 Refusal to look or look again
5 Refusal to change or keep up to date
6 Assuming knowledge that one doesn't have
7 Refusal to ask questions
8 Jehovah complex
9 Self-satisfied Man
10 Refusal to delegate responsibility
11 One-way communication
12 Poor mental health and Inferiority Complex

We know wisdom teaches a man to select right or wrong. If the selection or any decision is right then its maker is said to be wise. Thus, we may conclude that he who applying the essence of his knowledge designs a plan or way of action predicts better is a wise man.

Multiplex principles make a man flexible in nature and attitude and thus he may sometimes fail to predict correctly before taking a decision or designing policy. In order to study social science one has to learn the 'open system approach' so that he becomes able to know the prevailing socio-economic picture of the society. A particular society consists of various people belonging to different religions, values, culture, ethics, needs, family structure.

There are many other variables involved in human perception. A person's ability or capacity, his existing knowledge, education or training all play an important role in abstracting. Change and process are important limiting factors, for we live in a dynamic world where things, as well as ourselves, are constantly changing. Despite the fact that our evaluations and perceptions are personal the above variables play an important role in our consideration of dogmatic behavior.

IV. Causal Relationship and Study of Social Science

Mathematics helps to understand physical science while language helps to understand the study and research of the social science. Language is the very tool that we use in communication. Anthropologists and linguists such as Edward Sapir and Benjamin Lee Whorf, along with Alfred Korzybski, have emphasized the important role that language plays in thinking, perceiving and behaving.

Study of social science is essential for acquiring efficiencies and knowledge in rational way to understand the cause and effect relationship. It is to be noted that cause and effect combinedly said to be the 'causal relationship'. Through the practice of perception of 'causal relationship' we may have clear ideas and prediction about the cause and effect of the events that take place surrounding us.

However, the way of proper and clear utilization of one's knowledge in proper manner can promote human resource development and organization management.

The extensive study of social science enables a man to attain the ability of correct prediction in rational way. Methods of studying social science are:

1 Descriptive method
2 Historical Method

IV.a Descriptive method: This method has to be utilized in all kinds of research; its only difference will be either more or less. For example, we use observational technique in investigation of the problem but later we have to describe and write down what we have found from such research. Whitney points out that by descriptive method of research it means an attempt to locate and define difficulty that has started the thinking process, many checks of present status in the field of investigation may be made.

In other words, Whitney's concept of descriptive method of research is a 'fact-finding with adequate interpretation'. Good thinks of descriptive studies as the studies which may include present facts or current conditions concerning the nature of a group of persons, a number of objects, or a class of events and may involve the procedures of induction, analysis, classification, enumeration or measurement. Whitney divided 'descriptive method' of research into five different types which are as below:

1 The research survey
2 Continuity description
3 Case-study research
4 Job and actively analysis
5 Library and documentary research.

IV.b Historical Method :This method involves "the use of records of previous events for the purpose of arriving at generalizations that may be used for the solving of current problems". We know that the past contains, if it can be located, the key to the present. Sometimes the past lends us light in taking decision by applying our knowledge to achieve the goal. Society is not a static organization, but as an organism continually growing through dynamic changes helps us gain greater insight into its structure and functioning. Everything has an antecedent history a natural development of which tends to exert influence on the present.

Thus we see that historical method of research can be applied to use in all disciplines regardless of their natural or social sciences .Historical approach is universal in almost all disciplines. For example, the physician secures case-history from the patient, the lawyer asks his client to disclose the whole story from the beginning, and psychologist inquires about the past of the patient's mental malfunctioning or lack of adjustment. According to Gottschalk the historical method consists of ?

1 The collection of probable sources of information

2 The examination of those sources for genuineness (either as a whole or in part).

3 The analysis of the sources or parts of sources proved genuine for their credible particulars.

Shahinur Islam
A student of Department of Public Administration, University of Dhaka having special interest in writing assignment on different topics. Now studying in 2nd year BSS (hons). Keenly interested to have higher degree on the discipline in abroad.

In The News:

Philosophy Club works to expand and promote student voices on campus  Northern Star OnlineDeKALB — Since its inception in the spring semester of 2018, Philosophy Club has helped students take a closer look into matters of philosophical importance, ...
Analysis: Pellegrini's positive philosophy plays out  West Ham United F.C.Had the Premier League season started on 15 September, rather than a month earlier, West Ham United would be sitting sixth in the table. The Irons have won ...
We need to address the gender disparity in philosophy  UT The Daily TexanWhen we think of gender disparities in academia, we are immediately drawn to male-dominated fields, such as many STEM majors, where women have been ...
Philosophy professor continues work on confounding problem  William & Mary NewsNoah Lemos, Leslie and Naomi Legum Distinguished Professor of Philosophy at William & Mary, talks about his years working on the pesky problem of the ...
How 'The Good Place' Made Philosophy a Pop Culture Phenomenon  TownandCountrymag.comIn an exclusive interview with Town and Country Magazine, 'The Good Place' creator Michael Schur spoke with us about writing a candy-colored fantasy about ...
School curricula to include philosophy, critical thinking  Saudi GazetteBy Nadia Al-Fawaz RIYADH — Education Minister Ahmed Al-Issa has said efforts are under way to revamp the high school curricula and include new ...
Soldier-Philosopher  The Weekly StandardIn his “Restatement on Xenophon's Hiero,” Leo Strauss, the 20th-century political philosopher credited with reviving Xenophon's status as a philosopher on par ...
Lee Hosts Shakespeare Political Science And Philosophy Symposium  The ChattanooganDr. Timothy Burns, the keynote speaker for Lee's Undergraduate Intercollegiate Political Science and Philosophy Symposium, participates in a discussion panel.
Don Garber signals changes to MLS philosophy on two major...  The AthleticIn his State of the League address, the MLS commissioner announced that the league is changing course on two long-held positions.
Wisconsin GOP's Lame-Duck Play: 'A New Philosophy of Governing'  Roll Call The Scott Walker era in Wisconsin is ending much as it began: With a controversial effort to weaken his political opponents that attracted protests and a national ...
Northeastern's next-man-up philosophy shows 'athletes live here' too  HighSchoolOTNortheastern's program consistently produces some of the top talent in the state, and this year the Eagles are a perfect 13-0 heading into the regional ...
Jet-Letter by Rhynie Greeff: Graffiti ̶ the philosophy of silence  The South AfricanSometime in your day you will inevitably see words or drawings scribbled, scratched, or sprayed illicitly in a public place. The defining part of the art of graffiti is ...
Apple's Reported 5G iPhone Plans Fit With Its Traditional Hardware Philosophy  TheStreetThe tech giant reportedly plans to wait until 2020 to launch 5G iPhones. That fits with its historical hardware strategy, but also spells more impression to pack ...
Ron Rivera explains philosophy in defensive playcalling  247SportsAs the day developed for the Carolina Panthers' defense in Week 13 against the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, they were caught by surprise when a playcall came in ...
Philosophy student awarded Dean's Medal after 20-year break from studies  Arizona State UniversityJonathan Liechty decided to come back to school after taking 20 years off. He returned through the Starbucks College Achievement Program and will be ...
UW-led philosophy team receives $1.5M grant to study the ethics of neurotechnology research  UW TodayUW postdoc Ivana Milovanovic (left) works with Center for Neurotechnology Young Scholars Program participant Emily Boeschoten on a sensory device.
Undergraduate Researchers Help Shape Bucknell Philosophy Course  Bucknell UniversityConor Moore '20 was the kind of high school student who read environmental science articles for fun, so majoring in environmental studies at Bucknell was a ...
Raiders' Lincoln Kennedy says Jon Gruden's 'philosophy a little different' than team's GM  Raiders WireRaiders radio color analyst Lincoln Kennedy explained the differences in philosophy between coach Jon Gruden and GM Reggie McKenzie.
NASA and philosophers now teach a philosophy of space-travel safety  QuartzWhat makes a rocket safe? Are you sure—really, really sure? To answer this question to NASA's exacting standards, you'll need not just a grasp of engineering, ...
The Missing Key Piece from Youth Catechesis? It's Philosophy  National Catholic Register“Where the right education of youth is concerned, no amount of trouble or labor can be undertaken, how great soever, but that even greater still may not be ...
6 essential books on existentialist philosophy  Big ThinkExplore some of the greatest existentialist philosophers around, from Albert Camus to Søren Kierkegaard.
10 philosophy books to develop a diverse metaphysical perspective  Big ThinkFrom Aristotle to Alan Watts, these 10 books will not only give you a better understanding of metaphysical principles, but will also endow you will new ways to ...
The Philosophy of Our Time  Boston ReviewThe Philosophy of Our Time from Boston Review. Jean-Paul Sartre's existential Marxism offers a radical philosophical foundation for today's revitalized critiques ...
Fostering a ‘philosophy of growth mindset’  The Irish TimesProfile: Coláiste de Lacy, Ashbourne Co Meath.
A Philosophy of Magic: Memphis’s Newest Conjuror Has a Mission  Memphis Flyer"Let me tell you, it almost never goes up the sleeve." Veteran educator and practicing sleight-of-hand artist Lawrence Hass drops some information on the ...
New CU Boulder philosophy course tackles sports | Colorado Arts and Sciences Magazine  CU Boulder TodayAlex Wolf-Root, a former collegiate track athlete pursuing a PhD in philosophy at CU Boulder, first got the idea to create a course melding philosophy and sports ...
Raissman: The Yankees' new 'philosophy' a hot topic as Winter Meetings begin - NY Daily News  New York Daily NewsWhen the temperature drops, and Christmas is around the corner, the Yankee way is not about convincing the media the organization will do what it takes to ...
Broadway’s first traffic jam was due to a Henri Bergson philosophy lecture  QuartzJust over 100 ago, New York newspapers announced the impending arrival of a visiting French philosopher, and the city buzzed. When Henri Bergson delivered ...
Philosophy for the Young, Medieval Style | Issue 129  Philosophy NowAround the world, teenagers are taking philosophy classes. For instance, French students take a philosophy exam at the end of their secondary education, and ...
George H.W. Bush's letters offer a glimpse into his philosophy on life  CBS NewsThough the former president didn't write a memoir, many of his handwritten letters were assembled in his book "All The Best, George Bush"
Golden Apple winner's philosophy: Empower students  WKRG News 5ELBERTA, Ala. (WKRG) -- After we surprised Elberta Elementary School teacher April Paul with her Golden Apple Award, it didn't take long for us to realize what ...
Wednesday’s letters: The world needs doctors of medicine and of philosophy  Tampa Bay TimesLearning skills for the job market | Letter, Nov. 22. The world needs plumbers, poets. It is true that college is not for everyone. Training in technical skills is ...
St Mary's Lecturer Delivers Royal Institute of Philosophy Lecture  St Mary's University, TwickenhamDr Hannah M Altorf, St Mary's Philosopher, was recently invited to give a lecture at the prestigious Royal Institute of Philosophy, London Lecture Series.
Philosophy Talk: Foucault and Power  KALWIs power a matter of top-down control, or is it distributed throughout society?
On the consolations of philosophy  The Daily StarIn 2002, Unesco declared the third Thursday of every November as World Philosophy Day, to celebrate "the enduring value of philosophy for the development of ...
Do what you love and live longer, Japanese philosophy says  KTVZWhat if you could live longer just by doing more of what you love to do most?
What philosophy tells us about climate change sceptics  The Straits TimesPhilosophers have been talking about scepticism for a long time. Some of those insights can shed light on our public discourse regarding climate change.
Texans’ whatever it takes philosophy adds up 8 wins in a row  Houston Chronicle The NRG Stadium crowd's energy fit the somber pregame mood, a proper tone in a nod to the late Bob McNair, the Texans' owner who passed away two days ...
Buying minimalism: marketers and gurus seize the popular philosophy to sell you more  CBC.caMyriad minimalist home products promise to soothe your soul. Does that go against the idea of having less?
MSU philosophy intern gains valuable experience for medical school  Morehead State University NewsMorehead State University has a long and respected reputation for helping students gain admittance to pre-professional schools at rates far above both state ...
Philosophy Espresso # 8: Straight talking - Life Matters  ABC NewsStraight talking is prized in our society. But Damon Young argues that, ideally, plain speakers should be accurate and dogged in their condemnation of powerful ...
Hoffmeyer '19 hopes to explore intersection of classical music, literature, philosophy  The Daily PrincetonianJohn Hoffmeyer '19 is studying comparative literature at the University and will pursue a M.St. in Modern Languages at the University of Oxford. Photo courtesy ...
Constable: The trick of turning philosophy, physics and art into magic  Chicago Daily HeraldThe "now you see it, now you don't" magic act that 28-year-old Wheaton native Jeanette Andrews started in preschool has evolved into an event that blends ...
Mark Noble says Manuel Pellegrini's philosophy is taking effect at West Ham  SkySportsWest Ham captain Mark Noble believes the philosophy of manager Manuel Pellegrini is starting to take effect at the club.
A Universe Made for Us? Some Philosophy and Physics  Psychology TodayAccording to some experts, the physical constants of the universe shows that it was made, somehow, for us. Others disagree.
Philosophers philosophizing about philosophy on world philosophy day 2018  QuartzRead Kierkegaard and Nietzsche and Camus, and reckon with the great questions and disintegrating reality.
Minorities and Philosophy group host discussion on race  The Daily ToreadorThere are certain things people are not supposed to talk about in conversations.
Hunter Renfrow's sound philosophy has helped Clemson claim four straight division titles  Anderson Independent MailCHESTNUT HILL, Mass. – Hunter Renfrow plays the game of football by adhering to simple yet effective guiding philosophy – essentially, exert the best effort ...
Obituary: Adolf Grunbaum / Pitt professor was one of world's pre-eminent philosophers of science  Pittsburgh Post-GazetteAdolf Grunbaum, a professor and researcher at the University of Pittsburgh who was renowned during his time as perhaps the world's pre-eminent philosopher ...
New curricula in Saudi schools to include philosophy, critical thinking  Al-ArabiyaSaudi Education Minister Ahmed al-Issa has said that efforts are underway to redevelop the high school curricula and include new educational projects.
Artists will explore climate change with ‘A Night of Philosophy and Ideas’  Houston Chronicle Timothy Morton and Laurie Anderson lead the list of thinkers who will converge for “A Night of Philosophy and Ideas” about ecology and climate change at ...
On the role of truth and philosophy in fantastic fiction  Boing BoingFantasy and science fiction author and political activist Steven Brust (previously) was this year's Guest of Honor at Philcon, an excellent Philadelphia-area ...
More on the new Twins philosophy  Twinkie TownWhen Derek Falvey and Thad Levine took over the Minnesota Twins two years ago, us fans were curious to see how the organization would change. Initially, the ...
Public Service Announcement: Zack Greinke and the Philosophy of No-Trade Clauses  Viva El BirdosIn which the author employs a very special metaphor to talk about why a no trade list doesn't say what some seem to think it does.
NDSU changed its scheduling philosophy after 2013 Montana State...  Grand Forks HeraldFARGO -- After all these years and terse comments by North Dakota State fans over not hosting Montana State in the 2013 regular season, the Bobcats are ...
Understanding Philosophy Through Cartoons  WAMCThomas Cathcart and Daniel Klein have been thinking deep thoughts and writing jokes for decades, and now they are here to help us understand Philosophy.
Tiger 21 philosophy: Learn from your (very wealthy) peers  The Globe and MailBeing a member is like having your own personal board of directors, founder says.
The philosophy of Roma v Inter  Football ItaliaRoma and Inter's 2-2 draw on Sunday was more than a regular game, argues Andrea Tallarita, it was a contest of football philosophies. It is only the tyranny of ...
Philanthropy is philosophy, says Dwaraka Surya seer  Deccan HeraldPhilanthropy is a concept which encompasses the purpose of our life. One has to make philanthropy an indivisible part of our life, said Dwaraka Suryapeetha ...
UK courts will decide if veganism deserves the same discrimination protections as religion  QuartzI think it's a sounder belief than any of the religions,” says utilitarian philosopher Peter Singer.
The SNP needs a political philosophy beyond independence  New StatesmanThe party should look to the Enlightenment for inspiration - too much of its time is spent tutting at Westminster.
3 takeaways from Matt Wells' press conference, including how his offensive philosophy differs from that of Texas Tech's past  Dallas NewsA week to the day after Kliff Kingsbury coached his final game at Texas Tech, the university hosted a press conference to introduce its new head coach Matt ...
Review: The Philosopher's Wife only enlivened by “unforeseen circumstances”  The Globe and Mail“Unforeseen circumstances”: two words that can either be terrible or thrilling to hear in a theatre. Playwright Susanna Fournier got up to speak them on opening ...
Black Friday scene: A platoon of nieces, philosophy at Menards and a snake named Gladys  Milwaukee Journal SentinelShortly before 1100 hours Friday, Diana Roberson, World's Greatest Aunt, marshaled a platoon of nieces for the day's expedition. Rendezvous point: Sperry ...
"My Government Tolerant To All Religions": Mamata Banerjee On World Philosophy Day  NDTV NewsMamata Banerjee today tweeted that her government respects all religions and schools of thought. The chief minister, on the occasion of World Philosophy Day, ...
A Russian city is embroiled in protests over Immanuel Kant  QuartzThe Russian city of Kaliningrad is in the midst of a heated debate. Paint has been thrown, protests and counter-protests have been staged, and a vice-admiral ...
Ron Gallo: Stardust Birthday Party review – a post-punk philosophical rebirth  The GuardianRon Gallo's last album, Heavy Meta, was one of the best under-the-radar records of 2017, a scabrous garage rock squall about human foibles, made, he now ...
Knights philosophy was driven into Alex Tuch at early age  Las Vegas Review-JournalWing Alex Tuch is all in on coach Gerard Gallant's philosophy of not thinking too far ahead. One game, one period, one shift at a time, the coach often says.
Philosopher's day in Combined Clubs Inshore Series  My SailingAustralian IRC champion yacht Philosopher looks right on target to retain her national title in Victoria and also must rank as favourite to win the Launceston to ...
Ben Roethlisberger defends Steelers' offensive philosophy  247SportsA week ago, Steeler Nation was riding high after watching their team win their sixth straight game in Jacksonville against the Jaguars. This week, Steeler Nation ...
Philosophy Department Honors Late Professor Emeritus Stanley L. Cavell | News  Harvard CrimsonTo honor the life of emeritus Philosophy emeritus professor Stanley L. Cavell, Harvard's Philosophy Department held a tribute at Memorial Church followed by ...
Philadelphia Union roster moves signal shift in player acquisition philosophy  Brotherly GameThe bulk of minutes played in 2018 for the Philadelphia Union still went to players who first entered the league via the SuperDraft but the number is trending ...
Knowledge, Ignorance and Climate Change  The New York TimesPhilosophers have been talking about skepticism for a long time. Some of those insights can shed light on our public discourse regarding climate change.
Introduction to the revolutionary philosophy of Marxism – part one  In Defence of MarxismThe following is an introduction to the latest publication by Marxist Books, The Revolutionary Philosophy of Marxism, by the editor of In Defence of Marxism, Alan ...
'Survive and thrive': Pacific County woman's philosophy | South County News  Chinook ObserverRAYMOND — Nicole Apelian is a survivor. She leads safari groups to Africa, teaches outdoor survival skills and competes on TV reality shows which push ...
KYOCERA reflects on integral philosophy of founder Dr Kazuo Inamori to respect the divine, love people  ITWebFor KYOCERA Document Solutions, one of the world's leading document solutions companies, the philosophy of its founder, Dr Kazuo Inamori, is an integral ...
Three-day philosophers’meet from December 11  Times of IndiaPATNA: Darshan Parishad-Bihar, an organisation of philosophers, will organise its 41st annual conference at J D Women's College here from December 11 .
Pedro salutes Sarri’s attacking philosophy  FOX Sports AsiaPremier League: Chelsea's attacking players are revelling under Maurizio Sarri's attacking philosophy, according to Pedro.
About time: why western philosophy can only teach us so much – podcast  The GuardianBy gaining greater knowledge of how others think, we can become less certain of the knowledge we think we have, which is always the first step to greater ...
The Philosophers and the American Left  Tablet MagazineI. The American left, which has sometimes been poor in institutions, has always been wealthy in political philosophy—and you can see the wealth and its ...
Pelicans Long-Term Philosophy  Pelican DebriefWhat did the losses on the road, and the following home wins, teach us about this year's New Orleans Pelicans squad and what do we think moving forward?
State College Stories: Uygar Abaci  The UndergroundThis interview is part of our State College Stories series which highlights the stories and experiences of various people in and around State College.
Do what you love and live longer, the Japanese ikigai philosophy says  KSTU FOX 13 Salt Lake CityWhat if you could live longer just by doing more of what you love to do most? It's an attractive theory that finds its evidence in a community on the island of ...
USA: NYC Marxist School launches The Revolutionary Philosophy of Marxism  In Defence of MarxismOn the weekend of 10-11 November, the NYC comrades of the International Marxist Tendency hosted the 2018 Northeast Regional Marxist School. There was ...
Indiana family has gender-neutral parenting philosophy, little boy wears pink  Daily MailChristina Hise-Johnson, 35, and husband, Josh, 39, have committed to gender-neutral parenting. They don't insist that their three children adhere to traditional ...
Arthur Masuaku speaks out on Manuel Pellegrini's philosophy and makes Aaron Cresswell admission  Football.LondonLatest West Ham news includes comments from Arthur Masuaku on Manuel Pellegrini and Aaron Cresswell.
Symposium on Gandhian philosophy held in Dumaria  Avenue MailJamshedpur: A symposium on Mahatma Gandhi was organzied at Dumaria Anchal Middle School, Dumaria and Upgraded High School, Kumrasol on ...
Jaguars' Coughlin defends philosophy, offseason moves | Football  Portage Daily RegisterJACKSONVILLE, Fla. (AP) — Tom Coughlin recognizes that NFL rules favor passing and insists he understands "what the public wants."
Cream Premiere: Blank Range Gets Philosophical in "Proximity" [Fresh Vid]  Nashville SceneVid accompanies a track from the group's LP In Unison, out Feb. 1.
Defense first philosophy key for McCutcheon girls basketball  Journal & CourierThe Mavericks improved to 3-0 on Monday with a win over Twin Lakes.
ETSU philosophy lecturer raises ethical questions about gene editing research  Johnson City Press (subscription)The ethical debate about editing embryos' genes continues after the Chinese government ordered a halt to work by researchers who have claimed to create the ...
Good Grief!: The beguiling philosophy of Peanuts  BBC NewsPeanuts creator Charles M Schulz claimed his comic strips were “about nothing” – but according to a new exhibition, they had a seismic influence on society, ...
Our View: As far as casino partnership goes, it seems that morals and philosophy might be as important as profitability  Appeal-DemocratHard Rock International executives who visited here last week along with tribal members of the Enterprise Rancheria, pledge that they'll be good corporate ...
Einstein's 'God letter' hits auction block  Richmond Free PressA handwritten 1954 letter by physicist Albert Einstein in which the Nobel laureate is dismissive of religion in general and Judaism in particular is expected to ...
How humanities grads are finding jobs in Silicon Valley  PBS NewsHourOnly 1 in 20 college degrees awarded today are in the humanities or liberal arts, as a perception persists that these fields don't provide marketable skills for ...
Ignored by England, philosophical Gloucester turn to Europe and Exeter showdown  Telegraph.co.ukAlongside intrepid Bristol Bears, Gloucester were one of just two Gallagher Premiership clubs not represented by England during the autumn Tests.
MLB hot stove: Astros reportedly sign catcher Robinson Chirinos, and he could represent a philosophical change  CBS SportsThe Astros have landed a new starting catcher: Houston will pay Robinson Chirinos nearly $6 million as part of a one-year pact, per Ken Rosenthal of The ...
MIT Artist Joan Jonas Receives Japan's Kyoto Prize in Arts and Philosophy  Business WireMIT Artist Joan Jonas Receives Kyoto Prize, Japan's Highest Private Award for Global Achievement.
Is The World An Illusion? | Issue 129  Philosophy NowOf course the world is an illusion! We see only a tiny part of the electromagnetic spectrum, which is divided into colours that exist only in our brains. We hear only ...
Kacey Musgraves' 2018 CMA Awards Outfit Was a Tribute to Her Musical Philosophy  The BootThe big event for Kacey Musgraves during the 2018 CMA Awards may have been her win in the category of Album of the Year (for Golden Hour), but the country ...

The Pertinence of Nudity

Every kind of nudity is an abstraction. A man without... Read More

Archetypes

DEPTH PSYCHOLOGY (ARCHETYPES): - "All material bodies are condensations of... Read More

Three Theories

An event occurs, then there must be an antecedent event,... Read More

The Earth Energy Grid

EARTH ENERGY GRID: - Sedona, Arizona is not only my... Read More

The Cosmic Eggs

One of the ancient Seven Wonders of the World is... Read More

Einstein and Eirugena

ALBERT EINSTEIN: - "I am satisfied with the Mysteries of... Read More

Joseph Brant and The Hegelian Dialectic

I admit I am only able to provide guesses as... Read More

Emerson and Plato

You might be surprised by the breadth and reach of... Read More

Plato to Bushco

The Neoplatonic Hierarchy:The twentieth century has seen a lot of... Read More

Desire is the First Step

When a member of a species determines it wants something... Read More

Youre Wrong

Isn't it amazing how often you're wrong? I mean that... Read More

Stranded Notions: Time And Philosophy Of The Individual

As I look back now, a long time seems to... Read More

Critical Thinking To Go: Dodging The Pepperoni Pizza Fallacy

Today we commonly hear in the news journalistic items about... Read More

What Is Destiny? Is There Some Thing Called Free Will?

One of the greatest and everlasting debates of humanity has... Read More

Reducing Human Population Growth

Due to the indoctrination of World Religions and their control... Read More

Goths

To start this chapter we have a response from the... Read More

From Experience: Is It the Circle of Life?

All of it in one way or another a part... Read More

German Philosophers

German Culture: German PhilosophersGerman and German speaking philosophers have made... Read More

Purpose

There is no God.Belief is a stray sentiment; it functions... Read More

The Knowledge Filter

"[I often get] the feeling that the very concept of... Read More

Privilege - Alfred Lee Loomis and Hecateus

ALFRED LEE LOOMIS:Privilege sometimes leads to productivity and creativity through... Read More

Socrates Warned Us But We Killed Him

The ability to do something that requires generations to develop... Read More

Slavers Claim To be Slaves - Taxation

The United States of America was planned by elite members... Read More

The Keltoi

The CIA's motto is "You shall know the truth and... Read More

Phony-Baloney Detection Lesson #2

Appeals to AuthorityListen to this quote by a guy I... Read More