How Did DNA Testing Children Begin?

The landmark immigration case Sarbah vs. Home Office (1985) was the first to use DNA testing to prove a mother-son relationship between Christiana Sarbah and her son Andrew.

The case started in 1983 when Andrew, then 13, arrived in England after a long stay in Ghana with Christiana's estranged husband. Immigration officials held him at Heathrow Airport, claiming his passport was forged, or that a substitution had been made. Only after intervention by a local MP was Andrew allowed to stay at his family's home in London.

Various genetic-determining tests showed that Christiana and Andrew were almost certainly related however, it was impossible to determine whether Christiana was his mother or merely an aunt (Christiana has several sisters in Ghana). The photographic evidence and depositions were rejected at an immigration hearing, but deportation was delayed pending an appeal.

Around the same time, an article in The Guardian reported the discovery of DNA fingerprinting by Prof. Alec Jeffreys and his team at the University of Leicester. After reading about their work, the legal team dealing with the case approached Prof. Jeffreys, and he agreed to take on the case. In order to prove that Christiana was Andrew's mother, a DNA test was performed on blood samples from Christiana, Andrew, an unrelated individual, and Christiana's three undisputed children: David, Joyce, and Diana.

Using a recently discovered DNA probe, a DNA fingerprint was produced which confirmed that Christiana was indeed Andrew's biological mother, and that David, Joyce and Diana were his siblings. Based on this evidence, the case was dropped by the Home Office and massive press coverage ensued. The discovery of DNA fingerprinting had huge implication for the non-criminal legal system and led to an overhaul of the UK's Immigration legislation. Current UK immigration legislation accepts results of DNA testing as the ultimate proof or relationship between a child and his or her relatives. Accordingly, DNA test results will normally (although not invariably) provide conclusive evidence as to whether a child is related, as claimed, to one or both of his alleged parents.

Before January 1991, it was up to the applicant to decide whether or not to obtain DNA evidence in support of his or her application or appeal. In January 1991, a government scheme was introduced, which enables entry clearance officers (ECO) to offer to arrange DNA tests in cases where they are not satisfied that persons seeking admission as children are related to their UK sponsor.

For more information, please visit DNA Bioscience, at www.dna-bioscience.co.uk

Avi comes from an international business background with Citibank where he specialised in managing projects in London, Europe, South America and Asia Pacific. In 2004 he was awarded the prestigious Shell Live Wire Entrepreneur of the Year award for his business. Working closely with the charities and various media outlets Avi strives to increase public awareness as to the benefits of DNA testing and the continuing impact that technological advances will have on all our lives.

Learn more about DNA forensic testing or how you can receive your own free home paternity test kit.

In The News:

This Week in Science  Science Magazine
Quiz: 2020 Science News  State of the Planet
Why cats are crazy for catnip  Science Magazine
The Language of Science  Scientific American

Laser Attack, EA, Scalar Attack on Composite Manufactured Vehicles

More and more future fighting vehicles introduced at the Military... Read More

Aerodynamics and Hydrodynamics of the Human Body, Birds, and Boeing

The aerodynamics of the human body are very interesting indeed.... Read More

Making a Lightening Storm?

Here is a very basic concept idea/plan to harvest energy... Read More

How Do Cities Grow?

You see the cities in America started where there was... Read More

The Quantum Theory of Holy Languages

The quantum theory of holy languages (QTHL) encompasses the three... Read More

Tactile Squeegee for Plexiglas Windows

Cleaning Plexiglas windows is not easy, you have to be... Read More

Surround Panoramic Night Vision is Possible

Modern night vision equipment is state of the art for... Read More

Re-Designing the ICBM With The Latest and Greatest Technology

We propose a Stealth Aircraft or non-stealth composite aircraft to... Read More

Confusing MAV Optic Flow Sensors In flight Using Mobiles

Using Shapes on Mobiles to confuse optic flow sensors in... Read More

New Energy Bill: Reducing Our Dependence on Foreign Oil

The U. S. economy is feeling the brunt of skyrocketing... Read More

Micro Blimps Cleaning the Air in Buildings to Eliminate Anthrax spores

Presently mini-blimps are being deployed in government leadership buildings as... Read More

Cloaking the Postage Stamp Modern Aircraft Carrier

By using a special coating on the deck of an... Read More

Global Dumbing?

I am beginning to wonder if scientists have been getting... Read More

The Valuable Individual

How can we, as individuals, participate in waste management? Because... Read More

Tsunami Defined

Tsunami is a Japanese term that describes a large seismically... Read More

MAVs, UAVs, and Insect Flight Characteristics

MAVs and UAVs and Insect Flight Characteristics seem to have... Read More

Flying a Beach Ball UFO

Recently some NASA Scientists were able to fly a MAV;... Read More

Making Diamonds Using The Earth

We can make diamonds using the Earth's inner forces, extreme... Read More

UAV Air-Breathing SAM Upgrade Recommendations

Can a hybrid Surface to Air Missile, UAV loiter for... Read More

Telescopes ? Principle of Operation and Factors that Affect Its Properties

Telescopes are devices that are used to view the distant... Read More

Predictions of Mayan Calendar Followers? 2012 is Just Around the Corner

Well have you heard the latest of the newest Doom... Read More

Will Clones Run the World?

In the US it appears that we have decided that... Read More

4D Mapping of Mars Will Find Life

Let us discuss the mapping of Mars and some thoughts... Read More

UAV Stealth and Radar Energy Capture for Power and Propulsion

A Feasible Idea for UAV Flight, Possible Research and Development... Read More

Free Energy from Space

Tesla was always looking for a way to harvest electromagnetic... Read More