Ericksons Theory of Human Development

I'm sure you've heard the term "Identity Crisis" before. It's thought of as a conflict of self and society and its introduction came from one of the most famous psychoanalyst of the 20th century.

Sigmund Freud is probably the most familiar name that comes to mind when one thinks of famous psychologists. His basic foundation theories of instinct, phallic symbol obsession and oedipal complexes are prevalent in almost every artistic aspect of our culture. However, it was a friend and fellow psychoanalyst of Freud's, Erik Erickson, who created one of the major theories that open a window to the development of everything that makes us who we are on the inside. It is referred to as Erickson's Theory of Human Development and it simplifies the complex topic of human personality.

First, let's talk about the man himself. Erik Homberger was born in Frankfurt, Germany in 1902. The conditions under which he began life give a great deal of insight into his obsession with identity. He was challenged with it from the stat. His parents weren't married and his Danish father left before Erik was born. His Jewish mother married Erik's pediatrician when he was three. Erik had Nordic features; he was tall, blond and had blue eyes. Neither the Jewish children at temple nor the German children at school accepted him.

As he grew up, psychology and art began to interest Erik and led him to various institutes including one where he was psychoanalyzed by Anna Freud, wife of Sigmund. Both later became close friends to Erickson. When the Nazis came to power, Erik moved to Boston where he studied child psychoanalysis and was influenced by many psychologists and anthropologists Mead, but many famous psychologists and anthropologists.

He is considered a Freudian ego-psychologist, meaning he takes the basic foundation of Freud's theories, but veers away by focus on social and cultural orientation. Erickson's theory closely ties personality growth with parental and societal values. His 1950 book, Childhood and Society, is considered a classic in its field.

There are eight stages of human development, each focusing on a different conflict that we need to solve in order to development successfully into the next stage of our lives. The idea is that if we don't resolve each stage or we choose the wrong of two choices, our ability to deal with the consecutive stages is impaired and the failure will return to us at some point later in life.

Stage One: Oral Sensory
Ages: Birth To 12-18 Months
Conflict: Trust vs Mistrust
The infant's bond with their primary caregiver is about trust and love. The connection with that person (usually Mommy) allows them to feel like they are safe and can rely on the person who is basically the only thing they know. It's about touch and being there and can be seen in that tender stare they give you as you feed them.

Stage Two: Muscular Anal
Ages: 18 Months To 3 Years
Conflict: Autonomy vs Doubt
This stage focuses on self control and self confidence and Erickson gives toilet training as the greatest example of this conflict. He also points out that this is the stage where an overprotective parent can do the most damage. The child wants autonomy. We're all familiar with the two hour wait because they have to tie their own shoes. We wait because in this stage, failure to reinforce these efforts will lead the child to doubt themselves and your trust in them.

Stage Three: Locomotor
Ages: 3 To 6 Years
Conflict: Initiative vs Guilt
This is all about independence and letting the child exert his/her initiative. This is the stage where carrying your car keys or helping Mommy in any way possible is very important. They are developing a sense of responsibility and limitations. They will try to do things they can't and the response the parent gives them, encouragement or refusal, will allow the child to understand limitations without guilt.

Stage Four: Latency
Ages: 6 To 12 Years
Conflict: Industry vs Inferiority
This is about completion. Before this stage, we're all familiar with the child beginning to do something, but then snap; he drops it and is on to something else. In this stage, completion and the pleasure it brings becomes crucial. This is greatly influenced by their introduction to school beyond day care. It is the coming together of mental and physical capabilities as well. Parents need to encourage their child to handle the different experiences of a home atmosphere and the atmosphere at school among others.

Stage Five: Adolescence
Ages: 12 To 18 Years
Conflict: Identity vs Role Confusion
This stage could be a book in itself; the teenage years. They are hard on everyone, but especially the child herself. They are aware that they will become a contributor to society (industry) and the search for who they are drives their actions and thoughts. The desire to know what it is they want and believe separate from what they've adopted from their parents is crucial to their self confidence.

Stage Six: Young Adulthood
Ages: 19 To 40 Years
Conflict: Psychosocial Development
Love relationships dominate this stage for all of us and relies heavily on our ability to solve the conflicts faced in stage five. Can you be intimate? Can you be open? Can you commit? Intimacy is referred to as the ability to make a personal commitment and doesn't necessarily mean sex. Personal commitment, met with mutual satisfaction, make this a successful stage. If unable to handle this stage, an adult will resort to isolation.

Stage Seven: Middle Adulthood
Ages: 40 To 65 Years
Conflict: Generativity vs Stagnation
The words are getting bigger, but stay with me. Generativity is our ability to care for someone else which is mostly displayed in parenting. Specifically, it's the ability to direct someone into society and the next generation. We don't focus on death, but we begin to understand that we are high in the order of society and owe society something. If we haven't dealt with our previous conflicts, we become stagnant and our lives won't exhibit anything we can look back on.

Stage Eight: Maturity
Ages: 65 to Death
Conflict: Ego Integrity vs Despair
This is when we begin to reflect on our lives, accepting it for what it was. If we have done well in previous stages, especially stage seven, we can feel a sense of fulfillment and accept death as an unavoidable reality with dignity. If we haven't done well, we can be filled with regret, despair over the time running out and fear of death.

When you read through the stages, it's impossible not to identify them as you've experienced them or as you see your children experiencing them. However, Erickson's theory is not without critics. Many say that it is too focused on infancy and childhood and isn't very helpful for later in life. Others say it really applies to boys and not girls using Erickson's belief (Freudian) that boys and girls naturally develop different personalities.

In general, Erickson's Theory of Human Development is widely accepted and plays a major role in all human and psychological development studies and theories. The best advice is to use the theory as a framework or map for understanding and identifying what issues/conflicts unresolved lead to current behavior and preparing for the stages to come.

About The Author

Angela Winters is a freelance writer, journalist and national bestselling author of over twelve novels and short stories.

In The News:

A solution to psychology's reproducibility problem just failed its first test  Science MagazineBehavior change is difficult—just ask any psychologist. A new study shows behavior change among psychologists is no different. Efforts to improve the ...
The psychology of a tectonic electoral shift  The HinduAs the BJP surpasses its 2014 tally by a huge margin, indicating a wave the extent of which wasn't visible on the ground, one needs to revisit old assumptions to ...
Understanding the Psychology in Chronic Pain  Psychology TodayChronic pain is both a medical condition and a psychological condition. Appreciating the psychology of chronic pain can lead to better treatment approaches ...
Five Psychology-Based Tips To Boost Engagement On Social Media  ForbesDon't leave your social media engagement up to guesswork; use these proven psychology-based tips to make sure your social media platforms are bustling with ...
The psychology behind climate inaction: How to beat the 'doom barrier'  Deutsche WelleDespite the urgency of a 'climate emergency' we're nowhere near fulfilling the Paris agreement. Why are we so reluctant to act? Climate psychologist Per Espen ...
Professor/Associate Professor of Child and Family Psychology, and Programme Director job with UNIVERSITY OF CANTERBURY | 165512  Times Higher Education (THE)School of Health Sciences College of Education, Health and Human Development. Full-time at 37.5 hours per week (1.0 FTE); Continuing (i.e. permanent) ...
Why the Internet Is So Polarized, Extreme, and Screamy  The AtlanticWe talk with journalists and internet researchers about the rise of online extremism in the latest episode of the podcast Crazy/Genius.
City psychology academics enlighten audiences during 2019 Pint of Science Festival  City, University of LondonPint of science is an international festival bringing science to your local pubs and cafes.
Hope Psychology Students Win Regional Research Award  WHTC NewsA student-faculty collaborative research project earned a regional award for excellence from the Midwestern chapter of Psi Chi – The International Honor Society ...
MEDLIFE Concordia gives $5,000 to psychology centre  Concordia University NewsStudent group routinely helps underprivileged people at home and abroad.
A psychology teacher made a list of 101 ways to cope with stress and it's a must-read  indy100Life is stressful, isn't it? On top of the daily madness of Brexit and Donald Trump, there's the stresses of working life too. There's nothing like the feeling when it's ...
St Mary's Academic Publishes New Book on Psychology of Endurance Sport  St Mary's University, TwickenhamSenior Lecturer in Applied Sport Psychology at St Mary's University, Twickenham, Dr Carla Meijen has published a new book on psychology in endurance sport.
The Hidden Psychology Behind Games of Thrones  TIMEWhat our 'Game of Thrones' quiz reveals about each character's personality traits.
Finding a Therapist for Your College Student  Psychology TodayYour college student made it home safely from Spring Semester but is struggling with depression, anxiety or motivation. Summer break is a great time to start the ...
The Psychology Podcast Recap (April 2019): Moral Outrage, the Evolutionary Origins of a Good Society, Everyday Creativity, and Restoring the Playground  Scientific AmericanThis month at The Psychology Podcast we discussed moral outrage in the digital age with Molly Crockett, the evolutionary origins of a good society with Nicholas ...
Why We Watch Suffering Online, but Often Do Nothing to Help  Psychology TodayWe all know that abhorrent behavior happens behind closed doors. But as soon as it's brought out in front of us through film footage or photos we feel culpable, ...
Why Do Employers Lowball Creatives? A New Study Has Answers  KQEDNew research shows that exploitation is seen as more acceptable if workers are passionate about what they do.
SGCH to establish paediatric psychology ward  The Express TribuneKARACHI: Sindh Government Children Hospital's (SGCH) management has decided to establish a paediatric psychology ward, to address psychological ...
Millennial Psychology: The Impact of Narcissism and Entitlement Stereotypes  InverseMillennials are accused of killing a diverse range of industries and cultural institutions, including Buffalo Wild Wings, diamonds, and even nightlife. And whether ...
4 Types of Anger and Their Destructive Impact  Psychology TodayHow we handle anger can make the difference between calmness or agitation, proactive or reactive, and equanimity or suffering.
New Study Finds This Is How Much Time Each Day We Spend Gossiping  southernliving.comInteresting gossip psychology research from UC Riverside Psychology department.
Pre-Teen Boys Are Having Sexual Intercourse  Psychology TodayWe take as a golden rule of sex education that we should prevent sexual intercourse among pre-teenagers. Researchers Lindberg and associates note that ...
8 Questions to Check If You're Emotionally Exhausted  Psychology TodayWe all have stress. Sometimes more and sometimes less. But sometimes, the stresses overlap and you begin to lose your sense of control. When that happens ...
The psychology of magic and how it plays with our minds  New ScientistWe need to think our brain doesn't lie to get us through the day, but as a new London exhibition called Smoke and Mirrors shows, magic relies on the fact that it ...
The psychology behind why few of us feel rich  CBC NewsIt's human nature to compare ourselves to others and when it comes to money, social psychologists say most people have a big blind spot — we only compare ...
Can You Cook Your Way to Better Mental Health?  Psychology TodayFor some people, cooking is a dreadful chore, but for others, it's a means to achieve personal satisfaction while also providing sustenance for you, your friends, ...
Do People Use YouTubers to Replace Real Relationships?  Psychology TodayNew research clarifies drivers of YouTube overuse.
How psychology can help us understand — and fight — poverty  CrosscutBy looking at the way people in poverty make decisions, UW research psychologist Crystal C. Hall hopes to dismantle the assumptions we make about them. by.
New research uncovers the psychological burden of being unemployed  PsyPostNew psychology research highlights how unemployment can place a psychological burden on people by frustrating access to several psychological needs, such ...
4 Psychological Truths to Make Selling Easier  EntrepreneurLinkedIn's “2019 Global Talent Trends” report revealed important truths about the future of work: Over 90 percent of talent seekers believe soft skills are critical to ...
Therapies For The Mentally Well: Proven Techniques For Building Your Positive Psychology  ForbesA previous Forbes article introduced the concept of "therapy for the mentally well", describing a framework for expanding strengths and achieving goals, not just ...
Why Emotions Can Be More Powerful Than Data  NPRSometimes, when we believe something, no amount of data can change our minds. This week, why we cling to our beliefs — even when they're wrong.
Art as a Healing Expression  Psychology TodayChicago-based artist advocates for conversations about mental health: Part 2.
Psychology teacher’s inspiring list of 101 ways to cope with stress  The SunLIFE can be stressful and sometimes we all need a little help to get through the day. So that's why psychology teacher Brett Phillips has devised an incredible list ...
A Lonely Road for People Living With Borderline Personality  Psychology TodayEveryone needs connection, but not everyone can fulfill that need. A new study of borderline personality patients shows what contributes to their isolation.
Psychology in Web Design: Exploring Hidden Influences on Users’ Decision-Making  Business 2 CommunityGood design is something obvious. Great design is something almost transparent. Great web design can help build trust with users and motivate them to take ...
The psychology of nations Jared Diamond explores how countries respond to crises  The EconomistUpheaval. By Jared Diamond.Little, Brown and Company; 512 pages; $35. Allen Lane; £25. BY ITS OWN lights, this book fails. And yet, as a meditation about a ...
Normalisation Committee imposes psychologist Patrick Ofori on coach Appiah, Mintah snubbed  GhanaWebPatrick Ofori has returned to the Black Stars as a psychologist for the 2019 Africa Cup of Nations, replacing Professor Kwesi Mintah. The Normalisation ...
Customer mistreatment can harm your sleep quality, according to new psychology research  PsyPostBeing mistreated by a customer can negatively impact your sleep quality and morning recovery state, according to new research published in the Journal of ...
New Psychological Studies: How The Wealthy Really Are Different From Everyone Else  ForbesThe author F. Scott Fitzgerald is credited with saying: “The rich are different from you and me.” And Ernest Hemingway is supposed to have responded: “Yes, ...
Science news in brief: From bee psychology to the strange aromas of dark chocolate  The IndependentStriking down the queen won't save you from the swarm.
Loop Reality Fuses VR And Psychology To Solve The Challenge Of Talent Assessment For Recruiters  Inc42 MediaLoop Reality offers an AI-based tool for talent assessment, all by using games and simulations on VR and Mobile platforms. The 20 minutes test gauges the ...
One Mystical Psychedelic Trip Can Trigger Lifelong Benefits  Psychology TodayA new study reports that mystical experiences of "ultimate reality"—with and without the use of psychedelics—can have long-lasting benefits.
Profiles in (Everyday) Courage  Psychology TodayHow to Stop Fear from Being the Boss of You: Small acts of everyday courage are the key to developing confidence.
How Can I Be Sure Whether I Am Left-Handed?  Psychology TodayHave you ever wondered whether you might be left-handed? Here is how to find out for sure.
Sports Gambling Psychology 101  The Sports Gambling PodcastThe psychology of sports betting is my new obsession as of late. As I've always stated, the “why” will always be so much more important to me than just “what” ...
Is This Dynamic Ruining Your Romantic Relationship?  Psychology TodayHave you ever found yourself having the same argument with your significant other, over and over again? Maybe you've even had the same repetitive argument ...
The Psychology Of Smarter Leadership: Principles Executives And Managers Must Understand  ForbesThese principles can be successfully applied in almost any business environment to strengthen relationships and improve performance.
Sheriffs Say Fake Psychologist Treated Hundreds of People in 3-Year Scam  The Epoch TimesA fake psychologist who treated hundreds of adults and children has been charged after turning herself in to Virginia deputies.
The Psychology of Conflict and the Art of Compassion  Mediate.comConflict is inevitable, wouldn't you agree? Yet, many of us are conflict-avoidant while others readily engage. Regardless, conflict is uncomfortable with ...
Time Going Too Fast? A Psychologist Explains What You Can Do to Slow It Down  ScienceAlertSometimes it seems as if life is passing us by. When we are children, time ambles by, with endless car journeys and summer holidays which seem to last forever.
Clinical psychologist breaks down fan reaction to Dany’s heel turn  Winter is ComingDaenerys Targaryen's unexpected heel turn in the latest episode of Game of Thrones has fans on edge. A San Diego psychologist explains why.
Earth Emotions: New Words for a New World  Psychology TodayGlenn Albrecht offers a hopeful vocabulary to reignite our millennia-old biophilia—love of life—and help us address the widespread threats to the Earth.
Future - The tricks of airport design  BBC NewsFrom a terminal's colours to the security queue, here's how airports are designed to keep travellers calm, quiet – and ready to shop.
Mental health: Reassess your relationships to heal, a psychologist says  Body and SoulWhen you have a broken ankle, you care for it, you look after it and you avoid putting any further stress on it. Family, friends and even strangers lend a helping ...
Are There Viable Alternatives to the DSM-5?  Psychology TodayThe DSM-5 continues to be the primary diagnostic manual for mental illness. Can one of these alternative unseat it in a diagnostic game of thrones?
How to Write a Professional Biosketch  Psychology TodayAs someone who reviews a lot of grant applications, conference submissions, and internship applications, I read a lot of “biosketches” (brief descriptions of ...
Psychology of wealth: do the new rich not care about losing money?  Financial TimesOne of the most interesting changes over the past 20 years in the make-up of the very rich is that more of them are now self made. If you look at the wealthiest ...
Jeremy Kyle Show: a psychologist explains the risks in reality TV and how aftercare should be done  The Conversation - UKThe popular daytime television show has been axed. Here's how programme makers can ensure proper aftercare fro reality show participants.
Diffusion of Responsibility and the Danger for Addiction  Psychology TodayMany of us don't show up for those in need. Why? Here's the problem with helping behavior in public and how that relates to the failures of addiction treatment.
'The Mad Queen' Isn't The Only Character On 'Game Of Thrones' In Need Of Some Therapy  OxygenThe recent plot turns on "Game of Thrones" may be divisive, but there's one thing we can all agree with: The citizens of Westeros haven't had it easy. Whether ...
What Is A Psychological Astrologer  Refinery29This is why you might want to consult with a psychological astrologer.
Posh people really do think they’re better than others, psychologists find  The IndependentPosh people really do think they're better than others, according to new research. People in higher social classes are “overconfident” about their abilities which ...
Historic Global AI Agreement Achieved by OECD  Psychology TodayToday the first intergovernmental standard on artificial intelligence (AI) was adopted by the OECD—an AI historic, and geopolitical milestone.
Why Are So Many Young People So Unhappy?  Psychology TodayWhy is mental illness on the rise in teenagers and young adults, but not in those over 25? Is it caused by smartphones and social media, or just exacerbated by ...
Why Do Volunteers Live Longer?  Psychology TodayWe know volunteering is good for the world, but could it be good for your physical health too?
Author David Bedrick on Why Psychological Activism is Required to Truly Change the World-Part Two  KSFRWake Up Call Segment Producer/Host MK Mendoza talks with Author David Bedrick on how changing our internal psychological dialogue can change our ...
Overwatch streamer explains how to use psychology to improve your Ana grenades  DexertoPeople are predictable, which is a good thing for Ana.
Why Are There No Approved Drugs for Anorexia?  Psychology TodayDrug testing is difficult when the end goal is a patient's biggest fear.
Why Hacking Your CPAP Is Not a Good Idea  Psychology TodayBy allowing a person who is medically complicated to control their pressure, they will affect their other medical issues.
Can a Smile Change Your Life?  Psychology TodayA smile typically signifies a positive emotional state—happiness, satisfaction, kindness, and warmth. The benefits of a positive mood, according to researchers, ...
Support staff at Quebec universities struggle with psychological distress  University AffairsThe proportion of support staff at Quebec universities who report serious or very serious psychological distress is 53.4 percent. This unsettling finding appears in ...
Perseverance Cultivates Purposefulness and Boosts Resilience  Psychology TodayPerseverance may keep depression, anxiety, and panic disorders at bay, according to new findings from a recently published 18-year-long study.
Britain suffering ‘enormous stress’ over Brexit, psychologist warns  The Irish Times'It has real consequences for people's well-being and mental health,' Professor says.
UB psychologist receives $2.2 million NIH grant to study school readiness  UB News CenterFive-year project will test family and peer adversity and use psychophysiology measures to index the role of stress. By Bert Gambini. Release Date: May 17, ...
How to Get the Most Out of Dreaming  Psychology TodayDreams… lovely, terrifying, wonderful dreams. The sleeping equivalent of the dark night of the soul, while dreams can be totally mundane, quotidian, ...
Fired ‘fake psychologist’ treated hundreds of patients in Stafford, deputies say  WTKR News 3Authorities said 42-year-old Sharonda L. Avery posed as a psychologist for more than five years and treated hundreds of patients in Stafford County.
Why Are So Few Smokers Receiving a Life-Saving Test?  Psychology TodayRecent studies have demonstrated that only 2 percent of U.S. smokers who are eligible for lung cancer screening are undergoing the test. This poor rate is ...
Psyched about psychology: TrekNorth grad has her sights set on...  Bemidji PioneerBEMIDJI—Lily Walker wants to be a doctor of psychology. She's one of about 24 students set to graduate Friday from TrekNorth Junior & Senior High School, ...
Adoption Is Not a Solution for Abortion  Psychology TodayAdoption rates in the U.S. are relatively low and steadily decreasing because of cultural changes, not Roe vs. Wade.
The devastating psychological impact of the death of a friend  QuartzThe death of a friend is a loss that most people face at some point in their lives—but we don't take it as seriously.
20 Reasons We Need to Keep Talking About Mental Health  Psychology TodayIn 2019, stigma around mental illness should not be a barrier to receiving treatment. So how do we end it once and for all?
Crowd psychology says this ‘fool’s rally’ in stocks could fool bears  MarketWatchA number of indicators suggest the stock market could extend gains.
Cardinals Need a New Psychology (Getting Minds and Words Right)  Revenge of the BirdsThe Arizona Cardinals have begun to take big steps in their attempt to recapture the NFC West. This year the Cardinals have added new, exciting, attack-style ...
Game of Thrones Daenerys fan fury, explained by a clinical psychologist  CNETJanina Scarlet, a Game of Thrones geek and psychologist, has thoughts on why the Breaker of Chains' deed has some fans feeling so bummed.
Ethiopian institutions long operated with anti-democratic psychology - Minister  africanewsAlso present at the meeting was Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed who was a participant. The Chief Justice Meaza Ashenafi also made submissions calling for the ...
Opinion | General elections as an exercise in all-out psychological warfare  LivemintTomorrow is the culmination of what is possibly one of the largest persuasion exercises in the world. Often it is said that Indian elections are all about roti (food), ...
Watson earns Bachelor of Arts in Psychology | Lakelands Connector  Index-JournalJessica Hannah Watson of Durham, NC graduated from North Carolina Central University May 11, 2019 with a 3.6 GPA Bachelor of Arts in Psychology. She will ...
Matt Reeves' The Batman: A Hitchockian Whodunit Psychological Murder Mystery & More Plot Details  AppocalypseMatt Reeves has been hard at work on The Batman and is taking his own time to polish the script to his satisfaction. For the most part, details about the movie's ...
Psychologists discover enhanced language learning in synesthetes  Medical Xpress"When I see equations, I see the letters in colors. I don't know why," wrote Nobel Prize-winning physicist Richard Feynman. "I see vague pictures of Bessel ...
Mother's Day 2019: A psychologist explains why Mom is the mother of all heroes | Opinion  Pennsylvania Capital-StarBy Scott T. Allison. Each May, the United States celebrates Mother's Day, and for good reason. According to surveys I've conducted, over 25 percent of ...
Stafford charges woman with posing as a psychologist to treat patients  Fredericksburg.comA woman who court records allege practiced as a psychologist in Stafford County without a license for at least three years has been indicted on 13 charges.
Daenerys' Game of Thrones Season 8 Twist Explained by Psychologist  Screen RantA psychologist has taken a shot at explaining fans' reactions to the penultimate episode of the final season of Game of Thrones, that saw Daenerys finally ...
A Game of Thrones Quiz Is Helping Psychologists Learn More About How People Respond to Ethical Dilemmas  Mental FlossThere are countless Game of Thrones personality quizzes on the internet that will tell you if you're a Cersei, a Daenerys, or a Jon Snow, but few have real social ...
Love Island contestants will receive more 'psychological support' following deaths  Stuff.co.nzParticipants on all versions of the reality TV show will receive training on how to deal with negative public feedback after three deaths in the UK.
Interview with a Psychological Artist Who Explores the Unseen  Scientific AmericanI am fascinated by people who mix modalities, who are always on the lookout for hidden meanings, and who have a real commitment to the truth and mutual ...
A Psychologist Explains Why People Gossip—and the Reason Might Surprise You  Health.comA new study found most people spend about 52 minutes per day gossiping. We asked a psychologist why that is. Find out more here.
This study reveals some psychological facts about gossiping - Gossip mongering  Economic TimesAccording to an interesting study, people gossip 52 minutes a day on an average in 16 waking hours, women don't engage in "tear-down" gossip any more than ...
Court documents: accused AT killer to undergo psychological evaluation locally  WJHL-TV News Channel 11A federal court judge has ruled that the man accused of stabbing a hiker to death on the Appalachian Trail in Wythe County, Va., will undergo a psychological ...

The Mind, Information, and Attitude

Information is flowing to us at a great rate. The... Read More

Dogs Use Psycho-Cybernetics To Accomplish Goals

Dogs picture in their minds an event of an activity... Read More

Establishing Trust in Grief Management Groups

Trust is the basis of all human relationships. Trust can... Read More

The Cyber Narcissist

To the narcissist, the Internet is an alluring and irresistible... Read More

Hypnosis: A Brief History

Evidence of hypnotic-like phenomena appears in many ancient cultures. The... Read More

No Picnic In Sight

Upon being diagnosed with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, I saw the reality... Read More

Narcissistic Personality Disorder Tips

FIVE DON'T DO'SHow to Avoid the Wrath of the NarcissistNever... Read More

Are Observations Objective?

On the outset all observations may seem to be objective,... Read More

Achieving an Ambidextrous Mindset

History lends us an ideal of ambidexterity: Leonardo da Vinci,... Read More

Solution Focus Process: Solution Talk vs. Problem Talk Pt 2

It is crucial that interviewing with helpee progress toward solutions.... Read More

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is Not Related to I.Q.

It's important to know that Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and... Read More

Is China Testing Bio Weapons on Its Own People?

Well the conspiracy theorists are out in full force I... Read More

What are the 4 Brainwave Patterns and How Do They Effect Your Health

WHAT ARE BRAINWAVES?Every moment of your life your brain is... Read More

Intuition

I. The Three IntuitionsIA. Eidetic IntuitionsIntuition is supposed to be... Read More

Anti-Social Behaviors and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Anti-social behaviors are common with ADHD individuals. About 60% of... Read More

The Myth of Mental Illness

"You can know the name of a bird in all... Read More

Balancing Brain Lobes - Mutras

When does consciousness exist? Will the sentient robots being created... Read More

What is the Addictions Recovery Measurement System?

As I climbed 15-feet on a wooden ladder to the... Read More

Self Hypnosis or Shelf Hypnosis?

Self hypnosis is usually thought of as a person listening... Read More

Nature VS Nurture - Theories of Personality in 21st Century

Nature vs Nurture theories have wasted a lot of energy... Read More

The Joan of Arc Complex

Sometimes I think that I have a mental health problem... Read More

What is Narcissism?

A pattern of traits and behaviours which signify infatuation and... Read More

The Cultural Narcissist - Lasch In An Age Of Diminishing Expectations

"The new narcissist is haunted not by guilt but by... Read More

Christian Psychotherapy for Convicts?

Repeated research studies have revealed that secular efforts at rehabilitation... Read More

Metaphors of the Mind (Part II)

Storytelling has been with us since the days of campfire... Read More