Deprecated: mysql_connect(): The mysql extension is deprecated and will be removed in the future: use mysqli or PDO instead in /home/a26f9f83/public_html/articles/includes/config.php on line 159
About The Spiritual World of Madonna > NetSparsh - Viral Content you Love & Share

About The Spiritual World of Madonna

Pop singer Madonna came this week to Tel Aviv to take part in a congress of Kabbala studies. According to press releases, she is going to stay in Israel until Sunday night and will have on the last day of her visit, the opportunity to visit the graves of Jewish Tzaddikim (righteous holy people) near Safed, a small town in northern Israel.

Why Safed? What does Kabbala mean? (Literally it means "Receiving" in Hebrew).

I am not so sure the press has given the correct answers to these and other questions related to the background of this visit. Here is my humble contribution.

Safed , one of the four "holy cities" in Israel, together with Jerusalem, Hebron and Tiberias, is actually a small mountain town (27,000 residents). As opposed to other historical cities in Israel, it is not even mentioned in the Bible.

Its golden era was during the Middle Ages, when it functioned as a Crusaders fortress and a Moslem administrative centre. But it was only in the 16th century that Safed was a city of international importance, as well as a Jewish cultural Capital.

What made Safed so special is linked to what Maddona is looking in Israel for.

The Jewish congregation of Safed is the oldest in Israel. It has been there for the last 800 years. But during the Crusaders time it was very small, because the Christian knights did everything they could to massacre Jews (and Moslems).

The turning point was the conquest of the area by the Turkish Sultanate. This Moslem empire gave shelter to the Spanish Jews during their mass expulsion in the end of the 15th century. The Turks, who were great warriors and administrators, did not master commerce, industry and science. They understood the great potential of Spanish Jews who were experts in these fields, and gave them asylum.

Some of those Jews, a few thousands, came to Safed and settled down there. Safed attracted them for two main reasons: The good water sources and the closeness to the grave site of the founder of the Kabbala, the Jewish mysticism, Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai.

The water was needed for establishing a wool manufacturing centre which became one of the biggest in the world, and made Safed a flourishing city. The grave of Bar yochai, and an ancient tradition according to which the Messiah will first come out Safed, attracted some of the greatest Jewish religious scholars of Spain, most of them Kabbalists.

In Safed of the 16th century settled down Rabbi Yosef Karo, of Toledo, the greatest Jewish Law expert of the new era, who wrote the codification book "Shulkhan Arukh", the third most important Jewish book, after the Bible and the Talmud.

Another great Kabbalist was Shlomo Alkabetz, who is known today more for his religious poetry. His most famous liturgical poem is called "Lecha Dodi". It is used in every Synagogue to receive Sabbath. His brother in law was Rabbi Moshe Kordoveiro, a student of Rabbi Karo, who wrote the first book which explains the Kabbala methodically.

The greatest student or Rabbi Kordoveiro was Rabbi Yizhak Luria, who is more known as HaAri Hakadosh. Luria Died when he was only 38 years old. Only two and a half years he spent in Safed. But it was in that short period of time that he created a Kabbalist theoretical movement that has had an immense influence on the life of almost every Jew since then.

What does Kabbala mean? If you have time and patience just go to a site called and start reading. It will take you a few days. Otherwise, here is a somewhat simplified explanation.

According to the Talmud, the world of Torah (the knowledge of Judaism) is based on four layers: Pshat (Literal meaning, in Hebrew), Remez (Implication), Drash (Interpretation) and Sod (Secrecy). Every one of these layers is a different way of weighing the same words of the Torah. The deepest layer is the Secrecy. The Secrecy doctrine, which includes the Kabbala, is so mysterious, deep, and special, that not everyone can understand it. Therefore, it is recommended by Jewish scholars to start studying it only at the age of 40. A younger person does not have the spiritual maturity needed to cope with its depths.

The Secrecy doctrine exists since the 2nd century, but did not appear in any book until the end of the 14th century, when a Spanish Jewish scholar named Rabbi Moshe de Leon rewrote and edited it in a book called "Seffer Hazohar" (The book of Glow, in Hebrew). The contents of the book is attributed to the Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai (mentioned above) who had lived 1300 years before the time of de Leon. Believers claim that Bar Yochai wrote the book, but Kabbala researchers say that the text was written much later, in the middle ages.

"Seffer Hazohar" is not a text book. It is a collection of ideas and Torah material. Only in the end of the 15th century, another Spanish Rabbi, Moshe Cordoveiro, who later moved to Safed, wrote structured lessons which enabled a systematic studying of Kabbala.

As opposed to the other three layers of Torah world, dealing primarily with the Jewish religious laws, the Secrecy doctrine deals with the philosophical side of Judaism: For example, the eternal question of "Why do righteous people suffer in our world, and why are wicked people so successful?"

The Kabbala, developed in Safed by a genius nicknamed "HaAri Hakadosh" in the 16th century, uses abstract concepts which are incomprehensible to outsiders: "Elohut" (Divinity) and "Tzimtzum" (Reduction), for instance. The Divinity filled in the past the whole universe. It was later reduced to make room for the present world. Following this Reduction, the lights of Divinity were accumulated into "Sefirot", the vessels which contain the immense Divine lights. The three upper "Sefirot" did their job. But the lower six broke into many pieces and scattered. This is called in Hebrew: "Shevirat Hakelim" (Breaking of Vessels). Because of this breaking of vessels, good and evil were mixed with each other in the whole universe. The splinters of the divine lights, called "Nitzotzot" (sparks), fell into the depths of "Clippot", the evil powers of impurity. The broken "Divinity" went into exile among the "Clippot". According to Kabbala, the fate of the Jewish people is similar to that of the "Divinity". The Jews are still in exile amongst the nations. The salvation depends on every person. If people succeed in collecting all the "Nitzotzot", the salvation of humanity will come. The collection of "Nitzotzot" will be done by good deeds, such as obeying the Jewish religious rules. When someone does so, he collects "Nitzotzot" and puts them back in place. He then deals with "Tikun Olam", correction of the world.

The Kabbala has a great influence on Judaism, especially on the Hasidim movement. Kabbalic concepts, developed mainly in 16th century Safed, have penetrated the Jewish liturgy. One of them is the "Holy matching". Philosophically, this concept has another meaning, but in the popular cognition it is perceived as a holy marriage treaty between God and the Jewish people.

For example, the "Shavuot" holiday, in which the Holy Torah was given by way of a pact between God and the Jews, has been compared to such a holy marriage. Also the customs of "Kabbalat Shabbat", (receiving Sabbath), were changed following the Safed notion of "Holy matching". The Kabbala followers in Safed started in the 16th century the custom of going Friday before sunset out of town, wearing white clothes, to receive the bride, Shabbat. Friday night was the link between God (the king) and Shabbat (the queen). Following the mystical marriage, souls of righteous people were born. This custom of going out of town Fridays was abolished after the fall of the Safed centre in the beginning of the 17th century, but its influence is felt until today the Alkabetz poem "Lecha Dodi", mentioned above.

HaAri Hakadosh said that "the Shechinah (the presence of God) rests above Safed". You can feel it even today. Its clear air and serenity helps visitors to contemplate about the philosophical subjects I have just mentioned, and others. It is worth visiting this place even if you do not have the faintest idea what you are going to do there.

The Author is a freelance journalist and a tour guide in Israel


In The News:

Scientific American (blog)

The US Is Retreating from Religion
Scientific American (blog)
Since 1990, the fraction of Americans with no religious affiliation has nearly tripled, from about 8 percent to 22 percent. Over the next 20 years, this trend will accelerate: by 2020, there will be more of these "Nones" than Catholics, and by 2035 ...

New York Times

Unknown Unknowns: Three Inquiries Into Religion
New York Times
As he explains in his lucid and thoughtful book THE MEANING OF BELIEF: Religion From an Atheist's Point of View (Harvard University, $24.95), he is more troubled by some of his fellow atheists — specifically, those who campaign against religion as an ...

Toledo Blade

Religion offerings: 10-21
Toledo Blade
The Rev. Tim Clark, senior pastor at Harvest Christian Center, is celebrating 35 years of preaching and ministry this year. The Dallas native began ministering in his hometown in 1982, as a youth pastor at Mount Carmel Baptist Church. He later served ...
ReligionTimes Herald-Record
Religion news, Oct. 21, 2017The Keene Sentinel
Faith Community
all 95 news articles »


Why millennials are ditching religion for witchcraft and astrology
Interest in spirituality has been booming in recent years while interest in religion plummets, especially among millennials. The majority of Americans now believe it is not necessary to believe in God to have good morals, a study from Pew Research ...

Religion News Service

Photos of the Week
Religion News Service
(RNS) — Each week Religion News Service presents a gallery of photos of religious practice around the world. This week, Rohingya Muslims cross from Myanmar into Bangladesh, Iranian worshippers pray in Tehran, Jewish men celebrate Simchat Torah on ...

Topeka Capital Journal

Local Baha'is to gather for celebration of 200th birthday of religion's prophet-founder
Topeka Capital Journal
Duane Herrmann is organizing a gathering celebrating the 200th anniversary of Bahall'u'llah, the prophet-founder of the Baha'i religion, at 2 p.m. Sunday, Oct. 22, at the Topeka and Shawnee County Public Library, 1515 S.W. 10th. Herrmann in this photo ...
Milestone for the world's youngest religionThe Times
Religion notes — 10.21.17Arkansas News
Baha'is' celebration of their founder concludes this weekLewiston Morning Tribune
Scottsbluff Star Herald -White Mountain Independent
all 91 news articles »

Wisconsin Public Radio News

UW-Madison Launches New Center On Religion
Wisconsin Public Radio News
Twelve students are part of the University of Wisconsin-Madison's new Center for Religion and Global Citizenry. This center comes after the Lubar Institute for the Study of Abrahamic Religions closed last year due to a lack of funding. Ulrich ...

Religion Almanac: Oct. 21
Bradenton Herald
Offering Erev Shabbat Services every Friday night at 7:30 p.m., Shabbat morning services at 10 a.m. followed by Torah study, Sunday Religious/Hebrew School, adult Hebrew classes, Jewish holiday celebrations, events and activities. Welcoming to all.

Turkey: Religious officials to perform civil marriages | News | Al ...
The Turkish parliament has passed a law allowing muftis - religious civil servants - to perform civil marriages in the same capacity as other officials authorised to ...

and more »

Upcoming religion events -
Fall festival at College ParkA Fall Festival will be held from 4-6 p.m. Oct. 28 at College Park Church of God, 3140 SW 26th St., Ocala. The festival will include ...

and more »
Google News

Amy Grant Cashes in Once Again on Jesus Coat-Tails

Jesus made her famous, now Amy Grant cashes in one... Read More

Learn How to Be Delivered From Witchcraft, Drugs, Sexual Perversion, Pain and all Addictions.

Exposing Hidden SinFor nothing is secret that shall not be... Read More

Fruit-Bearing Christians

This is to my Father's glory, that you bear much... Read More

What about the 4400?

Murders are so frequent in our country that a single... Read More

Religion Versus Science: The Truth

I find myself amazed and appalled that such strong antipathy... Read More

Treachery in the Midst of the Land

The term Scripture uses to describe the activities of those... Read More

Meaning and Marketing - The Will

You are now inside one of the top theological schools... Read More

Surviving Eternity

Matthew 24:34-24:35 Verily I say unto you, This generation shall... Read More

The Word: What has it Changed in You Lately?

In Matthew 13 Jesus relates a paprable to His disciples.... Read More

Rebuilding Society and The Tax Protest Movement: Part Three

Part Three continuedIt is important to recover and relearn the... Read More

Teamwork in Ministry: Pauls Sense of Partnership in the Gospel

In the pursuit of his Christian ministry, the Apostle Paul... Read More

Spiritual Healing: Jesus Christ in the Flesh

Does Jesus Christ live in heaven today in the flesh... Read More

Theres No Time Like the Present

Today certainly is a present and we are to rejoice... Read More

Politics and Christianity

Revelation 20:1-20:10Politics and Christianity - there has been many an... Read More

White Sun - Tao of Heaven: Heaven and Man are One Entity

The whole universe originated from Tao. Mankind also originated from... Read More

End of the World | Predictions Prophecies How and When

It's the End of the World as we know it...When... Read More

Following Instructions To The Letter

The dictionary explains wisdom as having good judgement, understanding, comprehension... Read More

The United States of Europe is a Joke!

French & Dutch Reject EU Constitution & British Table It-We... Read More

Does God Promise Long Life?

Over the last 10 years or so I have met... Read More


Some people say beauty is only skin deep, others say... Read More

Development of Liberal Theology: An Overview (Part 1)

The modern historical era of liberal theology basically encompass four... Read More

The Greatest Love and Self-image

The Greek language had three words for "Love" First there... Read More

Moses v. Jesus: Why do Conservative Christians Prefer Moses Commandments to Jesus Beatitudes?

Why are conservative Christians so concerned about displaying the Ten... Read More

The 1000 Year Millennium Kingdom

After the last bowl judgment is thrown by God the... Read More

The Reign of Insanity

I know you want to kill me, and I wish... Read More