Split Personality - A Myth or a Reality?

Introduction

In this world today, there are a lot of unbelievable diseases. One of them is the disease of human's mind, and a split personality is counted as one of the disease. Not many of people around the world believe if this disease really exists or not, or they rather think that the person is acting.

I was on my way from Bangalore to Mumbai and on the way, as I was interacting with one person and suddenly we got this topic, "Split Personalities" and started discussing about it.

When I was in collage, I had one very good friend, by name Mr. T. Kiran Kumar. The uniqueness of our relation was our compatibility and depth of understanding. If we are with kids, or classmates or elderly people or uneducated people or females or highly intellectuals, how we will behave, was purely on the type of circle or group we were into. Believe me, our attitude, approach, behavior, and the way to react to a situation was based on the type of group we were into. Does that mean that we were having split personalities? If that is the case then all of us are having split personalities. We behave differently with our family members, with our friends, our spouse, and unknown people, right? Lets see.

Let us understand the term "Split Personality".

Definition of Split Personality: "A relatively rare dissociative disorder in which the usual integrity of the personality breaks down and two or more independent personalities emerge".

Explanation: There is no category or phenomenon in psychiatry called split personality. The term is commonly used in popular language to indicate a contradictory or drastically and dramatically alternating type of behavior of the"Jekyll and Hyde" type. It is often confused with the medical illness of schizophrenia because the etymology of the latter (from the Greek schizein, to split + phren, mind) suggests, misleadingly, that schizophrenia is a type of split personality. In schizophrenia, however, the splitting is within one single personality as the individual's thoughts, feelings and emotions are seriously and confusingly disconnected from each other in a chaotic and random fashion. Schizophrenic individuals, far from having split or multiple personalities, actually have a great struggle maintaining the coherence and integrity of even a single self.

Before proceeding further lets try and understand as what do be mean by term "Personality".

HUMAN PERSONALITY

THERE are three distinct meanings for the term "personality," two of them general and popular and the third technical and philosophical. The first and most general meaning is that personality is the sum of the characteristics, which make up physical and mental being. These include appearance, manners, habits, tastes and moral character. The second meaning emphasizes the characteristics that distinguish one person from another. The two meanings overlap or merge into each other, as the first considers all characteristics pertaining to the individual, without comparing him with others, while the second sees the same facts in relation to the outside world and fixes attention mainly upon the features that distinguish the subject from his fellows. This second meaning is equivalent to individuality. It represents a widely prevalent conception of the term.

But the third meaning is the most important, and is the only conception of any value to the psychic researcher and the philosopher or psychologist. This conception of personality is concerned only with mental characteristics; it makes no distinction between common and specific marks. In fact it connotes mental processes rather than fixed qualities. The capacity for having mental states, or the fact of having them, constitutes personality for the psychologist and the philosopher. Personality is thus the stream of consciousness, regardless of the question whether any special state is constant or casual, essential or unessential. Physical marks will have no place in this conception, unless they may serve as symbols of mental states. It abstracts from them and denotes only the stream of mental phenomena.

This third meaning is so radically different from the other two that it gives rise to perpetual misunderstandings between the philosopher and the public. These misunderstandings arise particularly in the discussion of survival after death. The layman with his conception of personality looks for physical phenomena of some kind to illustrate or prove it. Consequently, if interested in psychic phenomena at all, he prefers materialization, which best satisfies his conception of personality. He cannot take the point of view of the psychologist or the philosopher, who neglects these purely sensory characteristics, and fixes his attention on mental states as the proper conception of the personality, which may survive. Materialization would supply the very characteristics, which the layman fixes upon to represent personality. But precisely the fact that mental states are not presented to sense, leads the philosopher to conceive of immortality as possible.

If the layman's conception were correct the philosopher and psychologist would deny the possibility of survival with entire confidence, as a necessary implication of bodily dissolution. The day could be saved only by the doctrine of a "spiritual body," an It astral body," or an "ethereal organism," supposedly a replica of the physical organism in its spatial and other characteristics. These represent personality after the manner or analogy of the physical body. The real spirit may indeed have a transcendental bodily form; but the stream of consciousness remains the same whether there is any "spiritual body" or "ethereal organism" or not. This is the fundamental element in all conceptions of spiritual reality. It is not necessary to decide the question of a "spiritual body" or "ethereal organism" as the condition of believing in the existence of spirits. That is another and perhaps a secondary problem. What we need to know is, whether the stream of consciousness survives, whether the personal memory continues, not how it continues. The fact of survival is to be considered first and the condition of it afterwards.

Historical Review of "Split Personality"

Possible cases of split personality have been reported in the medical literature since the early 19th century, and the condition was formally defined in the first years of the 20th. But until recently it was considered extremely rare--fewer than 200 cases were described before 1980. The diagnosis became much more common in the 80s for several reasons. One was the phenomenal popularity of Flora Schreiber's 1973 book Sybil, which told of a woman with 16 personalities. Stories of "multiples," fictionalized or otherwise, were nothing new--The Three Faces of Eve dates from 1954, "The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" from way back in 1886--but Sybil made a crucial innovation, introducing the idea that multiple personalities stemmed from trauma during early childhood. Around the same time, child protection advocates and feminists began arguing that child abuse, especially sexual abuse, occurred far more often than previously supposed. And in the late 70s, in a phenomenon thought to be linked to the resurgence of Christian fundamentalism, reports of so-called satanic ritual abuse first captured the public's imagination. Presented with, on one hand, allegations of an unrecognized epidemic of crimes against innocents and, on the other, a simple mechanism to explain why their troubled patients couldn't remember any abuse (i.e., the personality divides in order to shield itself from horrific memories), a small but devoted group of therapists began diagnosing multiple personality disorder with alarming frequency--more than 20,000 cases had been reported by 1990. Under the influence of hypnosis and other techniques, subjects reported dozens, hundreds, or even thousands of "alters" whose behavior, age, sex, language, and occasionally species differed from that of their everyday personas. Alters were coaxed into revealing bloodcurdling stories of abuse by family members, or of sacrificing their own babies to shadowy cults. One prominent multiple personality specialist claimed that the satanic network programmed alters into its victims, which it could then trigger to act in certain ways by sending them color-coded flowers. By the early 1990s it began to dawn on rational folk just how preposterous the whole business was. Having investigated more than 12,000 accusations over four years, researchers at the University of California, Davis, and the University of Illinois at Chicago determined that not a single case of satanic ritual abuse had been substantiated. A 1992 FBI study arrived at the same conclusion: overeager therapists had planted horror stories in the minds of their patients. In 1998 psychologist Robert Rieber made a convincing case, based on an analysis of audiotapes, that even the famous Sybil had confabulated her multiple personalities at the insistence of her therapist. The bubble burst, and diagnoses of multiple personalities subsided.

Some real Life Examples of Split Personalities

Case-1

The first patient is a man named William S. Milligan, he was caught by the charge of rape in Ohio at 1977. As police and the psychologists examined him, they found the unbelievable fact that he had several personalities. Here are the first ten personalities they found. In The Minds Of Billy Milligan;

1. The first personality is the main personality, Billy, twenty-seven years old, blue eyes, brown hair.

2. The second personality is Arthur, twenty-two years old, British. This personality and the next one are the keeper of the "Spot", where they can have the control of the body, or become themselves open to the outer world through the body of Billy.

3. The third personality is Leigen, twenty-three years old, Yugoslav, who knows how to fight and can use gun and other dangerous stuff, controls the hate.

4. Fourth personality is Allen, eighteen years old, talkative, only one who smoke and right handed.

5. Fifth personality is Tommy, sixteen years old, knows how to unlock chains or handcuffs, and the specialist of the electricity.

6. Sixth personality is Danny, fourteen years old, always scared to something especially man, blond hair, blue eyes.

7. Seventh personality is David, eight years old, controls pain, red-brown hair blue eyes.

8. Eighth personality is Christine, three years old, cannot talk, blond hair, female.

9. Ninth personality is Christopher, thirteen years old, brother of Christine.

10. For the last tenth personality, Adarana, nineteen years old, quiet, lesbian, female.

Those were the main ten personalities of the William S. Milligan. As if you wonder how they know their outlooks, William Milligan, Billy has a hobby of painting, or some of the personalities do. Therefore, they draw each other on the painting and that is how they get to know their outlooks.

Case-2

The woman's name is Claudia Ellen Yascow. She was arrested by the charge of killing four people, which they found later that she was not the suspect. However, it was not unnecessary for the police to think that she was the suspect, because she had information of the scene that cannot be known unless the person has been there. Even though the information was confusing and messy because of her mental disease, police believed her and thought that she was the suspect, for she knew even where the pot and other little detail was at when the crime occurred. She was caught once but let go after few month with the check of psychologist that she has a incubation type of split minds, and the lie detector found her answer to the question that she was not at the scene when the crime happened showed what she said is true, "No, I did not."

Her trouble is brought up mainly because of her mental disease, incubation type of split mind. Claudia is different, as she can always be herself even she is in a great pressure, but she will be losing a collect criterion to judge what kind of situation she is in. For example, when she was caught in jail, she truly thought that she was in a middle of movie taking and she was playing her rolls of main heroine. "Suddenly she put the smile on her face and said 'I never thought that I could have a great chance like this,' She leaned her head on the wall. 'I've always thought of having a chance to do a big act like a big actress. I do have some experience of acting in few films as a supporting player, but if I play this murderess act, maybe I can be very famous.' Dye stared at her and asked, 'You think we are making a film right now?' She slapped his hand softly, smiling, 'Oh Dye, you have seen all those cameras at the corridor and those of TV's. I hope I can have a deal with a lot of money coming in, you know it is kind of hard to act.'

As you can see above, by the shock she got from been captured by police, her mind had made an escape way from pain by believing that all the stuff going is an act and not a real deal. This is very close to what Billy has done to himself; only the difference is that fortunately, Claudia was not getting shocked when she was before teenager, but after she became an adult. I think that this is the reason why she was quite right in condition even though she had some mental problems since she was fourteen and had been looked after by a psychologist. Her case is still, with a great trouble, that in such a hard circumstance like in the police office, she would be nervous and will not be able to say what she really want to.

As she says in Unveiling Claudia, "If I am lying to you right now, that is anything but my will."(72) She is telling the truth here that her mind is trying to protect herself by not telling the truth about the matter, and she cannot help it. It is rather an act of her instinct, to let the shock coming above her because of telling and remembering the truth softer in order to not breakdown for it.

This has been appearing in the way of making the book. As she was making the confession about the murder, she always kept telling a one big story with half lie and half-truth. As you will find later that the truth was such a hard one that it was too much for her to remember it and telling it to the person who you met one or two years ago. This can be seen in Unveiling Claudia, " 'Claudia, I don't know what I should believe in you.' She put her hand on my shoulder and looked into my eye. 'I'm sorry Dan. I do trust you more than before. But not enough.'" This conversation was held more than two years past after they have met, and as you can see that she is very careful about telling the truth and that is why she kept telling lie, or something that she believed it was a truth and unfortunately it was not. Although she is always careful about telling the truth, she is always an easy person to make believe. If someone tells her that she has a superstitious power, she believes it and so on. This has prevented her from stopping the murder, because she had known that the real suspects of the case had planned to proceed the crime week before the murder. However, she was busy and also her weak mind was scared with the pressure what if she tell it to the victim and the what if the suspects would know about it and come after her? In the way of her mind escaping from the reality, she started to believe that it was an oracle, and she could not stop the crime. This story was one of the reason she was arrested once by the story told by her friend that she knew that the crime is going the happen a week before, and the truth was different.

The shocking truth was told on the end, and it was shocking enough for her mind to look for some escape way. On the night when crime has occurred, she was forced to go to the place with a gay, right after the murder had happened. The man was gay but he had a gun in his hand and she could not refuse to go there with him. Their car came in front of the house just in time when two suspects where killing the victim, and after they had gone away, they went to the house's garage where there was a one dead body of a man and one body of woman laying on the floor. Claudia was forced to put her hand into the dead woman's genitals and find a bag of drugs. Now, this is a real hard and sick experience for the twenty-six years old woman, or any other person in the world. She was shocked and her mind could not stand it and she has lost her memories in order to prevent the breakdown.

After few days she find herself knowing about that crime and could not find out why she know about it so much, she told the story to the police and they misjudged her as a criminal and put her in jail.

What They have to say

1st Feedback
Joshua (e-mail Id: [email protected]
Sanjeev,

My father is a metal health counselor here in the US. He has seen only 2 multiple personality disorders in his 20+ years of private practice. In both cases patients were former participants in covens. One was a willing participant and the other was supposedly the unwilling offspring of a "breeder" program.

Neither my father or I are generally prone to believe such things for the very reasons that you put forth in your article but never-the-less both patients exhibited classic multiple personality disorder symptomology. In the case of the unwilling participant he came to the conclusion that the majority of the damage to her psyche had been done by a previous therapist, when he met with the therapist and watched him work with her he was then certain that this was the case... Perhaps this fits with your theory of therapists putting ideas into peoples heads.

Unfortunately, this leaves a difficult problem to solve... Whether or not the problem is caused by a therapist or by some other external force, what is to be done with these people? Regardless of *how* they got that way they still deserve to be whole persons which will probably require further therapy... The *cause* of multiple personality disorder is not so important to determine for these patients as healing is.

The process used by my father in his therapy sessions is called re-integration where the personalities are not taught how to *co-exist* but rather how to re-integrate with the main persona or the core identified "true self" as discovered in therapy. This re-integration can be very simple or complicated depending on the strength of a particular personality.

For instance, if a person has one major alternate and several minor ones the minor ones would be integrated first before the major etc. The difficulty arises because for each personality present there is a tremendous loss of individuality for each one and in each case this loss of an individual "persona" is often felt as a grief or loss of a friend for the true self. As each personality is re-integrated the true self becomes more in tune with its own emotions and feels this grief more keenly. For this reason it is important to take things slowly and to address only personalities that emerge rather than force anything.

In many cases a persons sense of self may be so buried under all of these layers of 'others' that finding the true self may be the most difficult part of the therapeutic process. Often this self is so weak and lacking in will that it presents as a smaller, other personality. It takes caring, sensitivity and insight to help these people since this true self is often a very young child.

It might sound strange and eerie and it is... The problem with your argument of is it all in their head is that of course it is... Does that make it any less real for the people who suffer from it? It is very similar to people who experience vivid hallucinations, are those things real? No. Do they cause them grief and pain? Yes.

The question then becomes not about testing the *reality* of the multiple personality claim but instead helping the person experiencing it with care. Coming from the therapeutic standpoint that, if it is real for them, it is real.

Joshua

Now, what do you think, are there people with split personalities or not? Is this a truth or a drama? Looking forward to your comments and feedback.

Stay in touch and yes, do take care of your good self because you are precious.

Regards,

Sanjeev Sharma
E-mail: [email protected]; [email protected]
Blog: http://sanjeevhimachali.blogspot.com/

You can read my BPO related articles on www.bpoindia.org/research/

You can read my motivational and inspirational articles at www.ezinearticles.com

In The News:

UTSA psychologist helps train first responders on the front line of the opioid crisis  EurekAlertJames Bray, professor and chair of the UTSA Department of Psychology, is working on a research project with agencies in Houston to train first responders in ...
What is the psychology of schadenfreude?  Big ThinkFew words capture as much meaning as schadenfreude. But we do we enjoy it when others fail or come to harm? Under what conditions does it happen, and ...
Shopper Psychology: How to Use Basic Psychology to Increase Online and Offline Sales [Infographic]  Social Media TodayAre you looking for ways to increase sales on your eCommerce website? Utilizing basic psychology can help encourage more people to buy from you, but you ...
Nutritional Psychology and Its Impact on Emergency Responders  JEMS.comRecognizing the ongoing stress and mental health crisis in our field, this article focuses on the consequences of poor nutrition and its biological impact through ...
How to be better at online dating, according to psychology  NBC NewsResearch on attractiveness, persuasion, and what makes relationships work can tell us a lot about how to use dating apps.
‘The Act’ Star Joey King Breaks Down the Physicality and Psychology of Transforming Into Gypsy Rose Blanchard  VarietyJoey King had a big 2018 with Netflix teen romance “The Kissing Booth” and is now making a star turn in Hulu and UCP's anthology series “The Act.” For her role ...
The psychology of fear and hate, and what each of us can do to stop it  The Conversation AUResearch shows that many members of dominant groups perceive minorities and immigrant groups as a threat, which builds up to fear and hate. We can all do ...
Why Dogs Are Loved and Valued More Than Cats  Psychology TodayNew data shows why people care more about dogs than cats. However, it is only true if the dogs don't act like cats.
Rise in number of young callers seeking psychological help  The HinduHelplines offering psychological support have been getting more calls from youngsters in recent years. While there was better awareness on the availability of ...
This Is the Most Effective Way to Handle a Lazy Employee, According to Psychology  Inc.Most of us think we know laziness when we see it--the employee who routinely turns in work late, the student who waits until the last possible moment to start ...
Blood by Maggie Gee review – slapstick and psychology  The GuardianAbsurdist elements undermine Maggie Gee's novel about a family riven by violence.
The psychology of fear and hate: Christchurch attacks must be dealt with as pure act of terrorism  WIONWhat could prompt a person to mow down Muslim worshippers in a mosque who had congregated there for the Friday prayer? Sheer hatred is the answer.
Chaminade University to Continue Argosy Psychology Program  HawaiipublicradioChaminade University has gained approval from a court appointed manager to continue the doctoral program in clinical psychology previously run by the now.
Psychology patients have unmet demand for male therapists  Sydney Morning HeraldMany psychology patients would prefer to see a male therapist, possibly because they are considered "more authoritative".
Psychology, editing and production in the era of horror films  Lee Clarion OnlineHorror films, thrillers, scary movies — no matter what you call them, you know them when you see them, and you see them a lot.
Facebook or Face Time?  Psychology TodayA new study suggests that introverts use social networking sites as safe environments for making real-life friends.
Local initiative offers psychology sessions for R50  CapeTown ETCLocals looking to tend to their mental health can now do so for a fraction of the price, thanks to The Counselling Hub in Woodstock, which now offers sessions ...
Psychology of the Underdog  Psychology TodayIs there a tradeoff between strength and empathy? Why the strong read Clausewitz and the weak read Mao.
After Christchurch, Where Are the Helpers?  Psychology TodayMr. Rogers, the children's TV host, famously said, “When I was a boy and I would see scary things in the news, my mother would say to me, 'Look for the helpers.
Baylor faculty member earns nearly $3M grant to study evidence-based practices in psychology  FOX 44 - KWKTA Baylor associate professor has been awarded a five-year, nearly $3 million grant from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration ...
Taking the message 'It's OK to not be OK' global  Arizona State UniversityNietzsche and Kelly Clarkson have it wrong: What doesn't kill you might not make you stronger. And that's OK, according to Arizona State University Associate ...
College admissions scandal: what it reveals about wealth in America  Vox.comThe college admissions scandal could break down misconceptions about money, merit, and status — if Americans are willing to listen.
Psychological Issues Loom Large in Wake of Boeing 737 Max Crashes  ForbesThe 737 Max has certainly had an inauspicious beginning, as did Boeing's Dreamliner. If the past is prologue, the kinks in the 737 Max will eventually get ...
A behavioral economist explains why Elizabeth Holmes might not have felt bad lying about Theranos  INSIDERIn a new HBO documentary about the fall of Theranos, behavioral economist Dan Ariely described an experiment on the psychology of lying.
Here Are 16 Psychological Tricks to Immediately Make People Like You More  ScienceAlertIt's hard to say exactly why you like someone. Maybe it's their goofy smile; maybe it's their razor-sharp wit; or maybe it's simply that they're easy to be around.
‘The Act’ Team on Diving Into the Psychology of Gypsy Rose Blanchard ‘Coming of Age’  VarietyMichelle Dean's 2016 Buzzfeed article about real-life mother/daughter duo Dee Dee Blanchard and Gypsy Rose Blanchard predated the popular documentary ...
Joost van Dongen's Blog - The psychology of matchmaking  GamasutraWhichever multiplayer game you look for and no matter how good it is, you'll always find tons of complaints from users claiming the matchmaking for th.
The Light Triad of Personality  Psychology TodayMuch has been made of research on the Dark Triad of personality, but a new set of studies takes an alternative approach. Meet the Light Triad.
5 Seriously Stunning Facts About Higher Education in America  Psychology TodayThe rich and famous wrongly bribed their kids into college. Here are 5 other stunning facts about college in America.
The Psychology of Climate Change: Why Feelings Matter  Psychology TodayNew research suggests that what's simmering inside of American psyches may be as vital to the climate change debate as the greenhouse gases bubbling from ...
What Adult ADHD Looks Like  Psychology TodayIt's commonly believed that ADHD is something that one simply outgrows, so many adults do not seek treatment.
Rebels Without a Clue  Psychology TodayHave students at NYU and Sarah Lawrence lost their minds? Or is there something we're missing?
A clinical psychologist discusses Leaving Neverland, abuse, and trauma  The FADEREarlier this month, HBO released Leaving Neverland, a two-part, four-hour docuseries that follows the lives of two men, Wade Robson and James Safechuck, ...
Tech addiction is real. We psychologists need to take it seriously  newsindiatimes.comPhilip W. Schiller, Senior Vice President, Worldwide Marketing of Apple, speaks about the the new Apple iPhone XS at an Apple Inc product launch event at the ...
6 signs you're a better person than you think you are  INSIDERWith popular shows like "The Good Place" and "Russian Doll," the question of morality is having a moment in pop culture. As these series illustrate, being "good" ...
Views sought on national apprenticeship scheme for clinical associate psychologists  The British Psychological SocietyOur Division of Clinical Psychology (DCP) has produced a briefing paper on a proposal to create national standards for an apprenticeship scheme to deliver a ...
Your true self, Vedanta and modern psychology  Zee NewsModern psychology suffers from gaps, which the teachings of Vedanta address at a fundamental level.
The psychology behind why some people fall for dodgy pastors  702Clinical psychologist Hayden Knibbs says that a number of factors influence a believer's ability to be manipulated.
Student Protest: Rebels Without a Clue  Psychology TodayHave students at NYU and Sarah Lawrence lost their minds? Or is there something we're missing?
APSU plans to offer doctorate in psychology, its second doctoral program  Clarksville Leaf ChronicleThe Doctor of Psychology degree is in counseling psychology with a concentration in serving military personnel, veterans and their families.
The Psychology and Allure of Conspiracy Theories  Undark MagazineThey can shape public sentiment on everything from climate change to public health. Understanding why people believe them is vital, researchers say.
Why Do People Like Getting Tax Refunds?  Psychology TodayOver-withholding taxes seems imprudent but it can have psychological benefits.
Why some people can't stop running, according to sport psychology  The Conversation - UKRunning can be addictive. Here's how to beat that addiction.
Negative-fee ETFs could "change the psychology of the marketplace"  AxiosNegative-fee ETFs are the latest move by asset managers.
'Leaving Neverland' Director Dan Reed on Refuting Michael Jackson Defenders, the Psychology of Child Sexual Abuse, and a Potential Sequel  The Film StageAfter shocking and disgusting audiences at the 2019 Sundance Film Festival, Leaving Neverland aired in two parts on HBO earlier this month. Wade Robson ...
The Psychology of Why We Love Doing Jumps on Our Mountain Bikes  BicyclingForget the myth of the adrenaline junky. New research explains why it feels so good to go full send.
Practical Strategies to Help You Lose Weight and Keep It Off  Psychology TodayStuck in the cycle of losing weight and gaining it back? The battle is real: your body's designed to defend a fat setpoint. These strategies may help you to finally ...
Don’t Feel Motivated? Play The Impossible Game  Psychology TodayLearn to do what matters most even without motivation.
When Is It OK to Ghost Someone?  Psychology TodayThere are many situations when cutting off communication with someone is acceptable, necessary, and the healthiest thing to do.
Hawaii universities step up to replace Argosy’s psychologist prep program  Hawaii News NowArgosy University closed earlier this month, leaving hundreds of Hawaii students in limbo.
Trigger warnings do little to reduce people's distress, research shows  Science DailyTrigger warnings that alert people to potentially sensitive *content* are increasingly popular, especially on college campuses, but research suggests that they ...
Study finds rise in millennial perfectionism, parents and social media blamed  Global NewsA new study has found a sharp rise in perfectionism, suggesting millennials are more inclined to have unrealistic standards and harsher self-criticism than ...
College Admission Scandal: When Parents Don't Trust In Kids  Psychology TodayParents who spent millions to get children into top colleges sent their kids a message: You are not good enough. We don't believe in your abilities.
The Science of Evil  Psychology TodayA criminal psychologist tackles a wide range of behaviors that we consider deviant or downright evil, using science to make us re-examine our ideas.
Four Ways to Turn Negative Body Thoughts Around  Psychology TodayYou can change the mental habit of berating your body and learn to think gentler, more accepting thoughts.
Tidying up: The psychology of clutter and why we're now cleaning it up  Vancouver SunClutter has become a cultural obsession — we're drowning in stuff. We talk to experts about why our stuff weighs us down, and what happens when we make the ...
Feeling Lonely? These 3 Ideas Can Help  Psychology TodayNearly half of Americans report feeling lonely. These practices can make a difference.
Disgusted by the College Admissions Scandal?  Psychology TodayPositive takeaways for parents struggling to process the college admissions scandal and the anxiety that comes from extreme parenting.
The Psychology Behind Brand Storytelling and Its Effect on Consumers  AdweekBefore there were emojis, infographics, flowcharts and photo collages, people shared ideas through the oral tradition of storytelling. Humans are hardwired to ...
A new podcast for aspiring clinical psychologists  The British Psychological SocietyOur Division of Clinical Psychology's Pre-Qualification Group has launched a new podcast, Let's Get to Clinical, at their annual meeting in Nottingham.
Deanna Eilenberger: Clinical Psychology Through Chinchillas and Art  The ImmaculatanAlthough she decided to study clinical psychology because she enjoys working with people, Eilenberger's dream is to open a private practice that would allow…
Gatland has changed Welsh psychology, insists Warburton  RTE.ieSam Warburton believes that Warren Gatland has "changed the perception" of Welsh rugby as he prepares for his final Six Nations game in charge.
Breathe In! Nasal Inhalations Are Linked to Laser-Like Focus  Psychology TodayTaking a deep breath in through the nose appears to help the human brain create a laser-like focus on visuospatial tasks, according to a new study by a team of ...
Sport Psychology - Ready to Race  Global Swim SeriesStanding on the start line of any race, no matter what sport, can be a tense time. Outcomes in sport are rarely a certainty; our performance environments can be ...
Can't Stop Spending Money? These 5 Psychological Theories Could Explain Your Problem.  HuffPostThere's a good chance that you've made a few regrettable purchases in your life. And you're definitely not alone. We all know someone who has given in to an ...
Do You "Musturbate" or "Should” on Yourself?  Psychology TodayRaise your hand if you're among the legions of people with a psychological dis-ease known as musturbation—bowing to the demands of others, the world, and ...
The Eight Most Influential Theory of Mind Papers of All Time  Psychology TodayTheory of Mind is the term psychologists use to describe the way we think about other people. Theory of Mind is the basis of social behavior: To interact with ...
Mental health issues increased significantly in young adults over last decade: Shift may be due in part to rise of digital media, study suggests  Science DailyThe percentage of young Americans experiencing certain types of mental health disorders has risen significantly over the past decade, with no corresponding ...
Can Mindfulness Improve Workplace Well-Being?  Psychology TodayMajor organizations from all sectors—like Google, the U.S. Marines, Harvard University, and many more—are investing heavily in mindfulness training. Why is ...
Your Sexuality: Don't Fix It If It Isn't Broken  Psychology TodayThere are a million ways to fix our sexual bodies—none of which are necessary. Four years ago, wellness entrepreneur Gwynyth Paltrow proposed the ultimate: ...
7 Ways Narcissists Manipulate Relationships  Psychology TodayHow narcissists use "narcissistic supply" to exploit relationships.
Trained neural nets perform much like humans on classic psychological tests  MIT Technology ReviewNeural networks were inspired by the human brain. Now AI researchers have shown that they perceive the world in similar ways.
Darwin’s Bucket List  Psychology TodayNo one lives forever. This seems like a sad fact. And I suppose it is. But, more broadly, it is a fact of life. In the past year, I have lost three good friends. People ...
Psychologist Dr. Prudence Gourguechon on George Conway's mental health diagnoses of President Trump  WGN Radio - ChicagoPsychologist and former American Psychoanalytic Association President Dr. Prudence Gourguechon joins John Williams to respond to George Conway's tweets ...
Where Our “Eureka!” Moments Come From  Psychology TodayCarola Salvi is a neuroscience-based researcher at Northwestern University who focuses on deconstructing the specific neural mechanisms that drive creativity ...
Conspiracy theorists 'more likely to commit crimes', psychologists find  The IndependentPeople who believe in conspiracy theories are more likely to be involved in low-level crime, according to a new study.
7 Essential Psychological Truths About Ghosting  Psychology TodayHas someone you started to care about suddenly vanished from your life without explanation? Here's some much-needed perspective on this phenomenon, and ...
I'll Feel More Like It Tomorrow  Psychology TodaySticking to our exercise intentions is tough. Too often present-self puts off the workout, believing that future-self is more motivated. Here's why.
5 Steps to Reduce Stigma About Mental Illness  Psychology TodayIf you tune into any conversation about mental illness and addiction, it won't be long until the term “stigma” comes up. Stigma has various definitions, but they all ...
Who watches ISIS beheading videos in the U.S.? Men, Christians and the fearful, say psychologists.  Washington PostUsing ISIS beheading videos as a case study, researchers found that the likelihood of watching this material was associated with being male, Christian and ...
Hakkinen: Bottas performance delivered 'psychological boost'  F1i.comMika Hakkinen believes Valtteri Bottas brought himself a big "psychological boost" in Melbourne thanks to his commanding performance.
Opinion: why this book on psychological safety is the most important book I've read this year  Chartered Management InstitutePsychological safety creates successful workplaces. Here's why one manager says you need to read all about it.
England's 'amazing' psychologist Pippa Grange set to leave despite World Cup success  Daily MailDr Pippa Grange, the sports psychologist who played an integral part in England's success at the World Cup, could soon leave the FA. Wembley insisted she ...
Griffith academic releases 'one-stop shop' handbook on psychological research design  Griffith NewsIn authoring her new book, Advanced Research Methods for Applied Psychology, Professor Paula Brough sought to fill the gap she continuously encountered ...
The New FDA-Approved Antidepressant: Your Questions Answered  Psychology TodayLast week the FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) approved esketamine as a totally new kind of antidepressant. Below are questions that psychotherapists ...
Trauma and Resilience After Deadly Alabama Tornado  Psychology TodayNot sure how to help after Sunday's deadly tornadoes? Advice from APA's Psychological Trauma Editor on recognizing and responding to PTSD.
Del. lawmakers want more elementary school counselors  WHYYTo help students suffering from trauma and mental illness, Delaware lawmakers want to boost the number of elementary school counselors and psychologists.
Alex Gibney Interview: 'The Inventor' Director On Elizabeth Holmes  UPROXXWe spoke with Alex Gibney, director of HBO's 'The Inventor,' about Elizabeth Holmes' Theranos fraud and the culture that gave birth to it.
Glasgow event will bring educational psychologists together  The British Psychological SocietyPsychologists from across the UK are coming together to share their knowledge of wellbeing in education. 'Wellbeing: Crossing borders', an event jointly ...
Are You Really Getting a Good Night's Sleep?  Psychology TodayWhat your brain activity can—and can't—tell you about your sleep.
Are the Ethiopian Airlines and Lion Air Crashes Related?  Psychology TodayInevitably, the media will—by linking this to the Lion Air crash that occurred in Indonesia last October—fan the fears of anxious fliers that there is something ...
This Is Why We Could Have Psychological Edge Over Man City – Liverpool Legend  Inside FutbolLiverpool legend Jan Molby thinks the Reds could have an important psychological advantage over Manchester City.
Facebook’s former chief security officer Alex Stamos on protecting content moderators  The VergeFormer Facebook chief security officer Alex Stamos and Casey Newton discuss protecting *content* moderators and the difficult issues that plague Facebook and ...
Treatment Developments in Depression  Psychology TodayNew treatments are cropping up for depression, but do we understand how they compare to each other? Here's what happens when science operates in silos.
Future Minds Lab investigates the thinking that will change how we work  UNSW NewsroomThe new UNSW project will use cutting edge neuroscience to advise how businesses can thrive in a world of constant technological change.
A new work-based route to becoming an occupational psychologist  The British Psychological SocietyThis is a doctoral-level award, designed around work-based learning, which makes holders eligible for chartered membership of the society. There are no ...
Police call for more funding to treat psychological injuries  2GBPolice are calling for more funding to treat the psychological injuries officers often acquire on the job. The NSW Police Force wants to focus more on preventing ...
What Is a "Shy-Chopath"? A Psychologist Explains How to Tell the Difference  InverseWhat makes a criminal a psychopath? Despite years of theorizing and research, the mental health field continues to hotly debate the defining features of ...
Brian Moore's Full Contact, with Rob Andrew: England's problem is not psychological, it is tactical  The TelegraphThe 2019 Six Nations are over and they crown Wales as Grand Slam Champions. Back with Brian Moore once more to review it all is former England and Lions ...
Study by Dalhousie professor finds sharp rise in perfectionism among millennials  Toronto StarA study published in the Personality and Social Psychology Review found that perfectionism increased substantially from 1990 to 2015.

The Offspring of Aeolus - On the Incest Taboo

Incest is not such a clear-cut matter as it has... Read More

Metaphors of the Mind (Part II)

Storytelling has been with us since the days of campfire... Read More

The Psychology of Torture

There is one place in which one's privacy, intimacy, integrity... Read More

Balancing Brain Lobes - Mutras

When does consciousness exist? Will the sentient robots being created... Read More

What is Narcissism?

A pattern of traits and behaviours which signify infatuation and... Read More

Fallacies About the Inner Child

Over the past 10 years I have helped individuals who... Read More

Why Other Children are Rejecting Your Child

IntroductionDeveloping healthy peer relationships is critical for the normal development... Read More

Animal to Animal Telepathy

There has been much study on Telepathy in the animal... Read More

Narcissistic Personality Disorder Tips

FIVE DON'T DO'SHow to Avoid the Wrath of the NarcissistNever... Read More

Dogs Use Psycho-Cybernetics To Accomplish Goals

Dogs picture in their minds an event of an activity... Read More

We are in the End Days; Oh, Really Now?

Some think the world is coming to an end, they... Read More

Jack the Ripper

At around 3.40am on August 31st 1888, a carter named... Read More

Split Personality - A Myth or a Reality?

IntroductionIn this world today, there are a lot of unbelievable... Read More

Narcissism, Substance Abuse, and Reckless Behaviours

Pathological narcissism is an addiction to Narcissistic Supply, the narcissist's... Read More

Rediscovering the Mind

From the viewpoint of a modern microbiologist, we hear the... Read More

Accepting New Ideas

Much of the time when a new idea comes to... Read More

Get Out of Jail Free: Stop Being Defensive

When Marcus and Sally first met they immediately felt like... Read More

What is the Theory of Multiple Intelligences? Part 2: Cultural Influence

Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences developed as he worked... Read More

Narcissistic Personality Disorder - Who is a Malignant Narcissist?

QUESTION Number 1 - Who is a Narcissist?Dear Dr. Vaknin,I... Read More

The Attention Spanner

After a long and patient wait in queue, you reached... Read More

What is the Theory of Multiple Intelligences? Part 1: Biological Basis

Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences is based on the... Read More

A Case for Multiple Intelligences Based Classroom Instruction

Although many high school age students tend to think and... Read More

Time Out of Mind

Let us first consider the role of time in our... Read More

What Is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a medical condition. It is... Read More

A Look at The Brain

The endless, immeasurable brain. It does seem like more we... Read More