Deprecated: mysql_connect(): The mysql extension is deprecated and will be removed in the future: use mysqli or PDO instead in /home/a26f9f83/public_html/articles/includes/config.php on line 159
Alchemy: Turning Rocks to Gold Since the Middle Ages! > NetSparsh - Viral Content you Love & Share

Alchemy: Turning Rocks to Gold Since the Middle Ages!

Alchemy. Such a misunderstood science. I hope this article can help set things straight for whomever reads it.

Alchemy is an ancient art, first practiced in the Middle Ages. It was devoted to finding a substance that would transmute, (or turn) common metals in to gold, silver or other precious metals, and also to cause immortality in humans. Alchemy was most likely the first time people dipped their toes into chemistry.

Alchemy began in Ancient Egypt, and was especially prevalent in Alexandria in the Hellenistic period. At the same time, China had been tinkering with the ideas as well. Early writings about alchemy by greek philosiphers are sometimes thought of as the first chemical theories. Empedocles (im-ped-oh-klees) formed the all too famous theory that all things in existence were made of air, fire, earth and water. Later, the emperor Diocletian (die-oh-klee-shun) ordered all of the Egyptian texts on the chemistry of gold and silver to be burned and for all expirements to stop.

Zosimus the Theban disvovered that sulfuric acid is a solvent of metals, and, using this, he removed oxygen from the red oxide of mercury, turning the oxidized mercury pure again, much like if you took rust off a nail, it would be a normal nail again. Alchemy's fundemental concept came from an Aristotelian doctrine saying that all things tend to reach perfection at some point. Since other common metals were "less perfect" than gold and other precious metals, it made sense to these researchers that these metals would eventually turn to gold. Also it was thought that nature must make gold out of common metals deep within the earth, so with any luck, this process could be done in the lab with good result.

Eventually Alchemy reached Arabia, where the first book on Chemistry was written. From there it travelled through Spain, into Europe. Roger Bacon, and Albertus Magnus both believed that transmutation to gold was possible. Most people, including these two famous Alchemists, believed that gold was the perfect metal, and that if the philosipher's stone was created, it would be a substance so much more perfect than gold, that it would make the less perfect metals transmute.

Roger Bacon believed that gold dissolved in Aqua Regia* was the elixer of life. The Italian Scholastic philosopher St. Thomas Aquinas, the Catalan churchman Raymond Lully, and the Benedictine monk Basil Valentine also did much to further the progress of chemistry and alchemy, in discovering the uses of antimony, the making of amalgams, and the isolation of spirits of wine, or ethyl alcohol.

Perhaps the most famous Alchemist was the Swiss Philippus Paracelsus. He believed that the elements of compound bodies were salt, sulfur and mercury, representing earth, air and water. Fire however was imponderable to him. He believed also, that there was one more element, the source of the four ancients. This one element that created everything was called Alkahest, and he stated that if it were found, it would prove to be the universal medicine, an irrisistable solvent, and the philosipher's stone. In other words, it was the ultimate form of perfection.

After this, the alchemists of Europe split into two main groups. Those based on facts and hard research, and those who dabbled in the metaphysical, these entangled alchemy in fraud, necromancy, and imposture. This gives alchemy the current mysterious status.

Perhaps the most fun part of Alchemy is the coded engravings that were made during the time. Many of them are still around, and almost impossible to decifer without an explaination. Using obscure characters including the planets themselves as symbols for who-knows-what. Kings, queens, crows, multi-blossom flowers, and green lions abound.

Hi. I am coconut of http://www.cococomics.net ! Thank you for reading and considering my articles. It would be very much appreciated if a link or simple URL was back to my site wherever you use my articles! Thank you!

In The News:

This Week in Science  Science Magazine
Scientists Say: Placebo  Science News for Students
Area high school student wins two local science fairs  KSNF/KODE - FourStatesHomepage.com

Reverse Osmosis and Deionized Water Filtration

Let's face it if you are in a business needing... Read More

Heads Up Displays and Computer Human Interface

Heads Up Displays For High Tech Human Interface Need More... Read More

Enemy UAV Defense is under consideration

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles should be shot down from the air... Read More

X-37 UAV Has Potential

X-37 Moves Forward, Now What? Well, here are a few... Read More

The Harmonic

The HarmonicIn a good history book by a leading light... Read More

Static Charge Pulse on Wind Generator Material Memory Blades

Wind Power is considered a clean industry and is amongst... Read More

There is a Core at the Center of the Earth; Right?

There are some who would like to discuss why they... Read More

Moon Rover Robotic Concept; Planetary Exploration

I propose a beach ball hopping robotic planetary explorer, which... Read More

Global Dumbing?

I am beginning to wonder if scientists have been getting... Read More

51 Easy, Eco-Friendly Ways You Can Help Sustain Planet Earth

1. Air dry your laundry.2. Ask your utility companies for... Read More

Active Aerial Minefields

Is it possible to build an active aerial minefield to... Read More

Movin On: Taking Transhumanism in Stride

Back in the seventies, we watched "The Six Million Dollar... Read More

What is Science?

Students often ask; "What exactly is science?" Professors explain by... Read More

Robotic MAV- Micro Air Vehicle Based on an Organic Humming Bird Model

MAV Micro Air Vehicle Based on Organic Hummingbird Model. There... Read More

Building an Ice House on Mars

There is ice at the Martian Poles, one of the... Read More

Army Mobile Command Center for UAV Launch

After visiting the Denver RC Modeler Club one day as... Read More

Ancient Navigation and Mapping

DR. SENTIEL ROMMEL:As part of the research team that sought... Read More

Earthquake and Disaster Delays in Scientific Innovation

In our present period we are continually reminded that we... Read More

N400 Brain Wave to Assist in Learning and in Performance

In any important task you need to stay alert and... Read More

Laser Attack, EA, Scalar Attack on Composite Manufactured Vehicles

More and more future fighting vehicles introduced at the Military... Read More

Treating Chronic Mutational Hepatitis B with Chinese Medicine Vitalliver (Vigconic Suppositories)

Research Method:Quantitative determination by contrasting HBV-DNA of cases before and... Read More

God Created Man, 5000 years ago?

Well it is written that God created man 5000 years... Read More

The History and Achievements of the Hubble Telescope

The Hubble Telescope is famous worldwide for its amazing images... Read More

Aerodynamic Changes Need To Be Made In MAVs; Micro Air Autonomous Vehicles

Aerodynamic changes need to be made in MAVs. Micro-Air Autonomous... Read More

Surgical Biomaterials and Tissue Regeneration Technologies

Plants, invertebrate animals, amphibians and even reptiles have the ability... Read More