Bosnia - An Economy in Search of a State

Bosnia-Herzegovina (heretofore "Bosnia") is an artificial polity with four, tangentially interacting, economies. Serbs, Croats and their nominal allies, the Bosniaks each maintain their own economy. The bloated, fractured, turf conscious, inefficient, and often corrupt presence of the international community, in the form of the Office of the High Representative, among others, constitutes the fourth - and most dominant - parallel economy. The divergence of the economies of these components of Bosnia is so high that the inflation differential between them amounts to 13%. The Bosniak-Croat Federation experienced deflation in 1999 - while the Republika Srpska (RS) was in the throes of 14% inflation. The real effective exchange rate in RS appreciated by 13% and depreciated by 6% in the Federation between 1998-2000. Wages in the Federation are higher by 30% compared to the RS.

The International Crisis Group in its October 8, 2001 report about the Republika Srpska estimated that "the RS economy stands on the verge of collapse. Were it not for a continuing flow of direct international budget supports and soft loans, the RS government would be bankrupt." And the RS actually enjoyed a disproportionate part of the more than $5 billion in aid that flooded Bosnia since 1996. The world Bank has disbursed c. $690 million of the $860 million it committed to Bosnia as a whole - twice its disbursements in Slovenia and Macedonia combined.

These jeremiahs may be overkill. Bosnia, its flourishing informal economy and all-pervasive smuggling notwithstanding, has come a long way since the Dayton accords. It has a functioning central bank with growing foreign exchange reserves and a stable and widely accepted currency-board backed currency, the marka. Its payment and banking systems are surprisingly modern. Its anti money laundering and anti corruption legislation is up to scratch and even enforced (especially in the Croat part of the Bosniak-Croat Federation). It is more advanced than all other successor republics to former Yugoslavia in pension, treasury system, and labour market reforms. Its inflation rate is moderate (c. 6% annually) - though reliable consolidated national figures are hard to come by. Bosnia gained tariff-free access to the EU and signed a free trade agreement with Croatia which calls for the abolition of all tariffs by 2004. Similar agreements have either been signed or are being negotiated with Macedonia, Slovenia, and Yugoslavia. WTO accession is slated for 2002. For all these goodnews, Bosnia has been rewarded with a steady trickle of foreign investors.

Still, Bosnia is quintessentially "Balkan" - stifled by red tape, capricious laws, rampant corruption, venality, nepotism, and cronyism run amok. Its state enterprises are patronage machines and its banks coerced into political and unwise lending, propping up zombie enterprises. Credit to the private sector grows at less than nominal GDP which indicates a failure of financial intermediation by the banking system.

Trade among the ethnically cleansed parts of this country is minimal, privatization non existent, corporate governance a distant dream, as are the rule of law and property rights. Bosnia's impressive average growth figures (5-8% in 2000, depending on the source) were skewed by the spurt of reconstruction (especially of the electricity and water supply infrastructure), which followed the devastation of its protracted and savage civil war. This phase over, and the victim of a severe drought, the economy is faltering now, stagnant at less than half the prewar output levels (though more than double the 1995 level, at the end of civil war).

Bosnia faces growing unemployment (officially at close to 40%) and social disintegration provoked by excruciating poverty. Poor tax collection, a minimal tax base, and the transition to a new payment and bank supervision systems - all led to diminishing tax and customs revenues (which created an addiction to the kindness of strangers in donor conferences). Bosnians flee their impromptu country and it suffers a massive brain drain.

Industrial actions are a daily matter - the latest staged by disgruntled teachers in in the canton of Central Bosnia. The government hasn't paid their salaries since August. Bosnia's trade (and budget) figures are notoriously irrelevant (defense spending is still off budget, for instance) but it trades mainly with Germany, Switzerland, and Croatia. It has gaping fiscal (6% of GDP, including arrears) and current account (22% of GDP excluding transfers!) deficits and heavy external debt (close to 80% of GDP) - though a lot of it is long term and concessionary. Had it not been for unilateral transfers of aid (c. $1 billion a year), remittances from Bosnians abroad to their families, and the exploding drug trade (Bosnia is an important thoroughfare of illicit goods - including cigarettes and smuggled cars) - Bosnia would have been in dire straits.

It could have been different. Bosnia has rich agricultural endowments - soil and climate. Yet, its myriad tiny, family owned, farms are non-competitive and it is, thus, a net food importer. Its (mostly military, vehicular, heavy, and obsolete) industry is labour-intensive and ridden with obstructive hidden unemployment. It parasitically thrives on services (close to 60% of its economy) - mainly to expatriates and peacekeepers. And wages (especially in the Federation) are set at Hungarian levels, making both the public and private sectors woefully uncompetitive. Bosnia's economy teaches us two diametrically opposed lessons - that Man can put aside a brutal past and work on a better future and that such an effort is doomed if the result of external pressure to sustain a political fiction.

About The Author

Sam Vaknin is the author of "Malignant Self Love - Narcissism Revisited" and "After the Rain - How the West Lost the East". He is a columnist in "Central Europe Review", United Press International (UPI) and ebookweb.org and the editor of mental health and Central East Europe categories in The Open Directory, Suite101 and searcheurope.com. Until recently, he served as the Economic Advisor to the Government of Macedonia.

His web site: http://samvak.tripod.com

In The News:

Beats, rhymes and elections: Rap and politics in Senegal  Aljazeera.comHow hip-hop has become the language of politics for Senegal's youth.
Love across the divide: couples on Brexit, politics and religion  The GuardianWhat's it like to fall in love with someone with very different opinions? We hear from couples who know all about compromise.
On Politics: The Biggest Stories of the Week  The New York TimesFrom the Mueller report to the Democratic primary, it's been a busy week in American politics. Here are some of the biggest stories you might have missed (and ...
Mueller report brings moment of reckoning to US politics  Economic TimesWASHINGTON (AP) — For many Democrats, Robert Mueller's investigation has long stood as their best, last chance to take down President Donald Trump ...
The 2020 Presidential Hopefuls and the Politics of Consensus  The New YorkerBeto O'Rourke, the latest candidate to enter the 2020 race, toured the small eateries of Iowa earlier this month, climbing onto coffee counters and bars to deliver ...
NSW election: bush politics have changed, but the Nationals have not | Gabrielle Chan  The GuardianThe devastating swings against the party demonstrate that turning up with a big cheque before an election doesn't cut it any more.
The Art of Navigating a Family Political Discussion, Peacefully  The AtlanticLots of American families fight, but most are unlikely to fight about politics: In a study released last month on the extent to which Americans live in “bubbles,” 39 ...
Varanasi, by design: Vishwanath Dham and the politics of change  The HinduThe new redevelopment project places the Vishwanath temple at the epicentre. Is it about conserving a heritage city or is it a political statement?
Politics this week  The EconomistA gunman killed 50 worshippers at two mosques in Christchurch, streaming part of the atrocity live on Facebook. The attacker, an Australian who had been living ...
When It Comes to Dating, Millennials Put Politics Over Good Sex: Survey  PEOPLE.comMillennials are placing more importance on political beliefs than what happens in the bedroom, according to data from OKCupid.
Plenty of politics at play in Venezuela-Catalonia friendly  Fox NewsThere will be lots of politics to talk about when Venezuela takes on a Catalonia squad in a friendly soccer game in Spain on Monday.
Week In Politics: Mueller Delivers His Russia Investigation Report To Attorney General  NPRNPR's Ailsa Chang speaks with Jeffrey Rosen of the National Constitution Center, Susan Shelley of the Orange County Register, and E.J. Dionne of The ...
Tory coup fails to materialise as Theresa May limps on  The GuardianIf it was a coup, it didn't last long. Cameras arrived early on Sunday morning outside the houses of David Lidington, the prime minister's de facto deputy, and ...
WATCH: Keep politics out of sport, says UDM leader Holomisa  IOLCampaigning in Wonderkop, UDM leader Bantu Holomisa made a pit stop to hand over kit for soccer and netball teams competing in a local tournament.
Nigel Farage back in frontline politics as Brexit Party leader  BBC NewsNigel Farage is returning to frontline politics in the UK as leader of the newly established Brexit Party. The ex-UKIP leader is taking over from Catherine Blaiklock ...
From Israel to Brexit to France: Trump dips into allies' politics  CNNWashington (CNN) He's trashed the British Prime Minister. He's cheered protesters in France. And now he's handed Israel's embattled leader a win days before ...
Sunday Politics  NPRWe look at the week in politics, including President Trump's response to the mosque shootings in New Zealand.
SCOTUS Should Steer Clear of the Politics of Gerrymandering  National ReviewCome Tuesday, the Supreme Court will hear oral arguments urging it to referee gerrymandering in the drawing of congressional districts. The justices should ...
Trump’s Free-Speech Executive Order and the Right’s Fixation on Campus Politics  The New YorkerOsita Nwanevu on President Donald Trump's executive order barring colleges that are deemed unduly restrictive of free speech from receiving federal funds.
The Politics Surrounding Mueller Have Changed A Lot Since He Started  FiveThirtyEightOne big question, now that special counsel Robert Mueller has filed his report, is what the process of revealing Mueller's findings will mean politically, which is a ...
Generals Are Back in Israel’s Political Vanguard  The New York TimesThe return of the generals to Israeli politics is viewed as an emergency call-up by those hoping to rout right-wing Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.
Timeline: Thailand's turbulent political history  Channel NewsAsiaBANGKOK: Violent demonstrations, multiple coups and a cryptic election eve message from the king. Thailand's unpredictable political history has few rivals.
Poh Li San a potential fresh face in Singapore politics | Video  Channel NewsAsiaChangi Airport Group's Poh Li San has been touted as a potential candidate for the People's Action Party in the next General Election, having ...
Politics and notoriety come to fore  The Canberra TimesPolitical chaos is not the only thing that the Christchurch killer probably wanted to whip up.
Australians must be vigilant against divisive race politics, says Tim Soutphommasane  The GuardianIn an interview for the Australian politics podcast, the former race discrimination commissioner warns fascism was enabled by democratic mechanisms.
#PollVault: More Politics on National Security, and 'Corruption' Hidden in Diaries  The WireEvery morning till the elections, The Wire's reporters and editors bring you Poll Vault – a summary of the most important political developments, all in one place.
Labour could fight snap election with second referendum pledge  The GuardianLabour could fight a snap general election pledging to hold a public vote on any Brexit deal, Keir Starmer has said, saying the party was now clear that any deal ...
Chicago's Democratic socialists on brink of transforming city's politics  The GuardianSix Democratic socialists may join city council this year, reflecting the progressive momentum in national politics.
People's Vote march ‘too big to ignore’, organisers warn MPs  The GuardianProtest demanding second Brexit referendum was largest in UK since 2003, with estimated crowd of more than 1 million.
India’s political parties are spending heavily to advertise on Facebook but not on Twitter  Scroll.inIt's partly because Twitter is much less transparent in showing details about political ads and partly because it's far less popular than Facebook in India.
On Politics: At 50, Hawaii's beautiful Capitol building needs better care  Honolulu Star-AdvertiserHappy Birthday, Hawaii State Capitol: Here's hoping we can take better care of you, so you can last another 50 years. Read More ...
Brexit petition to revoke article 50 exceeds 5m signatures  The GuardianThe petition asking the British government to revoke article 50 and reconsider its plan to exit the European Union has passed the 5m-signature mark, following a ...
What's the score: How cricketers-turned-politicians fare in elections  India TodayWith the induction of former cricketer Gautam Gambhir in the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), it is only fair to look back at former cricketers who sought a political ...
Letter to a Friend Who Happens To Be a Modi Supporter  The WireCommon friends have told me not to let politics get in the way of a friendship, but how am I supposed to be good friends with you if you see nothing wrong in ...
After Student Politics, Kanhaiya Kumar Gets Lesson in Realpolitik as Tejashwi Blocks Grand Alliance Entry  News18The CPI said the party will contest from Begusarai and both Kanhaiya and the party were ready, alliance or no alliance.
Dying of whiteness: how racial politics backfires on white Americans  Vox.comJonathan Metzl explains how racism gets whites to support policies that hurt them.
NSW's head prefect shows how politics is done  The Australian Financial ReviewNSW Premier Gladys Berejiklian succeeded because she did something the federal Coalition couldn't: deliver competent government and internal unity.
Players Who Made the Jump From Cricket to Politics  News18Over the years, Indian cricketers have made their foray into politics with varying degrees of success. And now with Gautam Gambhir deciding to join the BJP, we ...
Week In Politics  NPRWe have a recap of the week in politics, including Michael Cohen's testimony before Congress and a failed nuclear summit with North Korea.
Big business’ political muscle in Sacramento is tested by new Democratic mega-majority  Los Angeles TimesIf the state Capitol had a hall of fame for playing defense against new laws, its largest shrine would be to the California Chamber of Commerce and its ...
Bernie Sanders-Style Politics Are Defining 2020 Race, Unnerving Moderates  The New York TimesThe leading Democratic candidates have largely broken with consensus-driven politics and embraced progressive ideas on health care, taxes, the environment ...
He Doesn’t Do Politics, He Does Fun: Shaquille O’Neal Joins With Embattled Pizza Pusher, Papa John’s, in New Deal  The RootWhen we got word Papa John's Pizza got a new (black) face, Shaquille O'Neal, the crew at The Root had a field day. “Ask Shaq about his obsession with being ...
Corbyn’s team split over soft Brexit  The GuardianJeremy Corbyn's shadow cabinet is set to clash again over Brexit this week, with supporters of a second referendum concerned that the Labour leadership will ...
Changi Airport Group V-P willing to enter politics if given the chance  The Straits TimesAddressing rumours that she might be fielded as a People's Action Party (PAP) candidate in the next election, Changi Airport Group vice-president Poh Li San ...
Kerala’s campaign rhetoric: A flood, a temple, and the cult of political violence  The HinduAs Kerala heads for the April 23 Lok Sabha elections, it is evident that two key issues would dominate electioneering in the State.In the Central Travancore belt ...
The sport of politics: Where Rathore hit bull's eye and Bhutia missed a sitter  Economic TimesSports stars have long dotted the political firmament and will do so again this election with seasoned names like Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore, Kirti Azad and ...
Hey politics, wake up to sustainability  Economic TimesThe pace at which the world is extracting and consuming materials — metals, mineral, fuels and biomass for food, livestock and energy — is not just ...
‘Dynasty’ still rules supreme in Odisha politics!  Odisha Television Ltd.Even as dynasty is an antithesis to democracy, tentacles of dynasty seem taking strong root in State politics. The politics of dynasty is now ruling supreme in ...
Propaganda, Politics, And The Environment  CleanTechnicaMarch 22nd, 2019 by Robert Dee. Democracy in America, a “Rule Utilitarianism” system (rules made to benefit the majority) is failing. Fundamentally, systems ...
The Division 2 and the Severing of Politics from Video Games  The New YorkerSimon Parkin on how video-game developers have continued to borrow politically charged settings while arguing that their games are politically impartial.
Millennials care more about politics than sex  New York Post An interesting finding from a recent OK Cupid survey: dating within one's political party has gone up as a priority, while good sex has gone down. What that might ...
Nurul Izzah again warns of 'crisis' in Malaysia politics | Malaysia  Malay MailKUALA LUMPUR, March 24 — Permatang Pauh MP Nurul Izzah Anwar has repeated her concerns of a worsening “crisis” in local politics but demurred when ...
As Hillary Clinton Steps Away, a Political Era for Women Wanes  The New York TimesFor decades in American politics, Hillary Clinton and many other women followed in the footsteps of a husband or father. None of the six women running for ...
What animals can teach us about politics | Science  The GuardianDecades of studying primates has convinced me that animal politics are not so different from our own – and even in the wild, leadership is about much more than ...
Uri Geller promises to stop Brexit using telepathy  The GuardianIllusionist has told Theresa May he will 'not allow' her to lead Britain out of the EU.
Fashion meets politics: How Modi jackets are creating a storm this election season  Economic TimesBandhgala jackets with PM Narendra Modi or Rahul Gandhi's face printed on them are becoming a rage.
Opinion | How politicians normalized defections  Livemint"The evil of political defections has been a matter of national concern. If it is not combated, it is likely to undermine the very foundations of our democracy and the ...
Vietnam Wants Western Politicians, Not Western Politics  Foreign PolicyAs the orange man meets the rocket man this week, the venue is also drawing attention. Vietnam, the host for U.S. President Donald Trump and North Korean ...
The great political parachute  AxiosSure, the market for Democratic presidential candidates is getting a little saturated. So why are some Democrats still thinking of jumping in? Because there's ...
Manohar Parrikar, an unassuming IITian in politics  Economic TimesGoa Chief Minister and former defence minister Manohar Parrikar was one of the most down-to-earth, unassuming leaders who had no airs about him despite ...
For Trump, attacking McCain is a way to appeal to his political base  The Washington PostRepublican leaders gasped again this week at President Trump's conduct, expressing horror at his scathing criticism of John McCain, the late Arizona senator ...
The politics of hate  The Saturday PaperThe Australian white supremacist who allegedly massacred 50 Muslims while they were at Friday prayers in Christchurch, New Zealand has recast the political ...
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez is not the ‘second most talked-about politician in America’  The Washington PostRep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez does not have the national presence of someone who's been in office for less than three months and in politics for only about a ...
Sharad Pawar accuses PM Modi of not attending political party meet after Pulwama attack  Economic TimesNCP chief Sharad Pawar on Sunday accused Prime Minister Narendra Modi of not attending a meeting of political parties convened by the government after the ...
Trudeau Promised a Fresh Approach to Politics. Now He’s Embroiled in Scandal.  The New York TimesTORONTO — Prime Minister Justin Trudeau of Canada promised a *fresh* approach to politics, one that was based on openness, decency and liberalism. Now he ...
Secret Cabinet Office document reveals chaotic planning for no-deal Brexit  The GuardianExclusive: paper says 'critical phase' could last months as fears rise over disruption to transport and food supplies. Nick Hopkins. Fri 22 Mar 2019 13.21 EDT ...
Kamala Harris makes a point in Houston: It’s not just O’Rourke and Sanders who can draw crowds  The Washington PostHOUSTON — Sen. Kamala D. Harris made the first major policy announcement of her campaign Saturday, promising to use federal dollars to boost teachers' ...
Is racism eroding our democracy? - Australian politics live podcast  The GuardianAfter the Christchurch shooting there has been a lot of reflection on the language used in politics and the media when talking about different cultures. The former ...
From Visionary to Chowkidar – Political Messaging Then and Now  The WireCompared to Modi's 2014 campaign, this time there is no talk of the economy – rural or urban – or even of taking credit for low inflation, but only of 'igniting the ...
Uri to Thackeray: Bollywoods bet on political movies gets mixed response  Business StandardThe first quarter for Bollywood is traditionally a weaker one; however, this time the outlook was optimistic, given the slew of topical films set for release in the light ...
Labour ‘will ban’ outsourcing of public services to private firms  The GuardianPrivate companies will be banned by a Labour government from running services that deal with vulnerable people and their rights, under a far-reaching plan to ...
Opinion | Politics is religion, and the right is getting ready for the end times  The Washington PostAs politics has become a religion in so many lives, political discourse has taken on theological overtones. I am not referring to President Trump's accusation of a ...
Brexit is not the cause of Britain’s political breakdown. It’s a symptom  The GuardianWe are an international laughing stock at the moment. But something like this has been coming for decades, writes Guardian columnist Gary Younge.
After A Chaotic Week In Brexit Politics, Here's What You Need To Know  NPRBrexit has convulsed the United Kingdom like no other political event in decades, but it can be hard to follow the day-to-day machinations. At the end of a chaotic ...
YouTuber accused of triggering rape threats could stand for Ukip  The GuardianUkip is expected to choose a controversial YouTube activist, who has been accused of triggering rape threats against a Labour MP, as a candidate if Britain ...
Hasan Minhaj decided to talk Indian politics, and Twitter can't keep calm  Economic TimesIndian-American comedian Hasan Minhaj's show 'Patriot Act' on Netflix has always been centered around sociopolitical topics. From censorship in China to the ...
Israel Lobby Convenes in Washington Amid Fraying Bipartisanship and Rising Tension  The New York TimesOn the surface, the annual Aipac conference looks relatively unchanged. But recent actions by President Trump and rising criticism of Israel on the left are taking ...
Accused college admission scammers dig deep for bipartisan political donations  Fox NewsA Fox News analysis of political donations by the 50 individuals charged in the college admissions scandal shows that alleged corruption appears to know no ...
Thai Court Disbands Political Party For Nominating A Princess As Its Candidate  NPRA court in Thailand has voted unanimously to dissolve an opposition political party that nominated a princess as its sole candidate for prime minister, raising ...
Jon Meacham: Mueller's report will shape American politics for years  MSNBCPresidential historian Jon Meacham says he believes the Mueller report 'will shape who we are' and 'have significant implications going forward.'
'Influenced by politics': Economists slam India for tweaking data  Al Jazeera EnglishIn open letter, 108 economists say Indian statistics were 'being influenced and controlled by political considerations'.
What Shah Faesal Said While Launching a New Political Party in Kashmir  The WireThe former IAS officer has promised to bridge the gap between Pakistan and India to find a peaceful resolution to the Kashmir dispute.
Technology and political will can create better governance  The EconomistThis is the sixth, and last, in our series of opinion pieces on how to fix democracy. CURRENT FORMS of democracy exclude most people from political ...
Former IAS officer Aparajita Sarangi puts in long hours as politician too  Economic TimesNot much seems to have changed for Aparajita Sarangi since she quit the Indian Administrative Services in September last year to join politics. At 9 am, when ET ...
Political swing song: Rahul turns on Mamata di, Shiv Sena's love-hate alliance with BJP  India TodayThe biggest highlight of the election season has to be what leaders say during their campaigns. We at Indiatoday.in feel it is important to to keep track of these ...
Ontario's Al Gore: Dalton McGuinty brings post-politics passion to London speech  The London Free PressThe camaraderie and the “privilege and the joy of public *service*,” he says. But Saturday, during a speaking engagement at a Western University environmental ...
Shining on Tourist Maps, Missing from Politics: How Andamans, Lakshadweep Struggle to Find Place in India...  News18The electoral irrelevance of the islands of Andaman & Nicobar and Lakshadweep is, perhaps, part of the larger problem of politics and policy being ...
George Osborne calls for long delay in Brexit process  The GuardianGeorge Osborne has said that MPs are being asked “to deliver something impossible” in leaving the EU without damaging Britain, calling for a long delay in the ...
Moved by PM Modi’s Views on Dynastic Politics, BJP Leader’s Son Withdraws from Lok Sabha Race  News18He claimed his name was included in the panel of probable candidates for three Lok Sabha seats of Khajuraho, Sagar and Damoh and expressed gratitude ...
Leaver go-slow on roads leads to prosecutions  The GuardianPolice stop leaders of dawdling convoys that were intended to cause 'gridlock' in pursuit of 29 March Brexit date. Press Association. Sat 23 Mar 2019 01.48 EDT ...
Almost 40% of Americans want a third political party, even if they don't like the candidates  CNNEven if they're down on the independent candidates being presented to them, nearly 40% of Americans think a third political party is needed to fix the political ...
Bette Midler and Judith Light Join Ryan Murphy’s ‘The Politician’ on Netflix  VarietyBette Midler and Judith Light will guest star on the two seasons of "The Politician," created by Ryan Murphy for Netflix.
Pathetic, incoherent, chaotic: Europe's verdict on Brexit shambles  The GuardianUK's reputation for diplomacy, pragmatism and self-restraint has all but gone, say politicians and officials across EU.
Are Beto and Amy O'Rourke the future of politics or the past?  The Washington PostBeto's campaign for president has put his marriage in the spotlight, showcasing a relationship that is at once the most modern and most traditional of any 2020 ...
Political competition is moderating Texas Republicans  The EconomistTHE KEY TO understanding Texas is the state Capitol in Austin. It is there that legislators meet only every other year to pass new laws and set the state budget.
New Mueller probe revelations explain Trump's rage  CNNPresident Donald Trump looks -- and is acting -- rattled and encircled by the Russia investigation. And a series of *fresh* disclosures on Tuesday show there is ...
EXCLUSIVE: From Yasin Malik to dynastic politics of PDP & NC, Sajad Lone lays bare the socio-political atmosphere of Jammu and Kashmir  Republic WorldWedged in bitter border disputes, Kashmir has often been a witness to Kashmiri Intifada (Kashmiri insurgency), political turmoil and an ascend of ...
Politics Podcast: Which 2020 Candidates Have Had The Best Rollouts So Far?  FiveThirtyEightThe Democratic primary field is taking shape. In this episode of the FiveThirtyEight Politics podcast, the crew debates which candidates have done the best job ...
The Deepening ‘Racialization’ of American Politics  The New York TimesIn 1992, before Bill Clinton became “our first black president,” before Newt Gingrich's “Republican revolution,” before the advent of Barack Obama, I wrote a book ...
Marching has returned as a force in British politics  The EconomistTHE GREAT achievement of parliamentary democracy is to take politics off the streets. In the 18th and early 19th centuries Britain was a land of people on the ...

US Government Sore Losers in Not So Neighborly Dispute

I'm getting a little tired of being lectured by that... Read More

Open Source and Post-Capitalistic Society

Capitalism as the social structure was founded in order to... Read More

The Dawn On The Nile Valley Has Secrets To Tell! (2)

Submiting the Criminals to The ICC!Everybody concerns about justice in... Read More

FTC Franchise Disclosure Law Invites Violations; Do Not Call Lists

The Federal trade Commission has a rule, which says that... Read More

The Ugly American Returns!

Originally published in 1958, "The Ugly American" (Lederer & Burdick)... Read More

If Terrorists Are To Become Slick Politicians, Yhey Need Time Rather Than God on Their Side

The number of countries in the world at the moment... Read More

Joseph Campbell - Permanent Human Values

At the start of the US involvement in WWII Joseph... Read More

Ethanol, Water, Pollution, North Korea and Free Trade

Ethanol is a great way to produce fuel, great fuel... Read More

Council of Six

The head of the Club of Rome has said that... Read More

RFID: Californias Identity Information Protection Act

Utah introduced a bill designed to limit the use of... Read More

Should the Government Compensate the Clients of TAT?

This, of course, is a political decision. There is no... Read More

Transporting Troops in the Future

Currently when we transport troops we use large cargo planes... Read More

Computer Cyber virus attack from hackers

Recently the CIA staged a practice simulation of a cyber... Read More

Confession of a King

Rufus King: (Said to be the fifth most important person... Read More

Foreign Spies Troll Gay Bars in Washington DC for National Secrets

The use of homosexual men in the area of espionage... Read More

Dont Trade Rights for Security

"Those who sacrifice essential liberty for temporary safety are not... Read More

TSA Missteps at Our Airports

The TSA seems to have completely missed the ball at... Read More

FTC Franchise Rule Making Sound and Fury in the Sand Box of Free Markets

Today we have a new franchise report from the Federal... Read More

Asking For Proof in the Economic Pudding

There are no stupid questions, only stupid people. Ask an... Read More

High Speed Trains and The Future of Transportation

Where are all the high-speed trains we were promised? Where... Read More

People Say ? and Do ? the Dumbest Things

When Pennsylvania Senator Arlen Spector exercised his right to free... Read More

Public Schools Are Un-American

Compulsory-attendance laws force parents to send their children to public... Read More

Fuel Prices and Trucking; A Reality Check On What Drives America

It appears we are having a terrible situation with the... Read More

Bio Attack Nation Unready

We are told by out leadership that we risk loss... Read More

The Cost of the COLD WAR

Many people who are expert in the issue of the... Read More