What is the Theory of Multiple Intelligences? Part 1: Biological Basis

Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences is based on the premise that each individual's intelligence is composed of multiple "intelligences," each of which has its own independent operating system within the brain. These intelligences include: verbal-linguistic, logical-mathematical, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, musical, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalist.

The verbal-linguistic intelligence is the use of both written and spoken language for the purpose of communication. Those possessing the verbal-linguistic intelligence are sensitive to the meanings, sounds, and rhythms of words. They love reading, poetry, tongue twisters, puns, humor, puzzles, and riddles.

The logical-mathematical intelligence is the use of abstract relationships presented in terms of either numbers or symbols. It also includes the use of logic and analysis in the sense of logically organizing an essay or analyzing poetry. Those possessing the logical-mathematical intelligence enjoy number games, problem solving, pattern games, and experimenting. They also do well with writing that involves exposition, argumentation, definition, classification, and analysis.

The spatial intelligence is the manipulation of objects within a given space, whether that space is the size of a piece of paper, a room, a building, or a town. Those possessing the spatial intelligence respond to visual cues and they like to invent and design.

The bodily-kinesthetic intelligence is the ability to use the body effectively to solve problems. Those possessing the bodily-kinesthetic intelligence enjoy dramatics, role-playing, dancing, and physical expression.

The musical intelligence is the ability to make use of the relationship between pitch, rhythm, and timbre. Those possessing the musical intelligence enjoy playing instruments, singing, and drumming, and they like the sounds of the human voice, environmental sounds, and instrumental sounds. It has been described as hearing patterns.

The interpersonal intelligence is the ability to understand the thoughts, beliefs, and intents of others and the ability to respond appropriately. Those possessing the interpersonal intelligence are social and are in tune with the feelings of others. They make excellent leaders, can help their peers, and work cooperatively with others.

The intrapersonal intelligence is a sense of self-awareness used to guide individual behavior. Those possessing the intrapersonal intelligence like to work independently. They are self-motivated and self-aware.

The naturalist intelligence is an understanding of the natural world and the ability to use that understanding productively. Those possessing the naturalist intelligence can recognize and classify elements from the natural world (e.g. farming or biological science).

The exact combination of intelligences varies from person to person. For example, one person might be strong in the verbal-linguistic and interpersonal intelligences with secondary strengths in the intrapersonal, spatial, and musical intelligences and weaknesses in the logical-mathematical, bodily-kinesthetic, and naturalist intelligences. Another person could have an entirely different combination of intelligences. Each person's makeup of intelligences is very similar to DNA; no one has exactly the same combination of intelligences.

Gardner's criteria for selecting these particular abilities as intelligences include: independence from other intelligences (within the brain); having a central set of information-processing operations; having a distinct developmental history; having roots in evolutionary history; and having a cultural basis. When Gardner says that intelligences are independent, he is referring to separate sections of the brain that control each intelligence and have distinct methods of processing information. According to an article by Tina Blythe and Gardner, each intelligence has its own "distinct mode of thinking."

Gardner's research with brain-injured adults and with autistic children has indicated that the human brain has separate areas that control separate functions. For example, Gardner described a woman who suffered a brain injury and lost the ability to speak, yet she maintained her ability to sing. This example shows that the verbal-linguistic intelligence functions separately from the musical intelligence.

Gardner makes a distinction between the isolation of each intelligence within the structure of the human brain and the isolation of the intelligences when called upon to complete real-world operations. Intelligences do not work independently of one another in a real-world setting. According to the theory, most tasks require the simultaneous use of several intelligences in order to be completed successfully. Bruce Torff offers the example of a chess player who must use logic and spatial skills to plan ahead and figure out moves and must also use interpersonal skills to figure out the opponent's defense and plan of action. The intelligences are separate entities which operate in conjunction with each other to create the whole of each individual's ability.

References:

Armstrong, T. (1994). Multiple intelligences: Seven ways to approach curriculum. Expanded Academic ASAP [on-line database]. Original Publication: Educational Leadership, 52 (3).

Blythe, T., & Gardner, H. (1990). A school for all intelligences. Educational Leadership, 47 (7), 33-37.

Campbell, L., Campbell, B., & Dickinson, D. (1992). Teaching and learning through multiple intelligences. Stanwood, WA: New Horizons for Learning.

Checkley, K. (1997). The first seven ... and the eighth: A conversation with Howard Gardner. Expanded Academic ASAP [on-line database]. Original Publication: Education, 116.

Gardner, H. (1983). Frames of mind: The theory of multiple intelligences. New York: Basic Books.

Gardner, H. (1995a). Multiple intelligences as a catalyst. English Journal, 84 (8), 16-18.

Gardner, H. (1995b). Reflections on multiple intelligences: Myths and messages. Expanded Academic ASAP [on-line database]. Original Publication: Phi Delta Kappan, 77 (3).

Gardner, H., & Hatch, T. (1990). Multiple intelligences go to school: Educational implications of the theory of multiple intelligences (Tech. Rep. No. 4). New York: Center for Technology in Education. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 324 366).

Gray, J. H., & Viens, J. T. (1994). The theory of multiple intelligences: Understanding cognitive diversity in school. Expanded Academic ASAP [on-line database]. Original Publication: National Forum, 74 (1).

Meyer, M. (1997). The GREENing of learning: using the eighth intelligence. Wilson Select [on-line database]. Original Publication: Educational Leadership, 55.

Moll, A. (n.d.). Kentucky Department of Education. Multiple intelligences self profile [WWW]. URL: http://www.kde.state.ky.us/MI/misurvey.html (Accessed September 29, 1998).

Reiff, J. C. (1996). Bridging home and school through multiple intelligences. Expanded Academic ASAP [on-line database]. Original Publication: Childhood Education, 72 (3).

Smagorinsky, P. (1991). Expressions: Multiple intelligences in the English class. Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.

Smagorinsky, P. (1995b). Multiple intelligences in the English class: An overview. English Journal, 84 (8), 19-26.

Torff, B. (1996). How are you smart?: Multiple intelligences and classroom practices. The NAMTA Journal, 21 (2), 31-43.

Michele R. Acosta is a writer, a former English teacher, and the mother of three boys. She spends her time writing and teaching others to write. Visit http://www.thewritingtutor.biz/articles for more articles, http://www.thewritingtutor.biz/writing _editing_service for professional writing/editing services, or TheWritingTutor.biz for other writing and educational resources for young authors, teachers, and parents.

Copyright (c) 2004-2005 The Writing Tutor & Michele R. Acosta. All rights reserved.

In The News:

What is ‘medical students’ syndrome’ is psychology?  The HinduAlso known as the intern's syndrome or the medical school syndrome, this refers to a phenomenon wherein students of medicine who learn about a new disease ...
Why We Fear Face Recognition Technology  Psychology TodayIf you think surveillance cameras are creepy, imagine how you'll feel with face recognition technology.
What Psychology Offers Christians Amid Political Polarization  ChristianityToday.comUnprepared for all the political drama after the 2016 election, a number of churches split up over disagreements on whether Christians should support President ...
Credibility and Its Discontents  Psychology TodayNew research examines changes in social psychology research since the Credibility Revolution started. Have we lost something by implementing proposed ...
Majority of people return lost wallets – here's the psychology and which countries are the most honest  The Conversation - UKResearchers were surprised to learn that in 38 countries, lost wallets with higher sums of money were returned more often than those with smaller amounts.
What Do You Try to Hide About Yourself?  Psychology TodayWhat do you want other people to know about you? Your appearance sends out immediate cues about your age, race or ethnicity, sex, weight, and height.
University subject profile: psychology  The GuardianThe quest to explain behaviour through studying the human mind.
How to Build Ethical Artificial Intelligence  Psychology TodayThe field of artificial intelligence is exploding with projects such as IBM Watson, DeepMind's AlphaZero, and voice recognition used in virtual assistants including ...
Scientific Bias in Favor of Studies Finding Gender Bias  Psychology TodayThere are more studies showing scientists are egalitarian or favor women in peer review. But the studies finding bias AGAINST women get disproportionate ...
The Data on Global Domestic Violence  Psychology TodayIn the U.S., about 20 people are abused by an intimate partner every minute. But how do those numbers compare with rates of domestic violence in other ...
Psychology's reproducibility solution fails first test  Science MagazineBehavior change is difficult—just ask any psychologist. A new study shows behavior change among psychologists is no different. Efforts to improve the ...
How Do We Choose Our Online Friends?  Psychology TodayA new study compares friendship formation online versus in person.
Stonewall’s 50th Anniversary and an Overdue Apology  Psychology TodayHow those in mental health professions evolved on LGBTQ rights—as well as a long overdue apology.
The Curious Appeal of Terrible People  Psychology TodayBridezillas, evil villains, and more: Three reasons why we become infatuated with the people we hate.
The Psychology of a Post-scarcity Society  American ThinkerWhen the struggle to sustain existence in a world of scarcity is replaced by affluence so absolute that even the incompetents, the ill and the lazy are all able to ...
Moral Outrage: Why We Attack Each Other  Psychology TodayWhy are people so outraged? The answer will surprise you.
Importance of Psychology | 2019-06-04  Quality MagazineIs it important for a person to know much about psychology? Furthermore, how much do you think the average businessperson needs to know about psychology ...
Too Many People, Too Much Junk—Enter the Land of Confusion  Psychology TodayIs the constant storm of newly manufactured artificial things getting you down? Demographers say population growth is part of the problem, but maybe ...
Open to Influence  Psychology TodayBy Nicklas Balboa and Richard D. Glaser, Ph.D. Human beings are very unique in that from the moment of conception, we are open to influence. Unlike some ...
The psychology of self-tracking  QuartzThe self-tracking trend is about much more than physical wellbeing.
Psychologist Can't Figure Out Why Few Will Date A Trans Person  The FederalistA psychological study recently found that most people are not interested in dating trans people. But why would this be a problem?
Is Empathy Your Greatest Strength and Greatest Weakness?  Psychology TodayDoes your empathy get you into helping trouble? Here's how to better manage your helping boundaries.
Psychology, meet politics  Open DemocracyIt's a hundred years since WB Yeats wrote “Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold…The best lack all conviction while the worst are full of passionate intensity.”.
The Psychology of Partnerships  WCAIOn The Point, a discussion of partnerships: from marriages to business partners, we look at how these unique relationships can lead to growth and success,
Psychology of wealth: Do rich people deserve to be rich?  Financial TimesAlthough inequality is growing in many western countries, concern about it is not.
Psychology study claims people ‘dehumanize’ transgenders by refusing to date them  LifesiteEven some respondents who cited the desire to reproduce naturally were deemed 'dehumanizing.'
15 Frightful Facts About Nightmares  Psychology TodayA dream is a recollection of subjective experiences that happen during rapid-eye movement (REM) sleep. On the other hand, nightmares are markedly dysphoric ...
5 Things Aladdin Can Teach Us About Mating Psychology  Psychology TodayThe Genie from Aladdin is a brilliant evolutionary psychologist.
Unique Gut Microbiome Composition May Be Fibromyalgia Marker  Psychology TodayFor the first time, researchers have identified a possible link between gut microbiome composition and fibromyalgia. These findings are not causal, but could be ...
Assistant Educational Psychologist job with Kirklees Metropolitan Council | 133982  LocalGovAssistant Educational Psychologist in Contract, £30000 - £39999, Health and Social Care with Kirklees Metropolitan Council. Apply Today.
Don't believe everything psychologists tell you about memory  The Conversation UKOver the past couple of decades, there has been an explosion of research into “false memories”, showing that our memory can be subtly altered by a variety of ...
BDS – A power psychology against Israel  The Jerusalem PostA well-researched Israeli government report has documented that the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement has its basic roots in terror, and not ...
Cognitive psychology research suggests pilots could be learning the wrong lessons from close-calls  PsyPostNew research provides evidence that two common cognitive biases could impact pilot's perception of past events in ways that adversely affect how they make ...
6 Tips To Help You Find A Psychologist Who Fits Your Mental Health Needs  Pedestrian TVFinding a psychologist doesn't have to be daunting or expensive. Here's a guide to taking steps to get the help you need.
Why Is Trump So Popular?  Psychology TodayAs Democrats gear up to take on Donald Trump in the 2020 election, the party should be thinking about the qualities that make him so popular with many ...
It’s Not You, It’s Your Unconscious  Psychology TodayIn Part One and Part Two of It's Not You—It's Your Unconscious: Why therapy takes so long to work, I explored how several mechanisms in our minds operate ...
Smarty exposes shopper psychology with hidden camera corner shop ad  The DrumLow-cost mobile carrier Smarty is aiming to make a name for itself with the launch of a fun psychological experiment in which reserved shoppers are pushed ...
Psychology Student Says He Has A Better Idea For Science Posters : Shots - Health News  NPRMike Morrison hardly looks like a revolutionary. He's wearing a dark suit and has short hair. But we're about to enter a world of conformity that hasn't changed in ...
Psychology and wellness group the master Rising Star  Business NewsA commitment to make a real difference to community mental health has propelled Masters & Co Psychology and Wellness to the top of 2019's Business News ...
What Findings Do Skeptical Psychologists Still Believe In?  Psychology TodayHow do our minds operate? What are the hidden patterns in our behavior? What we can do to live happier or more meaningful lives? Research psychologists ...
Psychological Persuasion Techniques Used by Sexual Predators  Psychology TodayFour psychological persuasion techniques that sexual predators use to exploit their victims.
Sex Robots and the End of Civilization  Psychology TodaySex robots will apparently be here in a decade or two. They may offer short-term physiological benefits. But at a great cost to the broader community.
Einstein's letter to Freud about the psychology of war and governance  Big ThinkLittle known correspondence of letters between Albert Einstein and Sigmund Freud talking about war, mankind, violence and the need for a world government.
How E-Commerce Sites Manipulate You Into Buying Things You May Not Want  The New York TimesResearch released this week finds that many online retailers use so-called dark patterns to influence what shoppers decide to purchase. Cracking down on the ...
What Singles Should Consider Before They Become Spouses  Psychology TodayMarriage is designed to last forever. But as a practical matter, what changes when couples tie the knot?
Best Psychological Thriller Movies - Scary Movies to Watch Now  Cosmopolitan.comAs delightful as it is to watch a gory horror movie, sometimes you want less blood and more...brains. Enter: the psychological thriller, a genre that's all about ...
How psychological vulnerabilities are exploited to control us  The Daily StarDr Lissa Johnson is a clinical psychologist and columnist for the Australian news website New Matilda, with a background in media studies and sociology, and a ...
How to Stop Emotional Overeating When You Just Don't Care  Psychology TodayMost people think they can't eat healthy when they don't care, but in this intriguing article, Dr. Livingston suggests you can use apathy and indifference to drive ...
The Brain of a Radical  Psychology TodayPeace will come. With tranquility and splendor on the wheels of fire. But will bring us no reward when her false idols fall. And cruel death surrenders with its pale ...
Why are we like this? The psychology of procrastination  The GuardianFrom deleting social media apps to setting limits on your screen time – here's how to deal with the existential malaise of putting off the important things.
10 Mental Health Benefits of Gardening and How to Start  Psychology TodayThere are many advantages to spending time in your garden—not just for your body but for your mind and spirit.
Study: Most New Fathers Experience "Dad Shaming"  Psychology TodayCriticism can lead some men to become less confident, less involved parents.
The Psychological Implications of Lyme Disease  Psychology TodayAn lesser known problem with Lyme disease are the psychological symptoms that can be caused by bacterial presence in the brain.
This Is Your Brain on Drugs  Psychology TodayAddiction is a disease that affects millions of Americans. It is extremely widespread, with an estimated 8 percent to 10 percent of individuals in the United States ...
Adulting Tips: 5 Psychological Secrets  Scientific AmericanScientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, explaining how they change our understanding of the ...
Teresa Wolande on the Psychology of Golf: Staying out of Your Own Way  Prague PostAs Tiger Woods stormed back into the pro golf scene and actually won a tournament, the golfing world watched in disbelief. After all, having been through a ...
The Psychology Behind Drafting Zion Williamson  Psychology TodayAfter one year at Duke University, Zion Williamson was drafted by the New Orleans Pelicans as the first overall draft pick in the 2019 NBA draft. His combination ...
The Hourglass Figure Is Not a Sign of Fertility and Health  Psychology TodayMany assume that men are attracted to women with low waist-to-hip ratios because it signals health and fertility. But research shows that that assumption is ...
Psilocybin 101  Psychology TodayScientists are exploring the potential of the drug found in "magic mushrooms" to help patients with anxiety, depression, and addiction. Here's what they have ...
6 Ways Music Affects Your Emotions  Psychology TodayPeople express different emotions when they listen to music, for example by smiling, laughing, or crying. Listening to music is quite common in our daily lives, ...
Psychology Today: People Refusing To Date Transgenders Is ‘Dehumanizing’  The Daily WireIf you are a heterosexual cisgendered person who only wishes to date heterosexual cisgendered people, then shame on you for dehumanizing transgenders ...
What use is Psychology?  The British Psychological Society'What use is Psychology….?' a guided discussion on psychology in the community with Alisdair Cameron and Nick Hartley. Psychology in the pub (PitP) is a ...
A Psychology Expert Interviewed High Achievers About Success and Happiness. Here's What They Said  Inc.Emily Esfahani Smith of the University of Pennsylvania talked to dozens of people about what makes a good life.
Nipissing University lab research published in high profile psychology journal  BayTodayNipissing University researchers, working in collaboration with students, faculty members, lab technicians, and medical doctors from Simon Fraser University, the ...
Comparing Narcissistic and Antisocial Personality  Psychology TodayNew research examines differences and similarities between narcissistic personality disorder and antisocial personality disorder.
The Voices in Your Head  Psychology TodayOn the inside, we are more like a family, with all the possibilities of health or dysfunction that implies, than an individual. What can we learn from the voices in our ...
Zapping One Brain Area May Selectively Improve Memory Recall  Psychology TodayResearchers at UCLA have pinpointed a specific part of the prefrontal cortex that may be key for retrieving memories. One mild electrical "zap" to the left ...
This psychologist explains why people confess to crimes they didn't commit  Science MagazineAt 16, Huwe Burton confessed to killing his mother. He was still in shock from discovering her body when New York City police began to interrogate him.
Forex Analysis - Psychology/Strategy for major markets today  FXMarketAlerts.comEUR/USD - Bias slightly to the upside as ECB easing likely to be underwhelmed by the Fed. Eurozone inflation numbers on Friday will be key to watch and might ...
Is Implicit Bias a Product of the Person or the Situation?  Psychology TodayAre nonconscious prejudices indelible attitudes that predict discriminatory behavior? Or are they fleeting momentary patterns?
Argentina in good psychological shape ahead of Qatar  Business StandardRead more about Argentina in good 'psychological' shape ahead of Qatar on Business Standard. Argentina are in good "psychological" shape ahead of their ...
How Should We Treat "Contested" Illnesses?  Psychology TodayAre contested illnesses associated with psychiatric diagnoses? Some patients feel they are not being taken seriously.
Does Chronic Inflammation Reduce Motivation?  Psychology TodayChronic low-grade inflammation may reduce dopamine levels in ways that affect motivation, according to a new theory.
Pitt County psychologist weighs in on rising suicide rates in US  WITNAccording to the CDC, the suicide rates in 2016 are over 30 percent higher than in 1999. An eastern Carolina Psychologist shares opinions and advice to help ...
Shutdown and Shutout: The Social Ecology of PTSD  Psychology TodaySociety can help heal the invisible wounds of PTSD.
Morning and Evening Exercise May Burn Calories Differently  Psychology TodayMorning and evening exercise may have different effects on metabolism, according to a new study on mice.
Serotonin Malfunctions May Be a Harbinger of Parkinson's  Psychology TodayYears before someone with Parkinson's disease has any movement-related symptoms, slight malfunctions of the brain's serotonin system could be an early ...
Trading Psychology: Fixing a Big Ego  TheStreet.comGot a big ego? Don't worry, I can fix that for you. I've done it for others, many times over. We're not talking about positive energy, glass half full mentality or even ...
How Early Adversity Relates to Brain Activity Years Later  Psychology TodayA new study shows that disruptions in a stable family environment adversely influence brain electrical activity in children, with effects that can persist in the teen ...
Scientists Show 2 Psychological Reasons a Lost Wallet May Be Returned  InverseGetting a lost wallet back seems like an impossible task. But in a new study involving 17303 fake lost wallets, in 355 cities across 40 countries, scientists found ...
How to Lucid Dream, According to a Psychology Researcher  NewsweekDreams can often be confusing and blurry experiences. Reduced critical thinking, little to no access to our true memories and heightened impulsivity and ...
Psychologists fear for defence troops as Bupa poised to take over contract  The GuardianDeal will change hands amid growing concern about high rates of mental illness and suicide among defence veterans.
What Do Child Psychologists Wear? Apparently It's A Bo Peep Costume In 'Big Little Lies'  RomperIf you watched Episode 3 of Big Little Lies, you may have been just as flabbergasted as I was when you saw the child therapist dressed in a head-to-toe Little Bo ...
How Cillian Sheridan Is Using Sports Psychology To Prepare For Whatever's Next  Balls.ieThese are interesting times for Cillian Sheridan. The 30-year-old striker, whose prolificacy as a goalscorer has brought him to Parkhead, Nicosia, Bialystok and ...
A Level students can't believe AQA Psychology had three 16 mark questions  Cosmopolitan.comA Level students are shading AQA Psychology for including three 16 mark questions in the third exam.
The Fiji Times » 'Students face psychological issues'  Fiji TimesSTUDENTS are facing more psychological issues in schools and this is reflected in the number of mental health cases with 4393 reported last year, compared ...
Why Do You Keep Dating People Like Your Ex? Psychologists Have a New Theory  Inverse“They're just not my type.” Whether during private conversation with a trusted friend, or while watching a favorite romantic comedy, we've all heard these words ...
MP calls Trump's war threats a 'psychological operation'  Tehran TimesTEHRAN – A top Iranian lawmaker says U.S. President Donald Trump's threats to attack Iran is merely a “psychological operation”, Mehr reported on Monday.
U.S. Women's Soccer Wins Big but Loses Friends  Psychology TodayLast week the United States women's soccer team kicked off the 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup in France with an emphatic 13-0 victory against Thailand.
Antidepressant Guidelines to Tighten in the UK  Psychology TodayPrescribing guidelines for antidepressants are about to be tightened in the UK. Why the changes? And why did they take decades to implement?
Enzo Amore On The ROH Invasion Situation, Psychology Being More Important Than In-Ring Work  Wrestling Inc.Your browser does not currently recognize any of the video formats available. Click here to visit our frequently asked questions about HTML5 video.
The Key to Female Attractiveness?  Psychology TodayA new study suggests that nubility, not fertility, is the key to attractiveness.
Does Ovulation Change Women’s Sexual Desire, After All?  Psychology TodayDoes ovulation influence a woman's desire? The question has inspired heated debate. Here's the simple answer, and some complex wrinkles.
The Art of Persuasion  Psychology TodayRhetoric is the art of persuasive speaking or writing. Politics aside, rhetorical devices underlie all our favourite poems and songs and expressions.
BCSO's 1st Psychologist  FOX 29They work extended hours, mandatory overtime and often suffer from extreme fatigue. All issues that the Bexar County Sheriff's Office hopes will be identified ...
The Belief That Trump Is a Messiah Is Rampant and Dangerous  Psychology TodayWas Donald Trump sent by God to save America? Some believe so, and that should have us worried.
Music students score better in math, science, English than non-musical peers  EurekAlertHigh schoolers who take music courses score significantly better on exams in certain other subjects, including math and science, than their non-musical peers, ...
How to Use Color Psychology to Boost Ecommerce Sales  Customer ThinkMarketers have a whole bag of tricks that they use to convert customers and generate leads. One of the least talked about, but most important, tricks is the use of ...
Online Dating: Are You Attracting the Right Type?  Psychology TodayHow do you attract a good catch? Are you attracting fake game-players or genuine good people? Find out who you attract and why.
Charlie Baker nominates psychologist to continue serving on parole board  Boston HeraldGov. Charlie Baker nominated a psychologist to continue serving on the parole board Monday, just days after members of the Governor's Council raised ...

Why Does It Seem That There Are More Children With ADHD Than Ever Before?

Even though the percentage of people with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity... Read More

Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) At a Glance

Most narcissists (75%) are men.NPD is one of a "family"... Read More

How Big of a Problem is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder - "ADD" or "ADHD" - affects... Read More

The Myth of Mental Illness

"You can know the name of a bird in all... Read More

HypoManiacs Often Misunderstood

Are you a Hypomaniac? If you are you have some... Read More

Robotic Bonding Thru Human First Love Memory Replication

Many Science Fiction authors have discussed in many works the... Read More

Christian Psychotherapy for Convicts?

Repeated research studies have revealed that secular efforts at rehabilitation... Read More

What is the Theory of Multiple Intelligences? Part 2: Cultural Influence

Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences developed as he worked... Read More

What are the 4 Brainwave Patterns and How Do They Effect Your Health

WHAT ARE BRAINWAVES?Every moment of your life your brain is... Read More

What is the Addictions Recovery Measurement System?

As I climbed 15-feet on a wooden ladder to the... Read More

Its Never Too Late

First of all, a bit of background: A high school... Read More

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Nightmare After The Ordeal

Sarah is a 28 y/o accountant who had a traumatic... Read More

Narcissistic Personality Disorder - Who is a Malignant Narcissist?

QUESTION Number 1 - Who is a Narcissist?Dear Dr. Vaknin,I... Read More

Nature VS Nurture - Theories of Personality in 21st Century

Nature vs Nurture theories have wasted a lot of energy... Read More

Dredging the Truth

To seek and find truth requires that we communicate within... Read More

Lesson Plans that Reach the Multiple Intelligences

American schools have traditionally favored those students who excel in... Read More

Get Out of Jail Free: Stop Being Defensive

When Marcus and Sally first met they immediately felt like... Read More

Why Other Children are Rejecting Your Child

IntroductionDeveloping healthy peer relationships is critical for the normal development... Read More

Ericksons Theory of Human Development

I'm sure you've heard the term "Identity Crisis" before. It's... Read More

Waking Up in the Middle of a Good Dream

When the brain is asleep and in REM dream mode... Read More

Gender and the Narcissist

In the manifestation of their narcissism, female and male narcissists,... Read More

Panic Attacks: Effective Ways to Cope

Jill is a 21 y/o college student who used to... Read More

Achieving an Ambidextrous Mindset

History lends us an ideal of ambidexterity: Leonardo da Vinci,... Read More

A Look at The Brain

The endless, immeasurable brain. It does seem like more we... Read More

Hypnosis: A Brief History

Evidence of hypnotic-like phenomena appears in many ancient cultures. The... Read More