Are All Dementias Alzheimer?s?

I'm surprised when some patients and caregivers confuse dementia and Alzheimer's as one and the same. Each time a family member is suffering from memory loss, the conclusion is always Alzheimer's. Is it reasonable to label all dementias as Alzheimer's?

As a clinician, my answer to queries is that Alzheimer's dementia is only one type of dementia and that not all dementias are Alzheimer's. Aside from Alzheimer's disease, other dementias exist such as Dementia with lewy body, Vascular dementia, Parkinson's disease with dementia, and dementias due to various neurologic and medical conditions.

How will you know if a person is suffering from Alzheimer's dementia? What is Alzheimer's dementia?

Alzheimer's dementia is a neurologic disorder characterized by a progressive and irreversible cognitive decline associated with impairment in functioning. The cognitive deterioration consists of memory impairment. Initially there is recent memory impairment but as the disease progresses, even the long term memory is affected.

In addition to memory impairment, a patient with dementia has impairment in one of four cognitive areas: aphasia, apraxia, agnosia, and impairment in executive functioning. Aphasia is a problem in language characterized by inability to express oneself, repeat words or phrases, or understand what is being said. Apraxia is inability to adequately perform a usual motor activity such as combing the hair or brushing the teeth despite no paralysis or musculoskeletal abnormality.

Agnosia is inability to recognize objects or things despite no sensory deficits. For instance, a demented patient cannot recognize a key or a pen placed in his or her hands without looking at it.

Impairment in executive functioning is characterized by difficulty in abstract reasoning and in organizing things, schedule, and activities. Patients with this problem give concrete meaning to proverbs. For example, when a patient is asked what "don't cry over spilled milk" means, the patient responds, "It's easy. Just wipe it!" Moreover, knowing the specific similarities and differences of certain things (e.g. apple versus orange) is a struggle for some patients.

What are the possible causes of Alzheimer's?

The cause of Alzheimer is still unknown. However, several risk factors have been identified. One major risk factor is age. The risk of developing dementia increases as our age advances. Older individuals therefore are more at risk. Having said this, Alzheimer's can also happen to young individuals.

Other important risk factors include the presence of apolipoprotein E4 allele, the predominance of plaques and tangles in the brain, and the brain's impaired cholinergic system.

Is there any successful treatment for Alzheimer's?

Alzheimer's disease is irreversible so current medications are only geared to slow down the deterioration. These acetylcholisterase inhibitors, namely galantamine, rivastigmine, and donepezil, are aimed at improving the cholinergic functioning in the brain by inhibiting the cholinesterase enzyme. Although initially indicated for mild to moderate dementia, some recent evidence shows that some of these drugs may also benefit patients with moderate to severe dementia. Further studies are warranted to determine its efficacy in this group.

Copyright © 2004. All rights reserved. Dr. Michael G. Rayel ? author (First Aid to Mental Illness?Finalist, Reader's Preference Choice Award 2002), psychiatrist, and inventor of Oikos Game: An Emotional Intelligence Game. For info, visit http://www.oikosglobal.com and http://www.soardime.com

In The News:

Negative Psychology  Psychology TodayWherever you turn, be it the pop-psychology section at bookstores, self-help gurus, or even personal growth seminars, the proponents of positive psychology will ...
5 Reasons Why Women and Men Care About Big Muscles  Psychology TodayWhy do women and men care so much about big, strong muscles? The answers will surprise you.
Three Fallacies About the Brain and Gender  Psychology TodayDoes studying the brain contribute usefully to discussions of gender inequality?
Study shows how type of delivery can affect twins' psychological development  News-Medical.netA research team of the University of Malaga in the area of Medicine and Psychology has analyzed for the first time the effect of the type of delivery on twins' ...
The Type of Birth Delivery May Impact the Psychological Development of Twins  Interesting EngineeringThe authors of the study believe that there could be a correlation between twins born by cesarean section and poor cognitive development compared to twins ...
About 92 Per Cent Psychology Students Agree Being Influenced By Social Media  BW BusinessworldThe survey was conducted among 4000 psychology students from over 200 students across 10 cities in India. , , psychology, survey.
More Psychology Push to Validate Polyamory  National ReviewWhatever happened to the virtue of self-restraint? That's so old school, Wesley! Just ask the psychology establishment that apparently wants to corrode the ...
Psychology Stories: Children  CounterPunchIf you are overcome by the horrific crimes against the humanity of children and then wonder how this can be, it may help to understand stories that adults tell ...
Why We Love Advice Columns, According to Psychologists  TIMETaking someone else's advice, even when you ask for it, is difficult. Entire studies have been conducted just to understand the widespread phenomenon of ...
What Does Space Do to an Astronaut's Brain?  Psychology TodayLast night, on the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 launch, I strolled down to the National Mall for a show that paid tribute to the groundbreaking 1969 mission ...
The Psychology of Black Panther: ‘T’Challa Was A Leader Who Cared About His People.’  BETPanelist talked Black Panther at the 2019 San Diego Comic-Con.
Are Psychiatric Diagnoses Meaningless? Not So Fast  Psychology TodayA recent English study published in the journal Psychiatry Research concluded that psychiatric diagnoses are scientifically worthless and that the DSM system ...
A grimly compelling study of the psychology of fanaticism  The EconomistUnderstanding the suicide wave in Germany in 1945.
Does psychology have a conflict-of-interest problem?  Nature.comSome star psychologists don't disclose in research papers the large sums they earn for talking about their work. Is that a concern?
FaceApp May Help Unlock a Genuine Psychological Benefit for Users  InverseAmong the pantheon of internet time-wasters, you could do a lot worse than the FaceApp Challenge, the current meme of the moment which involves sharing an ...
PYSO: Tour de France stage 15 - Psychology  VeloNewsIt's the 15th stage of the Tour de France. Everyone's tired. But today's racing was absolute full-on from kilometer zero to the final mountaintop meters. Bobby and ...
The Psychology Of WeWork's Success  ForbesHaving an office space that is both literally and metaphorically open allows for our teams' strengths to build off of one another.
Amazon Prime Day deals: the psychology of sales  Vox.comDiscounts make us think we're getting a good deal. But are we really?
Infographic: Psychology of Color In Branding Infographic  EntrepreneurInfographic on how psychology of color can affect your branding based on color theory and its principles.
What Psilocybin Could Mean for End-of-Life Care  Psychology TodayBy Gordon Waldman. For over three decades, Anthony Bossis has been interested in religion, mysticism, end-of-life experiences, and palliative care—which ...
What's More Addicting Than Chocolate? You Might Be Surprised  Psychology TodayDid you ever wonder which foods are most addicting, and what psychological traits are associated with people who say they can't stop eating them? For me, this ...
Bystander effect: Famous psychology result could be completely wrong  New Scientist NewsIf you were being attacked, would anyone stop to help you? A famous result in psychology known as the bystander effect says probably not, but now a review of ...
Clinical psychologists to strike amid staff shortages in Southland  Stuff.co.nzClinical psychologists employed by the Southern District Health Board have voted to hold a five week strike for a pay rise to improve staff retention.
The Curse of “Emotional Needs”  Psychology TodayThe idea of "emotional needs" is one of the more harmful notions of pop psychology. The term came into popular discourse in the 1980s, as part of what is ...
Psychologists on the most important workplace dynamics  LaddersAs most people spend a good amount of their waking lives at work, the workplace should be one of the primary communities that you can feel supported by.
Why We See What We Want to See  Psychology TodayObi-Wan Kenobi once advised Luke Skywalker to not trust his eyes, because “your eyes can deceive you.” Most of us can recall an instance from our own ...
Four Lifestyle Choices May Offset Risk of Cognitive Decline  Psychology TodayHealthy lifestyle behaviors may offset someone's genetic risk of dementia according to a new study, "Association of Lifestyle and Genetic Risk With Incidence of ...
Creativity Is More Than Just Coming Up with Ideas  Psychology TodayCreativity is not just thinking of new ideas. The key to creativity is action.
How You Hold a Baby May Say Something About Your Personality  Psychology TodayHere's a question: If 90 percent of people are right-handed (which they are), why do the majority of women prefer to hold their baby on their left side?
Amy Arnsten appointed the Kent Professor of Neuroscience and of Psychology  Yale NewsAmy F.T. Arnsten, recently named as the Albert E. Kent Professor of Neuroscience and of Psychology, studies molecular influences on higher cognitive function, ...
The Psychology Of Fortnite's Battle Pass  ForbesThree simple psychological principles that help get players to pay for the Fortnite Battle Pass.
10 Things Not to Do with Narcissists  Psychology TodayHow should you cope with the manipulations and self-aggrandizement of narcissistic people? Here are 10 things not to do.
How Seriously Should I Take Your Theory?  Psychology TodayDo you love popular psychology books, but wonder how to understand the theories they present? Let's think it through together.
A Look at Behavior after "Big Five" Personality Test Proven Unreliable  The Great Courses Daily NewsThe "Big Five" personality test appears to be less reliable than thought. So what is a personality and how is it studied?
Psychologist reveals crippling confessions of childless women in their 40s  9HoneyWe don't all want to have children. Childbirth is bad enough, let alone a lifetime of bills, worries and de...
New Study Suggests Bystander Apathy Is Not the Norm  Psychology TodayThe notion of safety in numbers was abandoned after the Kitty Genovese story and bystander research. Now new revelations and research may suggest we ...
11 Keys to Defeat the Inner Gaslighter & Make Better Choices  Psychology TodayBeing curious and candid about our own vulnerabilities equips us to better protect ourselves, and to know who to open up to when we're ready.
Psychology of why Elizabeth Warren gives such great speeches  Business InsiderSuccessful leaders can toggle between abstract and concrete, vision and execution. Psychologists call it "level of construal."
The Psychology of Creativity  Psychology TodayNavigating the tension between process and product is a key aspect of the creative life.
Rebuilding After a Gaslighting or Narcissistic Relationship  Psychology TodayRebuilding after a gaslighting or narcissistic relationship can seem like a huge mountain to climb. Learn how to more effectively cope and help yourself heal.
Have Gender Stereotypes Changed Since the Mid-20th Century?  Psychology TodayGender-based stereotypes about American women have evolved in some positive ways regarding "competence and intelligence" since 1946, according to a ...
Are the Top Dogs on the Social Ladder Targets of Aggression?  Psychology TodayBoth dogs and humans have social hierarchies, but dogs do not respond to differences in social rank in the same way that people do.
Relationship between cesarean section and twins' psychological development  Medical XpressA research team of the University of Malaga (UMA) in the area of Medicine and Psychology has analyzed the effect of the type of delivery on twins' psychological ...
A New Review of Psilocybin Microdosing Cools the Hype  Psychology TodayA new review of the history and current state of "microdosing" psychedelics unearths more questions than answers.
Revolutionary psychology  International Socialism JournalA review of Carl Ratner and Daniele Nunes Henrique Silva (eds), Vygotsky and Marx: Toward a Marxist Psychology (Routledge, 2017), £33.99. Lev Vygotsky ...
The Real Reason Some People Get Hooked on Slot Machines  Psychology TodayResearch on "dark flow" reveals that, for some people, the appeal of slots might have little to do with money.
How Elon Musk's Neuralink Plans to Unify the Brain with AI  Psychology TodayIs Neuralink's goal of AI and brain symbiosis humanity's next chapter? Yesterday, Musk unveiled aspirations to connect the human brain with AI via the ...
The Psychological Impact of Seeing YouTubers Spend Millions  WIREDFlexing on video has become incredibly popular. But their excess consumerism could be harming their viewers' well-being.
BPS welcomes funding announcement for psychology research | BPS  The British Psychological SocietyPsychology research in British universities is to receive the same level of funding, under the Research Excellence Framework (REF) 2021, as research in other ...
What Really Determines Your Peace of Mind?  Psychology TodayThe Stoic philosophers of Rome and Greece were right—we can find contentment no matter the circumstances.
What is ‘motivated tactician’ in Psychology  The HinduThis refers to an individual who alternates between sloppy thinking and more careful analytical thinking depending on his level of motivation. The idea of the ...
Leaning on Others to Become More Independent  Psychology TodayWho teens rely on for help, and when, may predict when they reach milestones of adulthood.
Eminent psychologists condemn "emotion detection" systems as being grounded in junk science  Boing BoingOne of the more extravagant claims made by tech companies is that they can detect emotions by analyzing photos of our faces with machine learning systems.
Music Participation Is Linked to Teens' Academic Achievement  Psychology TodayStudents who participate in school music programs score significantly higher on science, math, and English exams than peers, according to a new study.
Reinventing the (Dharma) Wheel  Psychology TodayStudying the surprisingly diverse ways psychotherapists have approached Buddhist traditions in the past isn't only fascinating—it can also deeply inform clinical ...
Are We Intuitively Honest or Dishonest?  Psychology TodayRecent research suggests that people are intuitively dishonest, but only if the dishonesty does not harm concrete others.
The First Moon Landing Wasn't Just a Space Event  Psychology TodayCelebrating the 50th anniversary of the moon landing stirs up more memories than those of Armstrong's first step.
Mantra: A Powerful Way to Improve Your Well-Being  Psychology TodaySeveral years ago, I was working with a patient that was so chronically angry it was painful and a little terrifying to sit in a room with him for 45 minutes at a time.
The surprising psychological effects of FaceApp's old age filter  Business InsiderThe app might have psychological effects, both good and bad, for the user, including perpetuating the downsides of being old.
This clinical psychologist is making sports inclusive  LivemintDivyanshu Ganatra says sport in our country gets the least funding, disability far lesser. There's no mention of it in the corporate social responsibility of ...
Mental Health Psychologist Job in Hampton, Virginia - Department of Veterans Affairs  LemonWireThe United States government is a massive employer, and is always looking for qualified candidates to fill a wide variety of open employment positions in ...
8 Reasons to Try Low-Carb for Mental Health  Psychology TodayStabilizing blood sugar and lowering insulin levels can take your brain off of the internal hormonal and neurotransmitter roller coaster caused by most modern ...
How Does Something Become a Moral Issue?  Psychology TodayThere are many things we choose to do or not to do that don't seem to tap into our moral sense. What factors turn an issue into a moral issue?
Covert Tactics Manipulators Use to Control and Confuse You  Psychology TodayKnow your enemy when dealing with abusers and manipulators. Learn their hidden agenda, covert tactics, and how to respond effectively.
Follow the Leader  Psychology Today[I am] a simple, humble worker in the vineyard of the Lord. –Joseph Ratzinger, on becoming Pope Benedict XVI. Follow the leader. Do as I do. When I've had my ...
How to Stop Emotional Overeating When You Just Don't Care  Psychology TodayMost people think they can't eat healthy when they don't care, but in this intriguing article, Dr. Livingston suggests you can use apathy and indifference to drive ...
What is ‘medical students’ syndrome’ in psychology?  The HinduAlso known as the intern's syndrome or the medical school syndrome, this refers to a phenomenon wherein students of medicine who learn about a new disease ...
The psychological reasons behind why Trump behaves the way he does — and how the American public can break free  The IndependentAmbassador Kim's opinion of the Trump administration — in which leaked emails detailed issues of ineptitude and the disbelief that any improvement was ...
What Scientists Are Learning from a Dancing Cockatoo  Psychology TodayNew research explores why Snowball the dancing cockatoo's 14 human-like dance moves may make him unique in the animal kingdom.
7 Reasons to Feel Confident About Throwing in the Towel  Psychology TodayFeeling bad about waving the white flag? Here's why it's sometimes best to throw in the towel.
The Psychology Behind Yiddish Literature  Tablet MagazineRokhl's Golden City: How trauma informed Blume Lempel's stories.
Top US Psychology Group Pushes Polyamory, Sex with NO Boundaries  CBN NewsIn the 1960s, the popular saying was, "If it feels good, do it." Now the American Psychological Association has created a task force on what it calls "consensual ...
Psychological Impact Of Genetic Testing - Like All Psychology, It Depends  Science 2.0Population level metrics such as Body Mass Index (BMI) or statistical correlation using epidemiology don't do much to inform individual experience, and ...
Mental Illness: Brain Disease or Gut Disease?  Psychology TodayMental illness has long been attributed to a chemical imbalance in the brain. But research suggests that an imbalance of gut microorganisms may play a causal ...
Psychopathic, Sociopathic, or Antisocial Personality?  Psychology TodayA good indication of how much we still have to learn about the nature of psychopathy is the confusion that surrounds the labels people apply to the condition.
How to Build Ethical Artificial Intelligence  Psychology TodayThe field of artificial intelligence is exploding with projects such as IBM Watson, DeepMind's AlphaZero, and voice recognition used in virtual assistants including ...
Do You Keep Dating the Same Type of Person?  Psychology TodayKeep dating the wrong person? Here's what you can do to end unhealthy relationship patterns.
CSN Mesquite Course Spotlight – Psychology 101  Mesquite Local NewsPosted by Special to the MLN | Jul 17, 2019 | Community Announcements, Schools, Top Stories | 0. CSN Mesquite Course Spotlight – Psychology 101. College ...
Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, and the New Science of Hope  Psychology TodayJune is Alzheimer's and Brain Awareness Month. One could argue that awareness of neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's ...
How Many Words Do Children Need?  Psychology TodayAt my town's public library, one wall of the children's section displays posters declaring, “Babies need words every day,” encouraging me to sing, talk, and read ...
Here are 5 psychological reasons Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez's bartender past gets brought up again and again  Business InsiderPsychologically, wealthier people are more likely to see themselves as "better" than working-class people to justify their status.
Superhero psychology: fans of Harry Potter and Batman cope  San Diego Reader#“Janina Scarlet is a real-life superhero with an origin story to rival any Marvel character. After surviving a childhood radiation spill [at Chernobyl], she moved ...
The Lutheran Home Collaborates with Associated Clinic of Psychology  BelleplaineheraldThe Lutheran Home in Belle Plaine recently announced collaboration with Associated Clinic of Psychology (ACP), a leading national provider on ...
New Research: Why Religions Promote Sexual Conservatism  Psychology TodayDoes religious belief lead to conservative sexual values, or do people seek religion to bolster their initial preferences for monogamy? New research yields a ...
How top golfers use psychology to keep calm  The Golf BusinessWhilst golf is already considered by many to be one of the most difficult sports on the planet, there's much more to the game than simply managing to hit the ball ...
Young Girls Reject Mattel’s “Curvy” Barbie  Psychology TodayA new study reveals that 3-10 year-old girls tend to reject the new “curvy” Barbie, calling her “not pretty” and describing her as less likely to have friends.
Jealousy or Compersion?  Psychology TodayImagine yourself in this scenario: you are in a long-term relationship, and one day you discover that your partner is pursuing a relationship with someone else.
The psychological phenomenon that blinds Trump supporters to his racism  The Washington PostPresident Trump's tweet proposing that four Democratic congresswomen of color — three of them born in the United States, one a naturalized citizen — “go ...
What Psychology Offers Christians Amid Political Polarization  ChristianityToday.comUnprepared for all the political drama after the 2016 election, a number of churches split up over disagreements on whether Christians should support President ...
Psychologists vote to strike, will not work overtime for five weeks  Stuff.co.nzMore than 600 psychologists across 17 district health boards have voted to strike for the first time, banning working overtime hours for five weeks. APEX, the ...
The Barrage of Bad News About Climate Change Is Triggering 'Eco-Anxiety,' Psychologists Say  Live ScienceAccording to psychologists, anxiety, grief, and despair about the state of the environment is nothing new. It even has a name: eco-anxiety.
World Service - Health Check, The psychology of motivation and procrastination  BBC NewsRecorded live at the Cheltenham Science Festival, Claudia discusses procrastination, why we do it and some of the best ways to motivate ourselves to achieve ...
The Relationship Problems Created by Personality Disorders  Psychology TodayFor people with personality disorders, relationships can present a challenge. New research examines attachment style's role in creating those relationship ...
The psychological reasons certain games feel like coming home  PolygonGames do interesting things to your brain, but why do certain areas in certain games feel like coming home? Let's analyze The Legend of Zelda: Breath of the ...
Bottas rules out resorting to psychologist like Rosberg  Motorsport.comValtteri Bottas has rejected suggestions that he could emulate Nico Rosberg and use a sports psychologist to help him win his fight with his Mercedes Formula 1 ...
Clinical Psychologist (Drug Abuse Program Coordinator) Job in Yazoo City, Mississippi - Department of Justice  LemonWireThe United States government is a massive employer, and is always looking for qualified candidates to fill a wide variety of open employment positions in ...
Math challenges? A school psychologist could help  The Conversation - CanadaChildren's perspectives on math develop at a very young age and have longstanding effects, so it matters that families and teachers promote positive ...
A Radical Proposal to Transform Scientific Review  Psychology TodayWhat does it mean to flip scientific review? Should you do it, too? A bold proposal from a leader of the scientific reform movement.
Why We Fear Face Recognition Technology  Psychology TodayIf you think surveillance cameras are creepy, imagine how you'll feel with face recognition technology.
Do Any of These Sleep Myths Impact You?  Psychology TodaySleep has always been a source of mystery—and despite increased focus on the subject, misconceptions are still very common.

Nature VS Nurture - Theories of Personality in 21st Century

Nature vs Nurture theories have wasted a lot of energy... Read More

Mind Over Matter - Proven

THE ACTS OF CREATION:The following quote is a review I... Read More

On Empathy

The Encyclopaedia Britannica (1999 edition) defines empathy as:"The ability to... Read More

Christian Psychotherapy for Convicts?

Repeated research studies have revealed that secular efforts at rehabilitation... Read More

What is the Addictions Recovery Measurement System?

As I climbed 15-feet on a wooden ladder to the... Read More

Cult De-Programming?

The following good work from a person engaged in trying... Read More

Rediscovering the Mind

From the viewpoint of a modern microbiologist, we hear the... Read More

Solution Focus Process: Solution Talk vs. Problem Talk Pt I

Solution Talk vs. Problem TalkProblem talk, of course, is talk... Read More

Precognition or Circadian Rhythm?

The bodies natural clock or circadian rhythm seems to have... Read More

Hypnosis: A Brief History

Evidence of hypnotic-like phenomena appears in many ancient cultures. The... Read More

What is the Theory of Multiple Intelligences? Part 2: Cultural Influence

Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences developed as he worked... Read More

Emotional Intelligence: The Basics

There's so much talk about emotional intelligence and how it... Read More

On Dis-ease

We are all terminally ill. It is a matter of... Read More

A Jungian Approach to Mental Illness

All of us suffer from some form of emotional distress... Read More

Intro to Being an ADHD Parent

In my fifteen years of private practice working with children... Read More

Serial Killers

Countess Erszebet Bathory was a breathtakingly beautiful, unusually well-educated woman,... Read More

Dogs Use Psycho-Cybernetics To Accomplish Goals

Dogs picture in their minds an event of an activity... Read More

Human Psychological Issues in the Recruitment of Suicide Bombers

Swedish Scientists did a study and found that young men... Read More

You, I and We

Our life in society hovers around the concept of 'You?I?... Read More

Get Out of Jail Free: Stop Being Defensive

When Marcus and Sally first met they immediately felt like... Read More

The Special Secret of Intuition

The limbic systemNerve impulses were known to relay feelings and... Read More

Time Out of Mind

Let us first consider the role of time in our... Read More

Accepting New Ideas

Much of the time when a new idea comes to... Read More

The Iron Mask - The Common Sources of Personality Disorders

Do all personality disorders have a common psychodynamic source?To what... Read More

Metaphors of the Mind (Part I)

The brain (and, by implication, the Mind) has been compared... Read More