Key Solution Focus Interviewing Skills

There are several key Solution Focus interviewing skills that are indispensable in moving individuals from problem focus to solution focus.

Exploration
Exploring the meaning helpee is giving to words, situation, experience. Solution Focus helper provides direction; helps the helpee uncover concrete and relevant feelings, experiences, and behaviors. Solution Focus helpers do not interpret meaning for the helpee but allow the helpee to interpret their meaning for us. We rely on the helpee's expertise and therefore ask questions such as: "what does that mean to you?" or "what is happening that is telling you nobody likes you?"

Open-ended Questioning
Well thought out and relevant questions that cannot be answered with a yes or no. For example, you might ask, "Suppose things did get better for you, what would need to be different?"

Summarizing
Helper brings together in a summary way relevant verbalizations; a restatement of helpee's thoughts, actions, or feelings. It strings together an overview of the message.

Paraphrasing
Helper gives back to the person the overall essence of what has just been said by shortening and clarifying helpee's comments. Paraphrasing indicates to the helpee that he/she has been heard.

Silence
Helper is tolerant of helpee's periods of silences without feeling a need to "jump in" with talk. By remaining silent, you provide them with the opportunity to process an answer. If your question was thought provoking, helpees will need time to think about their response. Try to refrain from answering the question yourself or leading the helpee with an answer. If the silence becomes unproductive, you may utilize another Solution Focus skill.

Complimenting
Helper gives a direct ? positive evaluation in response to helpee. Qualities such as resiliency, determination, sense of humor and so forth, are helpees' strengths. Noticing these can have significant affect on helpee's perception of the situation they are articulating. For example, "In light of all that is going on with you, I'm amazed by your ability to still get up every morning and get your children ready for school. I am not sure I could do it and I really admire your inner strength." Helper may give indirect compliments as well. Indirect compliments is a question that implies something positive about the helpee's such as, "How have you managed working a full time job and provide good parenting for your children at the same time?" Any form of helper using compliments is to capitalize on helpee's self compliments. For example, a helpee may say, "I quit smoking because I got smart." The helper, recognizing the compliment as a sign of progress will reinforce it with questions such as, "Are you more aware of your inner strength?" Understand that the helper is not just throwing out compliments for the sake of compliments, but compliments are reality-based. That is, it is derived from what helpee has communicated to you. It reinforces in the helpee's mind what is important to them.

Affirmations
In Solution Focus, affirming helpee perception is crucial to the helping process. It is the helper's ability to convey understanding of helpee's feelings, thoughts, actions and life experience. Affirmation of perceptions can be done through gestures (nods, smiles, uh-huh, etc.), or verbalizations: "From what you have shared with me, I can understand why you lost your temper." Affirming and exploring helpee's perception is a major part of Solution Focus interviewing.

Amplifying "solution talk"
Solution talk addresses what aspects of their life helpee want different and the possibility for making these changes. Though most helpees' cling to the proclivity to do problem talk, if redirected, they will engage in solution talk. The helper's role is to know when they have returned to solution talk and to encourage as much solution details (amplification) as possible. The key to engaging helpees' in solution talk is to be keenly attuned to what they would like to be different as they discuss their problem talk (troubles, problems, etc). Inherent is all discussions of problems is the desire for change or success. These are the hints of possibilities helpees' give during conversation even though they may not be aware of it.

Normalizing
Solution Focus understands that when confronting difficulties and problems, people often lose perspective. Overwhelmed and overcome by the pain and tension associated with the problematic issues, individuals often feel as though they have lost control and the situation unsolvable. Normalizing involves responding to problem talk by wondering with clients if perhaps their difficulties are not within the range of ordinary problems of everyday living. For example, a parishioner of mine talked about the troubles she was having with her 13 year old daughter. She feels her daughter is growing up too fast and is becoming defiant to house rules. The parishioner was asked, "Do you think what she is doing is normal behavior for 13 years olds?" Another way the question could have been posed: "sounds like you daughter may be displaying typical teenage behavior, what do you think?" What is of primary importance too is to listen to client or helpee's response to your normalizing question. You will be listening for clues about what helpee want different. Normalization is a useful Solution Focus tool as it offers individuals an opportunity to detoxify their difficulties.

Returning Focus to Client
Many people, when discussing their issues, focus on what they wish others would do differently. It is as though they are powerless and subject to the whim of others. In order for helpees' to move from a state of powerlessness to empowerment, Solution Focus counseling help them return the spotlight on themselves. They will be encouraged to shift their focus from what they do not appreciate about others and focus on what they would like to have happen differently. This is what Shazer calls the change from problem talk to solution talk.

Reframing
This is a powerful change stratagem used to assist individuals in shifting the meaning they make of their experience of events, people, relationships and circumstances. The interpretive "frame" people put around their experience determines the meaning it has for them. Helping them to alter the meaning or value of something, "reframes" context. If people experiencing difficulty can shift their frame from a negative, closed perspective, they have the possibility of moving away from their positions and opening up new possibilities for resolution. For example, a woman demeans her partner by relating his negative qualities (frame of reference). Of course, he has some positives that she is overlooking. Solution Focus systematically encourages discussion around these positives thereby engaging the woman in a discussion of the partner from a different context (reframing the reference).

Rev. Saundra L. Washington, D.D., is an ordained clergywoman, social worker, and Founder of AMEN Ministries. http://www.clergyservices4u.org She is also the author of two coffee table books: Room Beneath the Snow: Poems that Preach and Negative Disturbances: Homilies that Teach. Her new book, Out of Deep Waters: A Grief Healing Workbook, will be available soon.

In The News:

Skills Enhancement Tutor, Psychology job with EDINBURGH NAPIER UNIVERSITY | 180303  Times Higher Education (THE)Skills Enhancement Tutor, Psychology in Permanent, £30001 - £40000, Tutors, Psychology with EDINBURGH NAPIER UNIVERSITY. Apply Today.
How do superstitions affect our psychology and well-being?  Medical News TodayThis Friday the 13th, we take a look at the psychological mechanisms of superstitions and their effect on mental health and well-being.
Why Jeffrey Epstein loved evolutionary psychology  The OutlineWhen not abusing adolescent girls, Jeffrey Epstein enjoyed the company of powerful men. He cultivated relationships with businessmen and politicians like Bill ...
Developmental psychology: One good turn deserves another  Science DailyFive-year-olds enforce reciprocal behavior in social interactions. A study shows that children come to recognize reciprocity as a norm between the ages of 3 and ...
The Common Personality Traits People Wish They Didn’t Have  Psychology TodayThe traits of people with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, according to new research, develop over time. A new study shows how these very common ...
5 Ways to Use Psychology to Improve Your Content Marketing  Search Engine JournalPsychology is the cornerstone of all marketing, especially when it comes to persuasion. Here are five tips to improve your *content* marketing with psychoogy.
The Psychology of Bullying  WCAIWhy do bullys bully, and what makes someone a target? How has the advent of social media effected bullying? What happens when bystanders stand up to a.
Health and Well-Being: Groundbreaking changes in depth psychology and therapy  The Daily News of NewburyportPsychology and psychotherapy are on the threshold of groundbreaking changes. The underpinnings of most psychology and therapy look limited and ...
Global psychology  The Sun DailyFOR those seeking a career as a researcher or professional psychologist, now is the time to take on Monash University Malaysia's Bachelor of Psycholog...
Why Millennials Are So Lonely  Psychology TodayWith social media as a potential facilitator, what are the other factors, psychological processes, and cognitive influences leading Millenials to feel lonelier?
Adolescence and the Psychology of Self-Defeat  Psychology TodaySelf-defeating behavior occurs either when the immediate strategy chosen for coping makes one's life situation worse, or when, in yielding to some temptation, ...
You Play With Your Eyes: Visual Psychology Wins The Prize Growth mindset is the key in  Baseball AmericaDuring a recent college baseball visit, I was asked to define the term "visual psychology" to the coaching staff, faculty and players in attendance. Rather than ...
Opinion: The psychology behind taking dirty money from Jeffrey Epstein  Los Angeles TimesWhy do good people take bad money? And what are the insidious effects of doing so? These are puzzles surrounding Jeffrey Epstein, the convicted sex offender ...
Psychologists Warn Parents, Climate Change Alarmists Against Causing 'Eco-Anxiety' in Children  NewsweekPsychologists warned parents and guardians about being climate change alarmists, noting an increasing number of children who are being treated for ...
Donald Trump, king of chaos: New research on right-wing psychology points toward big trouble ahead  SalonDonald Trump is the King of Chaos. He has lied at least 12,000 times since becoming president of the United States. These lies are often obvious and lazy ...
Children suffering eco-anxiety over climate change, say psychologists  Yahoo NewsChildren are increasingly suffering anxiety and grief about climate change, British psychologists said on Thursday, advising parents to discuss the issue in an ...
Highlights of American Psychological Association Conference on Technology, Mind and Society  NewswiseThe conference will focus on efforts to understand and shape the interactions of human beings and technology. Topics to be presented include whether virtual ...
ISU psychology professor to give keynote speech on culturally responsive clinical services - News  Illinois State University NewsThe Illinois School Psychology Internship Consortium and Central Illinois Area Health Education Center will present a continuing professional development ...
SAU's Kardas edits prehistory psychology book  Magnolia Banner NewsDr. Edward Kardas, distinguished professor of psychology and Honors College director at Southern Arkansas University, is a co-editor on the recently-published ...
Australian Psychologist Helped Perverts Become Priests for 30 Years  Church Militantby William Mahoney, Ph.D. • ChurchMilitant.com • September 19, 2019 14 Comments. At least 16 predators were admitted to seminary. You are not signed in as ...
Bernstein: Struggling Bears Offense Changes Fan Psychology  670 The Score(670 The Score) It took me a while to figure out the reason I don't enjoy gambling, but it finally became clear. I hate the feeling of losing money and get no ...
'Counsellor' Lutterodt can't counsel on radio, TV - Psychology Council  Myjoyonline.comThe Ghana Psychology Council has said popular radio and TV personality, George Lutterodt, cannot hold himself as a Counsellor.
Māori psychology school pitched to counter shortage  Stuff.co.nzAt the moment, five per cent of Kiwi psychologists are Māori and a Waikato researcher says the system needs to change.
Professor / Assistant / Associate in Psychology job with DUKE KUNSHAN UNIVERSITY (DKU) | 180216  Times Higher Education (THE)Duke Kunshan University (DKU) invites applications for multiple faculty positions in Psychology. We are particularly interested in hiring individuals who have ...
The Psychology of School Choice  Foundation for Economic EducationMany parents take for granted that the local public school option or the type of school they (parents) attended will automatically be the best option. What happens ...
Those with autism make good social psychologists  Medical XpressAutism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by the inability of individuals to gauge the emotions and mental states of other people. However, if the lens is ...
The Psychology of the “Foodie Call”  Psychology TodayNew research looks at why some women accept dates just to get free meals, but in the process it uncovers hidden dynamics in the modern dating scene.
Doctor of Psychology degree coming soon to Austin Peay State University  Clarksville Leaf ChronicleThis will be the second doctoral program at Austin Peay. In the fall of 2018, the Doctor of Education (Ed.D.) degree was launched.
New psychology research indicates being unable to regulate positive emotion is linked to negative outcomes  PsyPostScientists are beginning to investigate the importance of being able to attenuate positive emotions. A new study, published in the Journal of Personality ...
September 2019  Psychology TodayA new book asks whether the world's biggest virtual-reality game is the world itself. As unlikely as it seems, it may make you wonder the same thing. America's ...
Programme Director in Mental Health and Health Psychology job with ST MARYS UNIVERSITY, TWICKENHAM | 179516  Times Higher Education (THE)Faculty: Faculty of Sport, Health and Applied Science Responsible to: Head of Department – Psychology and Pedagogic Science Starting Salary: Programme ...
Toward a Positive Evolutionary Psychology  Scientific AmericanIf I did not think you a good tempered & truth loving man I should not tell you that . . . I have read your book with more pain than pleasure. Parts of it I admired ...
How to Reduce Social Anxiety and Bullying in Youth  Psychology TodayThere are problematic sociological trends, including a generational increase in anxiety, conflict, and conflict aversion.
Psychological Flexibility: A Core Mental Health Asset  Psychology TodayMultiple theorists have pegged psychological flexibility as one key to mental wellbeing.
Is the Joker Hypersane?  Psychology TodayThe psychology and philosophy of Batman's Joker.
A Connection Between Motivation and Brain Inflammation  Psychology TodayNew animal research identifies a possible link between acute inflammation of the cerebellum and "depression-like" symptoms marked by a decrease in ...
11 Ways Plants Enhance Your Mental and Emotional Health  Psychology TodayWhat do trees, shrubs, grasses, green plants, parks, beaches, open fields, and flowering gardens have to do with your mental health? Just about everything ...
Stanford psychology expert: This is the No. 1 skill parents need to teach their kids—but most don't  CNBCWant to raise smart and successful kids? Teaching them how to stay focused and indistractable is a skill that will serve them well no matter what life path they ...
It Can't Be All That Bad  Psychology TodayWe accept the fact that because the human brain is by far the most complex entity in the universe our grasp of how it works and what to do when things go wrong ...
Megan Fox suffered 'psychological breakdown' from being hypersexualized  Page SixMegan Fox says she suffered a "genuine psychological breakdown" while filming "Jennifer's Body" because she felt hypersexualized.
Research Fellow, School of Psychology job with QUEENS UNIVERSITY BELFAST | 180090  Times Higher Education (THE)Application closing date 07/10/2019. Salary £33,797 to £40,322 per annum. Job category/type Research Attachments. Job description. Queen's University ...
Two Concepts of the True Self  Psychology TodayWhat do we really mean by the notion of a "true self"? It depends on how we think about authenticity.
Is Social Media Toxic to Your Teen's Mental Health?  Psychology TodayNew research finds that social media hurts our teenagers' mental health, but another recent study disagrees. How do we reconcile them?
Chronic pain research: Linking psychology, sociology, and neuroscience  Medical News TodayUnderstanding chronic pain is challenging. A recent study examined the interplay between sociological, psychological, and neurological factors.
Those with autistic traits may make good social psychologists Ashley Qin Sep 17, 1:01 am  Yale Daily NewsA recent Yale study found that individuals with autism spectrum disorder traits are as good or even slightly better social psychologists than those who do not ...
Malcolm Gladwell: ‘I’m just trying to get people to take psychology seriously’  The GuardianThe Canadian writer made his name bringing intellectual sparkle to everyday subjects, and his new book - about how strangers interact with each other - is no ...
5 Easy Ways to Boost Your Brain Health  Psychology TodayDespite their popularity, there is little evidence to support the effectiveness of brain supplements. Save your cash and try these easy, science-backed techniques ...
Why People Get Tattoos  Psychology TodayWhen tattoos first emerged in the 1800s, they were considered a sign of being a criminal or deviant. Today, they are increasingly commonplace. According to ...
Robert Shiller: Trump has a 'psychological' impact on Fed, economy  Yahoo FinanceViral stories drive the economy - and maybe even Fed behavior, famed Yale economist Robert Shiller told Yahoo Finance.
Negative Memory Bias and Depression  Psychology TodayWhen experiencing a depressive episode, one may begin to view the world through a depressive schema.
New research on right-wing psychology points toward big trouble ahead  Raw StoryDonald Trump is the King of Chaos. He has lied at least 12,000 times since becoming president of the United States. These lies are often obvious and lazy ...
Are You Sabotaging Your Relationship?  Psychology TodayA new study suggests nine ways people put their romantic relationships at risk.
New psychology research reveals men’s motives for sending unsolicited dick pics  PsyPostMen who send unsolicited images of their private parts primarily do so with the hopes of receiving either similar images or sexual interactions in return, ...
The Good Grief Network: Support group helps to deal with psychological effects of climate change  CBS NewsAs the planet continues to deal with the effects of climate change, the American Psychological Association says more people are dealing with eco-anxiety, ...
13 best psychological thrillers that will completely twist your brain  Times of IndiaHere are some clever psychological thrillers filled with twists that will keep you hooked:
Telling the truth on trans issues got me cancelled: one psychologist's story  The Post MillennialThis is a warning to other psychologists who are seeking to balance compassion for trans people with the legitimate concerns of other members of society.
Do You Have "Quiet BPD"?  Psychology TodayIf you have Quiet BPD, rather than act out, you act in. You do not show your inner turmoil, but direct the anger, hate, and blame toward yourself.
No, You Don't Always Need to Forgive  Psychology TodayAmong the blog posts I've written, one of the most popular remains "Why We Need Closure." I think the reason is because it details the painful experiences that ...
Thinking of seeing a psychologist? Here's how to choose the therapy best for you  The Conversation AUPsychologists use a number of different methods, including cognitive behaviour therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, and behavioural activation.
Stressed out? Losing sleep? A Philly psychologist says pen and paper might offer relief.  The Philadelphia InquirerIt's not a first-line mental health treatment, but studies show that people who write about what's bothering them may enjoy more peace of mind, and even get ...
Bad to the bone or just bad behavior? Psychologist examines how perceptions of human morality influence behavior  Science DailyA new study suggests that the way we perceive others' bad behavior -- as either biological and innate or potentially changeable -- impacts our willingness to cut ...
When the psychologist needs therapy too  Economic TimesVarsha Makhija, a 36-year-old clinical psychologist from Mumbai, was at a restaurant with her family one evening. “Suddenly, at 11 pm, a client called to say they ...
Are You Troubled by Negative Intrusive Thoughts?  Psychology TodayMost of us like to feel in control, especially when it comes to our mind. Have you ever had a strange, unwanted thought suddenly pop in your head, one that ...
How South Dakota's school psychologists are bracing for crises  Sioux Falls Argus LeaderGraduate students at USD can now get course credit for knowing how to prepare students for major, sudden negative life events.
A New Advance in Understanding Anorexia Nervosa  Psychology TodayA recent study provides evidence that anorexia nervosa is both a psychiatric and metabolic disorder.
Psychologist receives $2.5 million National Institutes of Health grant to launch intervention program for pregnant women exposed to violence // College of Arts and Letters // University of Notre Dame  ND NewswireWomen are most likely to experience violence from their intimate partners when they are young — and when they are pregnant. Exposure to violence during that ...
Pell’s accuser had treatment for psychological problems  The AustralianAnybody who attempts to tell the High Court what it should do is tempting fate. But, with the greatest respect, here are some possible reasons why the court might ...
Psychology professor sentenced to five years probation — more than a year after taking photos up a colleague's skirt  Mustang NewsCal Poly psychology and child development professor Jason Williams was sentenced to five years of probation and fined $221 for using his cell phone to take ...
Parents condemn B.C. psychologist's choice to retire rather than face hearing for role in custody cases  CBC NewsDr. Allan Posthuma was an expert witnesses in child custody cases for decades. But his work has recently been the subject of five investigations by B.C.'s ...
How Confident Are You that Your Relationship Will Last?  Psychology TodayBelieving your relationship is strong may be the key to achieving this positive outcome. New research on relationship confidence shows 5 ways to find whether ...
A Parental Primer for Understanding Diagnosis  Psychology TodayFor mental health specialists in clinical practice, diagnosis is challenging. Defining a predetermined categorization that fits presenting behavioral manifestations ...
Tangled: Escaping the Five-Story Tower of Narcissistic Abuse  Psychology TodayAre you tangled in a "toxic" relationship at home or work with a narcissist? Learn what narcissism really is. How do you get out of it or how can you manage it ...
The Relationship Between Autoimmune and Eating Disorders  Psychology TodayA new study examined the relationship between autoimmune diseases and eating disorders in a sample of 2.5 million participants.
Marital Satisfaction Is Linked to Women’s Sexual Desire  Psychology TodayNew research shows that declines in women's sexual desire over time predicts declining marital satisfaction for both members of a couple.
Ritual suffering improves psychological well-being  EurekAlertAccording to a new study published in Current Anthropology, an extreme ritual involving bodily mutilation has no detectable long-term harmful effects on ...
Can You Predict If Your Partner Will Be Unfaithful?  Psychology TodayWhen we enter into a long-term sexual relationship, we expect our partner to be completely committed to us. We want to believe they'll be faithful to us, but is ...
When Therapy Makes Things Worse  Psychology TodaySurfacing our demons, digging deep into our neuroses, exploring our habit patterns, and challenging our belief systems comes at a cost.
The Magic Wand of Psychological Research  Psychology TodayI've been doing research in the behavioral sciences going back to my Research Methods class at the University of Connecticut in Spring 1990. If you're counting, ...
Now Therapists Have to Figure Out Astrology, Tarot and Psychedelics  The New York TimesPatients are confronting psychotherapists with a *fresh* pile of really useful challenges.
TIFF Review: 'Pelican Blood' is a Psychological Supernatural Thriller About a Mother's Love  The Film StageWriter/director Katrin Gebbe is not messing around with her latest film Pelican Blood. What starts as a psychological drama about a mother desperate to provide.
Optimism Study Gives Optimists More Reason to Be Optimistic  Psychology TodayOptimism is associated with living longer, according to a recently published, decades-long study.
What the Heck is Trauma & Can Mindfulness Help Treat It?  Psychology TodayTrauma is not what you think it is. Mindfulness and mindfulness-based therapies can be especially helpful in treating trauma.
“I’m Going Through Some Psychological Things Right Now” — After Recent Medical Scare, Dog the Bounty Hunter Shares Mental Health Struggles  SurvivorNetAfter being rushed to the hospital with chest pain earlier this week, Dog the Bounty Hunter is opening up about the psychological effects of losing Beth.
The psychology behind pricing a home in the luxury sphere  InmanPricing a home can be tricky in the luxury market, so we got some of the top luxe agents to share how they work through pricing with high-net-worth sellers.
'psychological blow' Increase to unemployment a 'psychological blow'  The Weekly TimesSwitzer Financial Services founder Peter Switzer says the unemployment rate increase from 5.2 to 5.3 per cent is a “psyc... Most Viewed. 1. Horror clean-up after ...
Two Austin psychologists, recruiter sentenced in health care kickback scheme  KXAN.comAUSTIN (KXAN) — A federal judge sentenced two Austin psychologists and a Cedar Park patient recruiter on Monday for healthcare offenses. The recruiter ...
John Maughan recounts unique demands of replay psychology GAA  RTE.ieAhead of this weekend's All-Ireland final replay, former Mayo manager John Maughan recalls the task he had in getting his side focused for the second day out ...
How do psychological factors impact endometriosis pain?  Contemporary ObgynA link seems to exist between psychological/cognitive factors and the pain experience of women with a diagnosis of endometriosis, according to a recent study.
Consumption of Locally Produced Food Has Positive Impact on Metabolic and Psychological Factors  Clinical AdvisorConsumption of locally produced food without additives is associated with reduced blood pressure and visceral fat, as well as with improved mood.
Is Work Making You Ill?  Psychology TodayNew research shows that work-related distress can multiply the risk of frequent headaches, gastrointestinal symptoms, insomnia, binge-eating and reliance on ...
Megan Fox suffered 'genuine psychological breakdown' after being sexualized  Toronto SunMegan Fox underwent a “genuine psychological breakdown” following the release of Jennifer's Body back in 2009.The 33-year-old actress faced criticism when ...
How Do We Regulate Emotions in Depression and Anxiety?  Psychology TodayThe way we regulate emotions affects depression and anxiety, requiring discretion in how we use limited resources. New research helps define high-value ...
Psychological operations: Global attempts at social disinformation  ValueWalkToday, countries like Russia and China are conducting global psychological operations through social media and internet platforms.
Conversion therapy associated with severe psychological distress in transgender people, study says  Washington PostTransgender people exposed to conversion therapy to change their gender identities, particularly as children, are at a greater risk of psychological distress than ...
Weaving Together the Art and Science of Therapy  Psychology TodayThanks to a few visionary thinkers, the practice of psychological therapy is now firmly anchored in science. But it remains as much an art as it is a science.
John Hopkins Psychiatrist: 'Gender Confusions Are Mostly Driven by Psychological and Psychosocial Problems'  CNSNews.comDr. Paul R. McHugh, the Distinguished *Service* Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins University and former psychiatrist–in-chief for Johns Hopkins Hospital, ...
A Glossary of Narcissistic Slang Terms  Psychology TodayWhen I first entered the online conversation about narcissistic personality disorder, I discovered that a number of slang terms were being used to describe ...
'I thought psychologists were for crazy people': can therapy help refugees?  The GuardianFor Muntaser, it's the memory of militiamen raiding his village in Darfur. For Ahmad, who fled Afghanistan as a child, it's the terrible vision of his father murdering ...
Review: Tensions simmer in ‘People of the Book,’ a delicate psychological thriller at ACT  Seattle TimesAn Iraq war veteran returns with a complex wife and a troublesome tale in this world premiere from playwright Yussef El Guindi, who pens exquisitely ...
These 10 Psychological Thrillers Will Get You in the Mood for Fall  ParadeThere are few things better than a suspense novel that quite literally takes your breath away. For fans of psychological thrillers that will get your heart pumping, ...

Creating A Winning Mindset

Do you know anyone who always wins? Sure you know... Read More

No Picnic In Sight

Upon being diagnosed with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, I saw the reality... Read More

What is the Theory of Multiple Intelligences? Part 2: Cultural Influence

Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences developed as he worked... Read More

Do You Love Your Body?

Through out the course of one's life one is faced... Read More

Artificial Intelligence - What Have We Learned Through Natural Ignorance?

During the late '80s and early '90s, I had the... Read More

Four Cognitive Skills for Successful Learning

The word "cognition" is defined as "the act of knowing"... Read More

The Offspring of Aeolus - On the Incest Taboo

Incest is not such a clear-cut matter as it has... Read More

Biometrics

ABSTRACTBiometric identification refers to identifying an individual based on his/her... Read More

What is the Theory of Multiple Intelligences? Part 1: Biological Basis

Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences is based on the... Read More

Waking Up in the Middle of a Good Dream

When the brain is asleep and in REM dream mode... Read More

Short Story: The Next Level of Humanity

"Hey Mac, have you ever been thinking of someone and... Read More

Hypnotic Myths

Even though hypnosis has been around officially since the 1700s... Read More

Anti-Social Behaviors and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Anti-social behaviors are common with ADHD individuals. About 60% of... Read More

Narcissism, Substance Abuse, and Reckless Behaviours

Pathological narcissism is an addiction to Narcissistic Supply, the narcissist's... Read More

Subconscious Drives Make You Unhappy

Feelings and emotions are nerve impulses.The feel of paper and... Read More

Dogs Use Psycho-Cybernetics To Accomplish Goals

Dogs picture in their minds an event of an activity... Read More

The Psychology of Torture

There is one place in which one's privacy, intimacy, integrity... Read More

Right Brain, Left Brain

The right brain controls the left side of the body... Read More

A Jungian Approach to Mental Illness

All of us suffer from some form of emotional distress... Read More

Establishing Trust in Grief Management Groups

Trust is the basis of all human relationships. Trust can... Read More

Time Out of Mind

Let us first consider the role of time in our... Read More

On Empathy

The Encyclopaedia Britannica (1999 edition) defines empathy as:"The ability to... Read More

The Attention Spanner

After a long and patient wait in queue, you reached... Read More

The Iron Mask - The Common Sources of Personality Disorders

Do all personality disorders have a common psychodynamic source?To what... Read More

How Big of a Problem is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder - "ADD" or "ADHD" - affects... Read More