How Disabled Users Access The Internet

In 1995 a new era of accessibility for disabled people began. The Disability Discrimination Act was passed, stating that:

"It is unlawful for a service provider to discriminate against a disabled person by refusing to provide any service which it provides to members of the public."

A website is regarded as a service and the RNIB (Royal National Institute for the Blind) and DRC (Disability Rights Commission) have been quick to apply pressure on to organisations to push this law into practice. Indeed, the DRC has now published its formal investigation into 1000 websites (http://www.drc-gb.org/publicationsandreports/2.pdf).

So, how do disabled people access the Internet? There are a number of different ways depending on their particular disability:

Blind users

Internet users who have no sight at all utilize a screen reader, which reads the content of the web page, or rather the HTML (HyperText Markup Language) code of the page, back to them. These machines sift through the HTML code and the technology deciphers what needs to be read aloud and what should be ignored. IBM's screen reader can be downloaded for a free 30-day trial at http://www-3.ibm.com/able/solution_offerings/hpr.html. Once you have downloaded it, go to your website, turn your monitor off, and try to navigate your website.

Partial/poor sight

To take full advantage of the Internet, users with partial or poor sight need to be able to enlarge the text on web pages. To verify that your website allows them to achieve this on Internet Explorer, go to View > Font size > Largest. If your site is accessible to this group of users then the size of the text throughout the page will increase. Users with poor vision can also use a screen magnifier. You can download a free screen magnifier at http://www.magnifiers.org/links/Download_Software/Screen_Magnifiers/ and see for yourself.

Colour blindness

It is estimated that one in 12 men and one in 200 women have some form of colour blindness (http://www.iee.org/Policy/Areas/Health/cvdintro.cfm). You can check how Internet users with different strains of colour blindness are viewing your website at http://www.tesspub.com/colours.html.

Deaf users

Deaf users are able to access the Internet in much the same way as able-bodied people with one key exception ? audio content. If it is a key function of your website for people to be able to hear a message, then be sure to provide written transcripts.

Keyboard/voice only users

Some of your site users do not have access to a mouse when browsing the Internet. Try putting yourself in their position by navigating your website using only tab, shift-tab, and the return keys.

Other users

Other people who may access your website that have disadvantages include:

  • Epileptic users who must always be careful to avoid seeing flickering between 2 and 55 Hz

  • Web users from outside your industry who may not understand industry jargon or acronyms

  • Web users whose first language is not English and who may not be able to comprehend complicated language

    To really put yourself in the position of one of these web users try out the DRC's inaccessible website demonstration at www.drc-gb.org/open4all/newsroom/website6.asp.

    About The Author

    This article was written by Trenton Moss. He's crazy about web usability and accessibility - so crazy that he went and started his own web usability and accessibility consultancy (Webcredible - http://www.webcredible.co.uk) to help make the Internet a better place for everyone.

    In The News:

    A Quick Primer on Managing Your Web-Development Tasks  EntrepreneurEarly in the life of your startup, perhaps when that venture is still just a side project, you need to get serious about the design of your website or app(s). And you ...
    The Crucial Role of AI in Web Development  Analytics InsightArtificial intelligence is undeniably no longer a buzzword in the web development space. AI in web development is used to design automation, integrating into ...
    Avail The 95% Discount Offer On The Complete Full Stack Web Development Master Class And Become An Expert Developer  WccftechDesigning web applications and becoming an expert at it, is no easy task. It requires a lot of hard work and dedication and often a huge financial investment.
    AI in Web Development: Reality or Hype  ReadWriteTo what extent will artificial integration (AI) change how we do things going into the future, particularly in the field of web development? This debate has been ...
    7 Web Development trends that will shape your online market now and beyond  TechGenYZHere we list out 7 unignorable web design trends to accelerate your growth this year. This will help you shape your online market.
    Start Learning HTML and CSS With This Ultimate Guide  LifehackerThere are so many ways to learn web development, your problem might be how to choose a starting point. The design site CSS-Tricks has their own guide for ...
    Five reasons why you should outsource your web development  Best in AustraliaSo, you should consider outsourcing your website development becauses there are already so many great reasons why you should do it.
    How Artificial Intelligence is reshaping web designing and web development?  Express ComputerBy Ankit Gupta, CEO and VP, WeblinkIndia.net. The modern industries follow the consumer-driven approach, where customer experience has become the ...
    Python Survey: Data Analysis Overtakes Web Development as No. 1 Use Case  ADT MagazineA new developer survey about Python reveals the programming language is now used primarily for data analysis, supplanting the previous No. 1 use case, Web ...
    Ionic 4 taps Web Components for mobile app development  TechTargetThe latest version of Ionic's application development environment, Ionic 4, is rebuilt on standard Web Components to enable developers to use one codebase to ...
    Cosmic JS wants to simplify web development so you can focus on content  TechCrunchIf you are a web developer, you know how complex many of the traditional web *content* management systems have been. One of the big problems has been ...
    This Python Developer Tool Takes The Heavy Lifting Out Of Coding  Analytics India MagazinePycharm is the most popular and full-fledged IDE for Python scripting language which is created by Czech company, JetBrains.
    Website programming? Pffft, so 2011. Python's main squeeze is now data science, apparently  The RegisterThe Python programming language is now used more for data science than web development, according to a new survey. The poll, conducted by the Python ...
    Become a master of code with this full stack developer training  Popular ScienceGrab 46 hours of *fresh* video tutorials for $29 and become a master of code with this full stack developer training.
    Know about Chatbot Development Trends in 2019  Customer ThinkIntroduction. The Chatbot development has come a long way and achieved the huge milestones since its Descent the beginning back in 1960s. Initially, Chatbot ...
    This Complete Full Stack Web Development Master Class Bundle only costs $29  NeowinToday's highlighted deal comes via our Online Courses section of the Neowin Deals store, where you can save 95% off the Complete Full Stack Web ...
    Web development trends 2019 - Ponder on them to make a difference  ITProPortalThe world of web development experiences demand constant transformation every year, whether it is related to tools, services, coding, languages, or designs.
    3 Tips for Marketing Your Web Development Business in 2019  Business 2 CommunityThe new year is here and it's time to kick your web development business into overdrive. There's no doubt that the web development industry is growing at a ...
    Redefy Holdings, Inc., Hires Seasoned Real Estate Executive Colby Sambrotto as Chief Revenue Officer  GlobeNewswireDENVER, Feb. 15, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Redefy Holdings, Inc., a disruptive technology company that is transforming the real estate market, today ...
    What's Keeping Girls From Translating 'Soft Skills' Superiority Into STEM Field Success?  ForbesWomen and girls excel at the “soft skills” employers say they want but females number only 28% of STEM workers despite gains.
    Can a coding boot camp reboot your career?  Global NewsCoding boot camps bill themselves as a shortcut to well-paying, high-tech jobs.
    School Leavers Should Check Out Harare Polytechnic’s I.T Programme  Technology ZimbabweConsidering tertiary education in any IT-related area? It can be mind-boggling deciding where to go and I know the university was the first place that crossed ...
    The Internet Was Built on the Free Labor of Open Source Developers. Is That Sustainable?  MotherboardA look at the complicated business of funding open source software development.
    Announcing IGN's 2019 Internship!  IGNAre you looking to work in the web industry? Apply for our paid, eight-week internship at IGN in San Francisco and get hands-on experience with the world's ...
    Infibeam Auditors Raise Questions On Advances To Vendors  BloombergQuintAuditors to Infibeam Avenues Ltd. raised questions about loans to vendors and how it recognises revenue in a *fresh* concern for the online retailer.
    React Native vs Xamarin: The Best Cross-Platform Development Framework  AppinventivThinking of investing in cross-platform app development in 2019? Wondering what's better for you - React Native vs Xamarin? Discover using these factors.
    Marketing firm helps nonprofits with websites | 2019-02-15  grbj.comA local digital marketing agency is rolling out a new initiative to help West Michigan nonprofits. Grand Rapids-based LaFleur Marketing announced its first ...
    XcelTec enhances its services for Mobile App Development - WhaTech  WhaTechXcelTec is a leading mobile app development company in Ahmadabad India, Offers android, iPhone, PhoneGap, and web app development and SEO services ...
    Cal Poly, Fullstack partner with online courses for web developers  Education DiveCalifornia Polytechnic State University is partnering with coding boot camp Fullstack Academy to train web developers in a 26-week, part-time synchronous ...
    SA leaders look to recruit talent, startups at SXSW Interactive  San Antonio Business JournalLocal executives see the major technology conference as an opportunity to connect with next-generation talent and to recruit international startups.
    How Tim Berners-Lee's Inrupt project plans to fix the web  Wired.co.ukTim Berners-Lee wants to change the face of the internet he created. In September 2018, the father of the world wide web announced the launch of startup Inrupt ...
    Data analysis reveals keys to student success  The Hechinger ReportEditor's note: This story led off this week's Future of Learning newsletter, which is delivered free to subscribers' inboxes every Wednesday with trends and top ...
    Top 5 Easy-to-learn New Programming Languages  TechnotificationIf you want to learn a new programming language that is easy and have good demand in the market then you should learn any of these languages.
    How to make your website more accessible to people with disabilities  Siliconrepublic.comWeb accessibility is a crucial element for developers to remember in every project, says User1st's Shawn Pike.
    The 20 best online jobs boards for graphic designers  Creative BoomDemand for graphic designers is at an all-time high right now, and there are opportunities opening up everywhere. So whether you're a new graduate o...
    Town of Black Mountain to launch new website  Black Mountain NewsStaying informed about matters of local government will soon be more convenient for residents of Black Mountain. On Monday, Feb. 25, the town will launch its ...
    What will NYC lose after Amazon HQ2 deal crumbles?  Curbed NYHere are the commitments Amazon is taking with it.
    Web Development on an iPad  Laravel NewsThe idea of working entirely from an iPad has always appealed to me. The portability, the battery life, and of course the touch screen makes it an excellent device ...
    Data breach allowed students to view other students' admission files, sensitive personal data  The Stanford DailyTweaking a URL for requested FERPA files revealed others' Common Application essays, transcripts with Social Security numbers and more. Julia Ingram ...
    5 Ways in Which Data Science Is Revolutionizing Web Development  Analytics InsightCustom software development companies are figuring out new ways to utilize the advanced data science techniques to build customized websites to suit specific ...
    From being a rookie to grabbing an internship: Sanya's tryst with web development  QriusSanya Singh is a student of Northern India Engineering College, who learnt the ropes of web development through Internshala and bagged an internship.
    This $41 course package can get you hired as a back-end web developer  The Next WebFront end developers get all the glory. Their work is always right there in a user's face with all that HTML and CSS goodness. But those in the know know that the ...
    Trends You can Expect in Web Development for 2019  Customer ThinkThe current generation of website developers is ideal employees in consideration of web development spectrum. Most of the modern people respond quickly to ...
    What Skills Should You Look for in a Web Developer?  Customer ThinkIntroduction. Choosing a web development company is one of the most important decisions a business can make in today's marketplace. Simply put, how a ...
    Learn Web Development for Free With App Academy  LifehackerCoding school App Academy has opened a free online interactive version of its 12-week curriculum. That's a pretty good deal, since the Academy's in-person ...
    Web Development: What's Big In 2019?  HackadayI try to keep up with web development trends but it's hard to keep pace since it's such a fast evolving field. Barely a week goes by without the release of a new JS ...
    Careers in Web Development  Telangana TodayIn the last edition we have discussed about various technology stacks, what to learn and what is the career path. This article details about careers in web ...
    Know about the current trends in web development  Customer ThinkIn case of web development, you may have probably heard that the only constant is the change. It is an industry-defining statement as web development keeps ...
    9 Web development trends you simply cannot ignore in 2018  TechGenYZWeb development is a major part in conversions and increasing your sales.To optimize your websites know the web development trends of the year.
    From Salon Marketplace: Earn a web development certification with this bootcamp  SalonThe Beginner Full Stack Web Development course provides a strong foundation of digital knowledge.
    How will AI change the web development in future?  Customer ThinkAI is present everywhere – from chatbots to virtual assistants, AI is used in day to day activities. Virtual assistants like Siri and Cortana are helping the users by ...
    Done Role of IoT in Web Development  Customer ThinkWith the increasing advent of technology and the ever-changing demands of people as well as businesses, there has been a rise in technologies which have ...
    JavaScript and Web Development InfoQ Trends Report  InfoQ.comThis InfoQ Trends Report looks at the current trends with JavaScript, HTML, CSS, and web development in general, exploring technologies and options gaining ...
    Things You Should Definitely Know About Web Development Team  Customer ThinkImagine one time you came up with a great idea to create a website for your company. The first step to take in this case is to hire a web development team of ...
    Five hacks to land a top-notch internship in web development  Daily News & AnalysisWhether you've got your degree in web development or you're still studying, it is imperative to gain some practical experience in the field. But, landing a web ...
    How to become full-stack web developer  JAXenterIf you're looking for a way to become a full-stack web developer, and amplify your chances of landing a well-paid job, here is the ultimate guideline.
    4 Ways Web Development Has Changed Over the Years  The Hans IndiaWeb development has seen many changes over the years New ideas, new technologies and what is acceptable as an industry standard has pushed web ...
    How IoT Is Changing Web Development  IoT For AllIoT brings changes to software development on many levels, including on the web. Let's discuss the main peculiarities and nuances of IoT web development.
    Focusing on data science and web development, edtech startup edWisor looks to bridge the skill gap  YourStory.comBootstrapped edWisor looks to address skill shortage in the areas of data science and web development, and uses gamification to align freshers with industry ...
    Best Programming Languages For Backend Web Development  TechnotificationHere are some interesting server-side web development programming languages worth considering for web development.
    Score 9 courses on back-end web development for just $41  MashableAt the risk of sounding totally high: Websites are sort of like restaurants, when you think about it. Stick with us. You've got your front-end developers, who function ...
    Lean Web Development with the Best Teachers Online  Digital InspirationFor the past few months, I have been on a learning spree looking to enhance my existing coding skills and also learn new programming languages and ...
    6 steps to becoming a full stack developer  TechGenixThe journey to becoming a full stack developer might appear herculean at first. But once you master these six steps, you are on your way to getting there.
    Microsoft brings Chromium to Edge to reduce web development fragmentation  SDTimes.comMicrosoft has announced plans to adopt Chromium into Microsoft Edge on desktop. Chromium is an open-source web browser project created by Google.
    Web development school pushes for more tech-industry training  KMTV - 3 News NowThe Interface Web School, which is a part of the AIM Institute, wants to help put people to work in the growing tech industry. Aim's mission is to grow, connect and ...
    Spring MVC tutorial: How Spring Boot web MVC makes Java app development easy  TheServerSide.comThere are many Java web development tutorials available online, but there are very few Spring MVC examples that run within a Spring Boot project. This Spring ...
    Report: What is the next big thing in web development?  JAXenterThe 2018 Packt Skill Up Report: We take a closer look at web development: What technologies are currently number one and what does the future hold?
    Yale, Flatiron School create web development bootcamp for summer session  Yale NewsYale Summer Session is collaborating with Flatiron School to offer a Web Development Bootcamp for Summer 2019, which will carry two Yale College credits, ...
    10 Essential Question to Ask Your Web Developer  Business.comAsking the right questions when choosing a web developer can help you find someone who understands your vision and can give you the website you want.
    Future of web development in India  Daily News & AnalysisFuture of web development in India - Web development, as a career, has witnessed a boom all over the world, including India, since the time e-commerce has ...
    Learn Web Development For Just $15 With This Amazing Complete Web Developer Course 2.0 – Limited Offer  WccftechLearn web development with Robert Percival. Get the Complete Web Developer Course 2.0 for an amazing discount offer and start a career!
    Django vs Flask: A Look At The Two Popular Python Web Frameworks  Analytics India MagazineIn this article, we look at two of the best frameworks, Django and Flask that can be used by Python programmers and developers.
    Ten Basic Things Every Web Developer Should Know  HTML Goodiesten things you need to know if you plan to build a web site.
    4 Questions to Ask a Web Developer During an Interview  DevOps.comWeb development is a fragile process. You need talented web developers to make truly beautiful sites with seamless user experiences and fast loading There's ...
    9 Essential tools to write your posts correctly  TechGenYZHiring a website developer is necessary to create a professional website. However, is it so easy? Have a look at top reasons to hire the best website ...
    Job vacancy: Marketing and web development project manager  International Association of Athletics FederationsThe IAAF is seeking a marketing and web development project manager at its Monaco headquarters. Reporting to the chief information officer, the marketing and ...
    Learn the tricks of web development in 44 hours  Android AuthoritySpending just $29 could be the start of your future in web development. The minimum outcome is that you learn an interesting and marketable new skill. If things ...
    4 Ways to Ensure Effective Web Development  Business 2 CommunityWhen it comes to building a new website, many businesses choose to focus predominantly on the design aspect of the project when approaching agencies to ...
    How do I know if Web Development is right for me?  TechRepublicHow do you know if you're ready for a career change in tech, and if that change is right for you? A TechRepublic member is trying figure this out and is asking ...
    How Website Development Has Changed Over the Years (infographic)  Digital Information WorldWebsite design has come a long way in a relatively short time. From zeros and ones to lines of code to intuitive website builders, designing for the web has ...
    7 Best YouTube channels to learn web development & designing  TechGenYZNeed to learn web design and development? No worries, there are millions of tutorials, and videos available on YouTube for people to learn new skills or to ...
    Best web development tools of 2018  TechRadarGrab the right tools to get web development done without breaking a sweat.
    Image Management 101: The Web Developer’s Guide  DevOps.comHow understanding the user experience can help web developers in managing images effectively Online experiences have in many ways supplanted in-person ...
    Top Five Programming Languages To Learn In 2019  Analytics India MagazineIn this article, we list 5 programming languages that are recommended for 2019 and the importance of these languages. These langyages are in great demand.
    Why has Python Failed To Penetrate The Enterprise Development Sector?  Analytics India MagazinePython has built considerable buzz in the large-scale web development space, but despite its popularity, it has failed to penetrate enterprise development.
    Full stack puts Bellevue University web development students ahead of the pack  Omaha World-HeraldStudents learn to design, code, implement and maintain an interactive website on their own.
    Best Web Frameworks in Popular Programming Languages  TechnotificationWeb frameworks simplify the whole web development process. The big question is: Which are the best web development frameworks to use in 2019?
    A web developer's perspective: Edge's move to Chromium will increase productivity, but raises long-term concerns OnMSFT.com  OnMSFTLast week Microsoft confirmed the unprecedented news that it's rebuilding its Edge web browser atop the Chromium open-source rendering engine. It spells the ...
    What is Document Object Model (DOM) in Web Development?  TechnotificationBrowsers know how to convert the tags of the HTML into a tree with the help of DOM. Here is all you need to know about Document Object Model.
    You Can Become a Web Developer with This Interactive Coding Bootcamp  Interesting EngineeringWith over 60 hours of instruction led by industry professionals, this in-depth bundle will get you up to speed with the world's most important programming ...
    Understand Web Development in Less than 1 Hour  SitePointThis article explains what web development is, by exploring how it started and how it evolved.
    Is Agile Web Development All It's Cracked Up to Be?  EContentWhile AWD offers several advantages over waterfall and other methodologies, it has its limitations too. Whether you're preparing to take your first iterative plunge ...
    5 examples of Artificial Intelligence in Web apps  Packt HubThis article highlights the five key areas where web apps are employing Artificial intelligence to automate some part of their system.
    Use Rust for web development [Tutorial]  Packt HubRust is efficient and has well thought web-oriented frameworks, making it viable for web development. In this article, we'll see how Rust can be used for web ...
    “ChromeOS is ready for web development” – A talk by Dan Dascalescu at the Chrome Web Summit 2018  Packt HubAt the Chrome Web Summit 2018, Dan Dascalescu, partner developer advocate at Google provided a high-level overview of ChromeOS and discussed ...
    Top 5 Web Development Startups of 2018  BBN TimesTech Start-ups are the most trending things among investors and entrepreneurs due to the serious innovations they offer. Who knows which upcoming tech ...
    Learn the Essentials of Web Development with This eBook Bundle  Interesting EngineeringThrough hands-on, real-world instruction, this course teaches you about everything from development essentials like JavaScript, Java, and C++ to interview ...
    5 Best Online Front-end Web Development Playgrounds  Technotification5 best online front-end web dev playgrounds to test code. As soon as the code is written, the test-ready output is delivered within seconds.
    Keep users in the heart of web development with this UI/UX Design training — and name your price  The Next WebWe all know how important site architecture and usability is to a website's eventual success or failure. While the actual mechanics of site building are usually ...
    Google isn’t the company that we should have handed the Web over to  Ars TechnicaWith Microsoft's decision to end development of its own Web rendering engine and switch to Chromium, control over the Web has functionally been ceded to ...

  • Nonsense! Why Do I Need a Website?

    "I don't sell anything online, I don't advertise online, in... Read More

    Effective Webdesign

    D.zigns dzignerwebs The Basics Before starting on... Read More

    The Two Most Common Mistakes That Scare Away Web Visitors

    Can you imagine the hypocrisy of spending thousands of dollars,... Read More

    Whats Your Business Online Attitude?

    This article was prompted by some customer support work I... Read More

    Setting Up Your First Website

    Q. Hey, Cathy: I'm just setting up a website. What... Read More

    Where on Earth is Your Websitee?

    You've just finished congratulating your marketing team. After six months... Read More

    Develop a Solid Website Presence

    Starting an internet business can be confusing to non-veterans. The... Read More

    Build or Buy a CMS?

    Creating a content management system either from scratch,... Read More

    How To Start Your Own Website

    I'm one of those people that always wanted a website,... Read More

    Making Your Websites More Compelling

    The Internet is a remarkable publishing medium. With just a... Read More

    Get to Know People through Websites

    Web sites are not just places to sell things; they... Read More

    How to Get Your Website In Front of Thousands of Customers At No Cost To You!

    Dan Kennedy once said that if you can't make money... Read More

    Make Your Web Site Stand Out

    When visitors add your web site to their Favorites or... Read More

    Email Addresses in Web Pages

    You want to give your site's visitors a way to... Read More

    Art, Artists and the Web: Part 3--What to Put on an Artist?s Website

    What to put your the website if you are an... Read More

    Set Up Your Website in Minutes ? For Free

    There was a time not long ago when setting up... Read More

    Live Support from Your Website? Can You Do It for Free?

    I'm a freelance programmer and somehow I managed to get... Read More

    Beware the Software Siren

    I've heard several prominent web marketers mention in their classes... Read More

    Build a Web Site that Works...Even for a Safari Hobby!

    My life's greatest passion is a safari hobby. And what... Read More

    The 5 Biggest Mistakes Almost All Web Designers Make

    Huge Mistake #1: Creating a Website with Flash -- Did... Read More

    How to Handle Web Surfers Who Disabled JavaScript

    There are hundreds of millions of Web surfers today. Each... Read More

    Free Isnt Always Good - 5 Reasons Why You Need Your Own Website

    Often time I've browsed sites and seen the same thing... Read More

    How Did You Get Here?

    When marketing your website, it's important to know which of... Read More

    7 Golden Rules For Building Mini Sites

    First, an eye opener. Making your fortune through affiliate programs... Read More

    Earning From Your Website

    Before you start building your site, ask yourself "WHY?". Why... Read More