Metaphors of the Mind (Part I)

The brain (and, by implication, the Mind) has been compared to the latest technological innovation in every generation. The computer metaphor is now in vogue. Computer hardware metaphors were replaced by software metaphors and, lately, by (neuronal) network metaphors. Such attempts to understand by comparison are common in every field of human knowledge. Architects and mathematicians have lately come up with the structural concept of "tensegrity" to explain the phenomenon of life. The tendency of humans to see patterns and structures everywhere (even where there are none) is well documented and probably has its survival value added.

Another trend is to discount these metaphors as erroneous, irrelevant, or deceptively misleading. Yet, these metaphors are generated by the same Mind that is to be described by them. The entities or processes to which the brain is compared are also "brain-children", the results of "brain-storming", conceived by "minds". What is a computer, a software application, a communications network if not a (material) representation of cerebral events?

In other words, a necessary and sufficient connection must exist between ANYTHING created by humans and the minds of humans. Even a gas pump must have a "mind-correlate". It is also conceivable that representations of the "non-human" parts of the Universe exist in our minds, whether a-priori (not deriving from experience) or a-posteriori (dependent upon experience). This "correlation", "emulation", "simulation", "representation" (in short : close connection) between the "excretions", "output", "spin-offs", "products" of the human mind and the human mind itself - is a key to understanding it.

This claim is an instance of a much broader category of claims: that we can learn about the artist by his art, about a creator by his creation, and generally: about the origin by any of its derivatives, inheritors, successors, products and similes.

This general contention is especially strong when the origin and the product share the same nature. If the origin is human (father) and the product is human (child) - there is an enormous amount of data to be safely and certainly derived from the product and these data will surely apply to the origin. The closer the origin and the product - the more we can learn about the origin. The computer is a "thinking machine" (however limited, simulated, recursive and mechanical). Similarly, the brain is a "thinking machine" (admittedly much more agile, versatile, non-linear, maybe even qualitatively different). Whatever the disparity between the two (and there is bound to be a large one), they must be closely related to one another. This close relatedness is by virtue of two facts: (1) They are both "thinking machines" and, much more important: (2) the latter is the product of the former. Thus, the computer metaphor is unusually strong. Should an organic computer come to be, the metaphor will strengthen. Should a quantum computer be realized - some aspects of the metaphor will, undoubtedly, be enhanced.

By the way, the converse hypothesis is not necessarily true: that by knowing the origin we can anticipate the products. There are too many free variables here. The existence of a product "collapses" our set of probabilities and increases our knowledge - to use Bohr's metaphor.

The origin exists as a "wave function": a series of potentialities with attached probabilities, the potentials being the logically and physically possible products.

But what can be learned about the origin by a crude comparison to the product? Mostly traits and attributes related to structure and to function. These are easily observable. Is this sufficient? Can we learn anything about the "true nature" of the origin? The answer is negative. It is negative in general: we can not aspire or hope to know anything about the "true nature" of anything. This is the realm of metaphysics, not of physics. Quantum Mechanics provides an astonishingly accurate description of micro-processes and of the Universe without saying anything meaningful about both. Modern physics strives to predict rightly - rather to expound upon this or that worldview. It describes - it does not explain. Where interpretations are offered (e.g., the Copenhagen interpretation of Quantum Mechanics) they run into insurmountable obstacles and philosophical snags. Thus, modern science is metaphorical and uses a myriad of metaphors (particles and waves, to mention but two prominent ones). Metaphors have proven themselves to be useful scientific tools in the "thinking scientist's" kit.

Moreover, a metaphor can develop and its development closely traces the developmental phases of the origin. Take the computer software metaphor as an example:

At the dawn of computing the composition of software applications was serial, in machine language and with strict separation of data (called: "structures") and instruction code (called: "functions" or "procedures"). This was really a "biological" phase akin to the development of the embryonic brain (mind). The machine language closely matched the physical wiring of the hardware. In the case of biology, the instructions (DNA) are also insulated from the data (amino acids and other life substances). Databases were handled on a "listing" basis ("flat file"), were serial and had no intrinsic relationship to each other (an alphabetic order is an extrinsic order, imposed from the outside and existing only in the mind of the "imposer"). They were in the state of a substrate, ready to be acted upon. Only when "mixed" in the computer (as the application was run) did functions operate on structures.

This was, quite expectedly, followed by the "relational" organization of data (a primitive example of which is the spreadsheet). Data items were related to each other through mathematical formulas. This is the equivalent of the wiring of the brain, as the pregnancy progresses.

The latest evolutionary phase has been the OOPS (Object Oriented Programming Systems). Objects are modules which contain BOTH data and instructions in self contained units. The user is acquainted with the FUNCTIONS performed by these objects - but not with their STRUCTURE, INTERNAL COMMUNICATIONS AND PROCESSES. Objects, in other words, are "black boxes" (am engineering term). The programmer is unable to tell HOW the object does what it does, how does external, useful function arise from internal, hidden ones. Objects are epiphenomenal, emergent, phase transient. In short: much closer to reality as we came to describe it in modern physics.

Communication can be established among these black boxes - but it is not the communication (its speed or efficacy) that determine the overall efficiency of the system. It is the hierarchical and at the same time fuzzy organization of the objects which does the trick. Objects are organized in classes which define their (actualized and potential) properties. The object's behaviour (what it does and to what it is allowed to react) is defined by its very belonging to the class. Moreover, a principle of "inheritance" is in operation: objects can be organized in new (sub) classes, inherit all the definitions and characteristics of the original class plus new properties which distinguish it from its origin. In a way, these newly emergent classes are the products and the classes that they derived from are the origin. This process so closely resembles natural phenomena that it lends additional credibility to the metaphor.

Thus, classes can be used as building blocks. Their permutations define the set of all soluble problems. It can be proven that Turing Machines are a private instance of a general, much stronger, class theory (back to the Principia Mathematica). The integration of hardware (computer, brain) and software (computer applications, mind) is done through "framework applications" which adjust the two elements structurally and functionally. An equivalent must be found in the brain (a priori categories, a collective unconscious?).

We use the term evolution because one phase replaces another. Relational databases cannot be integrated with object oriented ones, for instance. To run Java applets, a "virtual machine" needs to be embedded in the operating system. These phases closely resemble the development of the brain-mind couplet.

When is a metaphor a good metaphor? When it teaches us something about the origin that could not have been gleaned without it. That it must possess some structural and functional resemblance we have already established. But this is not enough. This is merely the "quantitative, observational" aspect of the metaphor. There is also a qualitative one: it must be instructive, revealing, insightful, aesthetic, parsimonious - in short, it must establish a theory and the resulting hypotheses. A metaphor is a theory which is the result of given logical and aesthetic rules. It must be subjected to the rigorous testing demanded by science before it can be judged to be a reliable one.

If the software metaphor is correct, the brain must contain the following features:

  • Parity checks through back propagation of signals - the electrochemical signal in a neurone must move back (to its origin) and forward, simultaneously in order to establish a feedback parity loop

  • The neurone cannot be a binary (two state) machine (a quantum computer will be a multi-state one, for instance). It must have many levels of excitement (representation of information). The threshold ("all or nothing" firing") hypothesis must be wrong

  • Redundancy must be evident in all the aspects and dimensions of the brain and its activities: the hardware (different centres will perform similar tasks), communications (information transfer channels will be replicated and the same information will be simultaneously transferred over more than one as a basis for comparison), retrieval (data excitation will happen in a few spots at the same time) and usage of obtained data (through working, "upper" memory).

  • The basic concept of the working of the brain must be the comparison of "representation elements" to "models of the world". Thus, a coherent picture is obtained which allows for predictions and for manipulation of the environment in effective, result producing ways.

  • Many of the functions solved by the brain must be recursive. To a large extent, we could even half expect to find that we can reduce all the activities of the brain to computational, mechanically solvable, recursive functions. Should this happen, the brain will come to be regarded as a Turing Machine and the wildest dreams of Artificial Intelligence will come true. Until such time, however, a strong recursive streak should be evident in the operations of this magnificent contraption inside our heads.

  • The brain must be a learning, self organizing, entity.

Only if these six requirement are cumulatively met - can we say that the software metaphor is a strong one. Otherwise, we should be forced to neglect it in favour of a stronger one.

The brain is a paranoiac machine governed by Murphy's Laws. It assumes the worst, prepares for it and takes no chances. Precariously balanced, materially delicate, in charge of life itself it can - and does - take no chances.

About The Author

Sam Vaknin is the author of "Malignant Self Love - Narcissism Revisited" and the editor of mental health categories in The Open Directory, Suite101, and searcheurope.com.

His web site: http://samvak.tripod.com

Frequently asked questions regarding narcissism: http://samvak.tripod.com/faq1.html

Narcissistic Personality Disorder on Suite101: http://www.suite101.com/welcome.cfm/npd

In The News:

These 5 Tips From Psychologists Will Help You Cope When Climate Change Gets You Down  ScienceAlertBetween news of devastating natural disasters, horrifying scientific predictions, and the infuriating lack of political will to do anything about it all, it seems we can't ...
The Psychology of Fashion – Book Review | LSE Business Review  USAPP American Politics and Policy (blog)The Psychology of Fashion. Carolyn Mair. Routledge. 2018. Find this book: amazon-logo. You may not be into fashion, but you cannot escape fashion ...
How do superstitions affect our psychology and well-being?  Medical News TodayThis Friday the 13th, we take a look at the psychological mechanisms of superstitions and their effect on mental health and well-being.
Psychology Around the Net: September 21, 2019  PsychCentral.comThis week's Psychology Around the Net looks at the successes and failures of New York City's mental health first aid program ThriveNYC, whether or not ...
Skills Enhancement Tutor, Psychology job with EDINBURGH NAPIER UNIVERSITY | 180303  Times Higher Education (THE)Skills Enhancement Tutor, Psychology in Permanent, £30001 - £40000, Tutors, Psychology with EDINBURGH NAPIER UNIVERSITY. Apply Today.
5 Ways to Use Psychology to Improve Your Content Marketing  Search Engine JournalPsychology is the cornerstone of all marketing, especially when it comes to persuasion. Here are five tips to improve your *content* marketing with psychoogy.
The Common Personality Traits People Wish They Didn’t Have  Psychology TodayThe traits of people with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, according to new research, develop over time. A new study shows how these very common ...
Manitowoc Lincoln senior Megan Block is fascinated by psychology | Stellar Students  Herald Times ReporterMegan Block is a senior at Manitowoc Lincoln High School. After high school ends, she hopes to earn her doctoral degree in clinical psychology.
Developmental psychology: One good turn deserves another  Science DailyFive-year-olds enforce reciprocal behavior in social interactions. A study shows that children come to recognize reciprocity as a norm between the ages of 3 and ...
Parental Alienation: What Therapists Need to Know  Psychology TodayParental alienation is a form of child abuse—and recognizing, diagnosing, and treating it can be tricky. Here's how therapists can handle these challenging ...
Adolescence and the Psychology of Self-Defeat  Psychology TodaySelf-defeating behavior occurs either when the immediate strategy chosen for coping makes one's life situation worse, or when, in yielding to some temptation, ...
Most People Strongly Desire One Trait in a Long-Term Partner  Psychology TodayWhen asked what they value most in an ideal long-term partner, men and women around the globe rank one character trait above all others. Hint: It's not beauty ...
Why Jeffrey Epstein loved evolutionary psychology  The OutlineWhen not abusing adolescent girls, Jeffrey Epstein enjoyed the company of powerful men. He cultivated relationships with businessmen and politicians like Bill ...
Understanding Player Psychology: The 4 Types of Rewarded Video Users [Industry Contributor]  Yahoo FinanceSuccessful games must satisfy a wide range of users, each with diverse values, needs and desires. Or Shahar, VP of Development Partnerships for the Americas ...
How Negative News Distorts Our Thinking  Psychology TodayDoes the world seem increasingly negative? Here are a few reasons why we get stuck seeing it this way, and what to do about it.
No, You Don't Always Need to Forgive  Psychology TodayAmong the blog posts I've written, one of the most popular remains "Why We Need Closure." I think the reason is because it details the painful experiences that ...
New psychology research indicates being unable to regulate positive emotion is linked to negative outcomes  PsyPostScientists are beginning to investigate the importance of being able to attenuate positive emotions. A new study, published in the Journal of Personality ...
Psychologists Warn Parents, Climate Change Alarmists Against Causing 'Eco-Anxiety' in Children  NewsweekPsychologists warned parents and guardians about being climate change alarmists, noting an increasing number of children who are being treated for ...
Those with autism make good social psychologists  Medical XpressAutism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by the inability of individuals to gauge the emotions and mental states of other people. However, if the lens is ...
The Four Dimensions of Existence Mapped by Science  Psychology TodayThe Tree of Knowledge System maps reality into four separable dimensions of existence and shows how science emerges out of the Culture-Person plane to ...
The Psychology of the “Foodie Call”  Psychology TodayNew research looks at why some women accept dates just to get free meals, but in the process it uncovers hidden dynamics in the modern dating scene.
Donald Trump, king of chaos: New research on right-wing psychology points toward big trouble ahead  SalonDonald Trump is the King of Chaos. He has lied at least 12,000 times since becoming president of the United States. These lies are often obvious and lazy ...
13 best psychological thrillers that will completely twist your brain  Times of IndiaHere are some clever psychological thrillers filled with twists that will keep you hooked:
11 Ways Plants Enhance Your Mental and Emotional Health  Psychology TodayWhat do trees, shrubs, grasses, green plants, parks, beaches, open fields, and flowering gardens have to do with your mental health? Just about everything ...
Toward a Positive Evolutionary Psychology  Scientific AmericanIf I did not think you a good tempered & truth loving man I should not tell you that . . . I have read your book with more pain than pleasure. Parts of it I admired ...
September 2019  Psychology TodayA new book asks whether the world's biggest virtual-reality game is the world itself. As unlikely as it seems, it may make you wonder the same thing. America's ...
Opinion: The psychology behind taking dirty money from Jeffrey Epstein  Los Angeles TimesWhy do good people take bad money? And what are the insidious effects of doing so? These are puzzles surrounding Jeffrey Epstein, the convicted sex offender ...
Psychological Flexibility: A Core Mental Health Asset  Psychology TodayMultiple theorists have pegged psychological flexibility as one key to mental wellbeing.
Counselling for IPU's M.Phil in Clinical Psychology to start from Sep 23  Millennium PostNew Delhi: The Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University will begin its first round of counselling for the M.Phil programme in Clinical Psychology (CET Code ...
The Psychology of School Choice  Foundation for Economic EducationMany parents take for granted that the local public school option or the type of school they (parents) attended will automatically be the best option. What happens ...
Why Millennials Are So Lonely  Psychology TodayWith social media as a potential facilitator, what are the other factors, psychological processes, and cognitive influences leading Millenials to feel lonelier?
From psychology to fourth-grade classroom: ‘It’s a God thing’  Brownwood BulletinEARLY — Amanda Ellett wanted to be a teacher from the time she was a child.But Ellett — who is this week's Teacher of the Week — didn't reach that goal in a ...
Malcolm Gladwell: ‘I’m just trying to get people to take psychology seriously’  The GuardianThe Canadian writer made his name bringing intellectual sparkle to everyday subjects, and his new book - about how strangers interact with each other - is no ...
Bernstein: Struggling Bears Offense Changes Fan Psychology  670 The Score(670 The Score) It took me a while to figure out the reason I don't enjoy gambling, but it finally became clear. I hate the feeling of losing money and get no ...
7 Signs You May Be Oblivious to Your Perfectionism  Psychology Today"Many people think of perfectionism as striving to be your best, but it is not about self-improvement; it's about earning approval and acceptance." —Brené Brown.
Doctor of Psychology degree coming soon to Austin Peay State University  Clarksville Leaf ChronicleThis will be the second doctoral program at Austin Peay. In the fall of 2018, the Doctor of Education (Ed.D.) degree was launched.
Why People Get Tattoos  Psychology TodayWhen tattoos first emerged in the 1800s, they were considered a sign of being a criminal or deviant. Today, they are increasingly commonplace. According to ...
Australian Psychologist Helped Perverts Become Priests for 30 Years  Church Militantby William Mahoney, Ph.D. • ChurchMilitant.com • September 19, 2019 67 Comments. At least 16 predators were admitted to seminary. You are not signed in as ...
Female Sex Tourism  Psychology TodayThey fly to exotic, foreign countries to find sex. They pay to have their sexual desires fulfilled in so-called "vacations," in which they may purchase hotel rooms, ...
Megan Fox: Being sexualised by Hollywood led to 'psychological breakdown'  THE WEEK'I didn't want to be seen, I didn't want to have to take a photo, do a magazine, walk a carpet, I didn't want to be seen in public at all because of the fear, and the ...
Negative Memory Bias and Depression  Psychology TodayWhen experiencing a depressive episode, one may begin to view the world through a depressive schema.
New psychology research reveals men’s motives for sending unsolicited dick pics  PsyPostMen who send unsolicited images of their private parts primarily do so with the hopes of receiving either similar images or sexual interactions in return, ...
Are You Troubled by Negative Intrusive Thoughts?  Psychology TodayMost of us like to feel in control, especially when it comes to our mind. Have you ever had a strange, unwanted thought suddenly pop in your head, one that ...
Inflammation and the 3 Paths of Depression in Older Adults  Psychology TodayBy Grant H. Brenner. You can't help getting older, but you can help yourself from becoming old and infirm, in mind as well as body. —Joan Collins. Depression is ...
Children suffering eco-anxiety over climate change, say psychologists  Yahoo NewsChildren are increasingly suffering anxiety and grief about climate change, British psychologists said on Thursday, advising parents to discuss the issue in an ...
Unexcused absence: Boston Public Schools yet to hire 23 budgeted psychologists  Boston HeraldBoston Public Schools has not hired any new, full time school psychologists despite a budget battle in the spring for funding.
Thinking of seeing a psychologist? Here's how to choose the therapy best for you  The Conversation AUPsychologists use a number of different methods, including cognitive behaviour therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, and behavioural activation.
Bad to the bone or just bad behavior? Psychologist examines how perceptions of human morality influence behavior  Science DailyA new study suggests that the way we perceive others' bad behavior -- as either biological and innate or potentially changeable -- impacts our willingness to cut ...
Those with autistic traits may make good social psychologists Ashley Qin Sep 17, 1:01 am  Yale Daily NewsA recent Yale study found that individuals with autism spectrum disorder traits are as good or even slightly better social psychologists than those who do not ...
Is the Joker Hypersane?  Psychology TodayThe psychology and philosophy of Batman's Joker.
Programme Director in Applied Sport Psychology job with ST MARYS UNIVERSITY, TWICKENHAM | 180337  Times Higher Education (THE)Faculty: Sport, Health and Applied Science Starting Salary: Programme Director £48,114 per annum, Senior Lecturer £42,792 per annum. Hours: Full time
Highlights of American Psychological Association Conference on Technology, Mind and Society  NewswiseThe conference will focus on efforts to understand and shape the interactions of human beings and technology. Topics to be presented include whether virtual ...
How to Commit to an Exercise Routine  Psychology TodayIt is said that it is easier to start something than to finish it. But how do we know if we will — or won't — finish the things we start? And how do we know if other ...
Should We Throw Out the GRE?  Psychology TodayThe GRE is a flawed way of picking who to admit to graduate school. But does that mean we should drop it?
'Counsellor' Lutterodt can't counsel on radio, TV - Psychology Council  Myjoyonline.comThe Ghana Psychology Council has said popular radio and TV personality, George Lutterodt, cannot hold himself as a Counsellor.
Ghana Psychological Council registrar loses her temper on live radio  GhanaWebClinical Psychologist and registrar at the Ghana Psychological Council, Dr Diana Baah Odoom, hanged up on an Accra based Peace FM presenter Kwasi ...
Megan Fox suffered 'psychological breakdown' from being hypersexualized  Page SixMegan Fox says she suffered a "genuine psychological breakdown" while filming "Jennifer's Body" because she felt hypersexualized.
With climate change, a stark psychological toll looms  Charleston Gazette-MailMORGANTOWN — It's not just storms and wildfires. Climate change also poses a risk to the psychological well-being of people all around the world.
5 Telltale Signs of Authenticity in Life-Story Narratives  Psychology TodayWant to make sure you don't sound phony the next time you write something personal? New research identifies easy ways to decode when someone's writing is ...
The Relationship Between Autoimmune and Eating Disorders  Psychology TodayA new study examined the relationship between autoimmune diseases and eating disorders in a sample of 2.5 million participants.
The Good Grief Network: Support group helps to deal with psychological effects of climate change  CBS NewsAs the planet continues to deal with the effects of climate change, the American Psychological Association says more people are dealing with eco-anxiety, ...
There’s No Such Thing as Behavior  Psychology TodayIf you want to get to know someone, learn about their goals.
Now Therapists Have to Figure Out Astrology, Tarot and Psychedelics  The New York TimesPatients are confronting psychotherapists with a *fresh* pile of really useful challenges.
Telling the truth on trans issues got me cancelled: one psychologist's story  The Post MillennialThis is a warning to other psychologists who are seeking to balance compassion for trans people with the legitimate concerns of other members of society.
Women are getting Botox to look nicer. A psychologist says it's sexist  INSIDERBotox is a quick and generally safe option for people dissatisfied with their appearance, but it won't fix the root problem of self-esteem issues.
Optimism Study Gives Optimists More Reason to Be Optimistic  Psychology TodayOptimism is associated with living longer, according to a recently published, decades-long study.
Workplace culture contributing to 'psychological harm'  Personnel TodayPoor practices and cultures are contributing to the “psychological harm” of employees, with 39% of UK workers suffering symptoms of poor mental health ...
Five Myths About Grief You May Believe  Psychology TodayOur reluctance to talk about grief can provide a space for myths to proliferate, ultimately making it harder to cope.
Do You Have "Quiet BPD"?  Psychology TodayIf you have Quiet BPD, rather than act out, you act in. You do not show your inner turmoil, but direct the anger, hate, and blame toward yourself.
Nine Myths that Contribute to Unwanted Intrusive Thoughts  Psychology TodayThere are nine myths about thoughts in general that contribute to intrusive thoughts becoming stuck. Busting these myths with facts will go a long way toward ...
Help us show how psychology can prevent poor health  The British Psychological SocietyWe are asking our members to help us show government the important role that psychology can play in preventing poor health. The Department of Health and ...
Parents condemn B.C. psychologist's choice to retire rather than face hearing for role in custody cases  CBC NewsDr. Allan Posthuma was an expert witnesses in child custody cases for decades. But his work has recently been the subject of five investigations by B.C.'s ...
"Psychological Fusion" With Donald Trump Is Linked to These Worrying Traits  InverseDomestic terrorism in on the rise, and experts question whether the ascent can be linked to the president. While President Donald Trump has denied ...
Megan Fox Says Being Sexualized by Hollywood Led to 'Psychological Breakdown'  IndieWire“Jennifer's Body” is celebrating its 10th anniversary this month, but the movie's release wasn't exactly the best of times for star Megan Fox. The movie was ...
Psychological profiling of judges essential: Justice Sharad Arvind Bobde  The Sentinel AssamPsychological profiling of candidates has become essential before recruiting them as judges.The above issue was one of the major.
UK Government's Get Ready for Brexit adverts psychology | Latest Brexit news and top stories  The New EuropeanSTEVE ANGLESEY wonders what sinister motives might be behind the government's new £140m Brexit advertising campaign.
Psychology professor sentenced to five years probation — more than a year after taking photos up a colleague's skirt  Mustang NewsCal Poly psychology and child development professor Jason Williams was sentenced to five years of probation and fined $221 for using his cell phone to take ...
Tangled: Escaping the Five-Story Tower of Narcissistic Abuse  Psychology TodaySomeone once said that all of us are, at best, sincere hypocrites. The same could be said of narcissism, meaning that many of us are capable of exhibiting ...
Psychology Guru Jordan Peterson Checks Into Rehab After Drug Treatment Amid Wife’s Cancer Scare  Sputnik InternationalApart from dealing with criticism regarding his view on political correctness, the Canadian professor came under pressure this April after his spouse of 30 years ...
Māori psychology school pitched to counter shortage  Stuff.co.nzAt the moment, five per cent of Kiwi psychologists are Māori and a Waikato researcher says the system needs to change.
How to Reduce Social Anxiety and Bullying in Youth  Psychology TodayThere are problematic sociological trends, including a generational increase in anxiety, conflict, and conflict aversion.
[Fantastic Fest Review] Documentary 'Wrinkles the Clown' is a Winding Psychological Case Study  Bloody DisgustingLate November of 2014, a YouTube video titled “Wrinkles the Clown Caught on CCTV” by user HvUseen Wrinkles went viral, and put South Florida parents on ...
Operation Transformation psychologist to visit Athenry school  Connacht Tribune GroupGalway Bay fm newsroom – Operation Transformation clinical psychologist, Dr. Eddie Murphy is to visit an Athenry school tomorrow to give a series of talks.
How Do We Regulate Emotions in Depression and Anxiety?  Psychology TodayThe way we regulate emotions affects depression and anxiety, requiring discretion in how we use limited resources. New research helps define high-value ...
A New Advance in Understanding Anorexia Nervosa  Psychology TodayA recent study provides evidence that anorexia nervosa is both a psychiatric and metabolic disorder.
Defence reins in Bupa over psychologists for soldiers  The Canberra TimesDefence and health contractor Bupa say problems with a new system for referring military personnel to psychologists are "teething issues" that should be ...
John Maughan recounts unique demands of replay psychology GAA  RTE.ieAhead of this weekend's All-Ireland final replay, former Mayo manager John Maughan recalls the task he had in getting his side focused for the second day out ...
Weaving Together the Art and Science of Therapy  Psychology TodayThanks to a few visionary thinkers, the practice of psychological therapy is now firmly anchored in science. But it remains as much an art as it is a science.
In-house psychologist ensures police officers are equipped to manage stress  Saskatoon StarPhoenixAfter the Board of Police Commissioners approved the Saskatoon Police *Service's* proposed 2020 operational budget, the SPS is closer to becoming the first city ...
'I thought psychologists were for crazy people': can therapy help refugees?  The GuardianFor Muntaser, it's the memory of militiamen raiding his village in Darfur. For Ahmad, who fled Afghanistan as a child, it's the terrible vision of his father murdering ...
The Dark Side of Cyber Monitoring a Partner  Psychology TodayEveryone knows someone who has used technology to keep tabs on a partner. Research shows such surveillance can be a risk factor in an abusive ...
A Glossary of Narcissistic Slang Terms  Psychology TodayWhen I first entered the online conversation about narcissistic personality disorder, I discovered that a number of slang terms were being used to describe ...
DOJ Acknowledges Psychologist Cleared Jeffrey Epstein From Suicide Watch  NPRThe Justice Department acknowledges that a psychologist working in the New York federal detention center where disgraced financier Jeffrey Epstein was held ...
The Strange Link Between Pet Ownership and Cancer In Women  Psychology TodayThe results of three new studies on the relationship between cancer and pet ownership are good news for dog owners and men, but bad news for women who ...
Tech time not to blame for teens' mental health problems: Study of 400 teens finds little evidence linking excessive smartphone use and mental health outcomes  Science DailyA new study suggests that the time adolescents are spending on their phones and online is not that bad. The study tracked young adolescents on their ...
South Texas VA hires first-ever suicide prevention psychologist  FOX 29SAN ANTONIO - Veteran suicide is a top priority for the local veteran affairs office. Which is why they hired their first-ever suicide prevention psychologist.
Transgender 'conversion therapy' associated with 'severe psychological distress'  NBCNews.comA study published in JAMA Psychiatry is one of the first to highlight the psychological impact of efforts to change a trans person's gender identity.
A 17-Item Checklist Geared to Neutralize Early Life Distress  Psychology TodayA growing body of evidence suggests that boosting positive childhood experiences before the age of 18 may reduce the negative impact of adverse childhood ...
Two Concepts of the True Self  Psychology TodayWhat do we really mean by the notion of a "true self"? It depends on how we think about authenticity.
Can Dogs Be Racist?  Psychology TodayAccording to their caretakers, some dogs develop racist prejudices. The reasons may be similar to how children develop such attitudes.

Precognition or Circadian Rhythm?

The bodies natural clock or circadian rhythm seems to have... Read More

A Look at The Brain

The endless, immeasurable brain. It does seem like more we... Read More

What is Narcissism?

A pattern of traits and behaviours which signify infatuation and... Read More

What Is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a medical condition. It is... Read More

Its Never Too Late

First of all, a bit of background: A high school... Read More

Parapsychology: Maximizing Effectivity Of Targeted Controlled Remote Viewing Techniques

Individuals with a solid working knowledge of Controlled Remote Viewing... Read More

The Joan of Arc Complex

Sometimes I think that I have a mental health problem... Read More

Cult De-Programming?

The following good work from a person engaged in trying... Read More

Gay Men Psychology

Gay men are said to be usually third or further... Read More

What is the Treatment for Bipolar Disorder?

How do we treat bipolar disorder? Specifically, how do we... Read More

Metaphors of the Mind (Part I)

The brain (and, by implication, the Mind) has been compared... Read More

The Essence of Being Human

What does it mean to be Human? Well if you... Read More

What Causes Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

The most recent models that attempt to describe what is... Read More

Robotic Bonding Thru Human First Love Memory Replication

Many Science Fiction authors have discussed in many works the... Read More

On Dis-ease

We are all terminally ill. It is a matter of... Read More

Split Personality - A Myth or a Reality?

IntroductionIn this world today, there are a lot of unbelievable... Read More

Dredging the Truth

To seek and find truth requires that we communicate within... Read More

Kids and Lifebooks: Tips for Social Workers

Every child who is adopted from foster care deserves a... Read More

Waking Up in the Middle of a Good Dream

When the brain is asleep and in REM dream mode... Read More

Get Out of Jail Free: Stop Being Defensive

When Marcus and Sally first met they immediately felt like... Read More

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Nightmare After The Ordeal

Sarah is a 28 y/o accountant who had a traumatic... Read More

Are All Dementias Alzheimer?s?

I'm surprised when some patients and caregivers confuse dementia and... Read More

Metaphors of the Mind (Part II)

Storytelling has been with us since the days of campfire... Read More

Eating Disorders and the Narcissist

Patients suffering from eating disorders binge on food and sometimes... Read More

What are the 4 Brainwave Patterns and How Do They Effect Your Health

WHAT ARE BRAINWAVES?Every moment of your life your brain is... Read More