The Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) & Web Accessibility

There's been widespread speculation about the new legislation being introduced under the DDA (Disability Discrimination Act), which will ensure that websites are accessible to blind and disabled users. Try to find specific information about it on the Internet and chances are you'll come up empty handed.

The RNIB (Royal National Institute for the Blind) and the DRC (Disability Rights Commission), two of the most renowned advocates for the DDA (Disability Discrimination Act) and accessible websites, have no specific information about the laws and what websites specifically need to do in order to meet the legal requirements.

So, what does the law state?

Part III of the Disability Discrimination Act refers to the provision of goods, facilities and services. The Code of Practice, which specifically mentions websites, can be downloaded in its entirety from the DRC website (http://www.drc-gb.org/open4all/law/Code%20of%20Practice.pdf 676kb).

The relevant quotes from this 175-page document are:

  • 2.2 (p7): "The Act makes it unlawful for a service provider to discriminate against a disabled person by refusing to provide any service which it provides to members of the public."

  • 4.7 (p39): "From 1st October 1999 a service provider has to take reasonable steps to change a practice which makes it unreasonably difficult for disabled people to make use of its services."

  • 2.13 ? 2.17 (p11-13): "What services are affected by the Act? An airline company provides a flight reservation and booking service to the public on its website. This is a provision of a service and is subject to the act."

  • 5.23 (p71): "For people with visual impairments, the range of auxiliary aids or services which it might be reasonable to provide to ensure that services are accessible might include ... accessible websites."

  • 5.26 (p68): "For people with hearing disabilities, the range of auxiliary aids or services which it might be reasonable to provide to ensure that services are accessible might include ... accessible websites. "

When does the law come into force?

It's widely believed that the new laws will be implemented in October of this year, when the final part of the DDA comes into force. This final piece of legislation actually refers to service providers having to consider making permanent physical adjustments to their premises and is not related to the Internet in any way.

The law about accessible websites came into force on 1st October 1999 (http://www.drc-gb.org/open4all/law/code.asp) and the Code of Practice for this section of the Act was published on 27th May 2002 (http://www.hmso.gov.uk/si/si2002/20020720.htm). This means that the majority of websites are already in breach of the law.

Can you be sued?

Well, probably. The RNIB claim that they've considered taking up a number of legal cases against organisations with regard to their websites. When they raised the accessibility issues of the website under the DDA, companies have typically made the necessary changes, rather than facing the prospect of legal action.

The DRC has now published their findings from their formal investigation into 1000 websites. (http://www.drc-gb.org/publicationsandreports/2.pdf). If your website was included then you will have to start thinking about making it accessible to all web users in the very near future.

What do you need to do to comply?

It's widely believed that if, or perhaps more appropriately when, a case makes it to court that the W3C accessibility guidelines will be used to assess a website's accessibility and ultimately decide the outcome of the case. The W3C is the Internet governing body and its web accessibility guidelines can be found at http://www.w3.org/TR/WAI-WEBCONTENT/full-checklist.html.

To further complicate matters, the W3C offers three different levels of compliance. Priority 1 guidelines, (which must be satisfied according to the W3C) will almost certainly have to be adhered to. Priority 2 guidelines (which should be satisfied and are the EU recommended level of compliance (http://www.disabilityworld.org/09-10_02/access/internetaccess.shtml), or some part of, will probably also need to be adhered to too.

The courts will also no doubt take guidance from the outcome of an Australian case in 2000, when a blind man successfully sued the Sydney Olympics organising committee over their inaccessible website (http://www.contenu.nu/socog.html).

Disability Discrimination Act in full: http://www.hmso.gov.uk/acts/acts1995/Ukpga_19950050_en_1.htm

About The Author

This article was written by Trenton Moss. He's crazy about web usability and accessibility - so crazy that he went and started his own web usability and accessibility consultancy (Webcredible - http://www.webcredible.co.uk) to help make the Internet a better place for everyone.

In The News:

Web Development on an iPad  Laravel NewsThe idea of working entirely from an iPad has always appealed to me. The portability, the battery life, and of course the touch screen makes it an excellent device ...
Web Development: What's Big In 2019?  HackadayI try to keep up with web development trends but it's hard to keep pace since it's such a fast evolving field. Barely a week goes by without the release of a new JS ...
What Skills Should You Look for in a Web Developer?  Customer ThinkIntroduction. Choosing a web development company is one of the most important decisions a business can make in today's marketplace. Simply put, how a ...
Web development school pushes for more tech-industry training  KMTV - 3 News NowThe Interface Web School, which is a part of the AIM Institute, wants to help put people to work in the growing tech industry.
Trends You can Expect in Web Development for 2019  Customer ThinkThe current generation of website developers is ideal employees in consideration of web development spectrum. Most of the modern people respond quickly to ...
From Salon Marketplace: Earn a web development certification with this bootcamp  SalonThe Beginner Full Stack Web Development course provides a strong foundation of digital knowledge.
10 Essential Question to Ask Your Web Developer  Business.comAsking the right questions when choosing a web developer can help you find someone who understands your vision and can give you the website you want.
How to become full-stack web developer  JAXenterIf you're looking for a way to become a full-stack web developer, and amplify your chances of landing a well-paid job, here is the ultimate guideline.
Why an Understanding of UI and UX is Now Vital to Web Development Success! - WhaTech  WhaTechWhen developing a web site, the way the user will ultimately interact with that site has become very important to the ultimate success of the project.
What’s the Difference Between UI and UX?  TechnotificationThis article will guide you through how to design a website with effective use of two very important components – UI and UX.
Best Programming Languages For Backend Web Development  TechnotificationHere are some interesting server-side web development programming languages worth considering for web development.
Score 9 courses on back-end web development for just $41  MashableAt the risk of sounding totally high: Websites are sort of like restaurants, when you think about it. Stick with us. You've got your front-end developers, who function ...
Well-Known Name in the field of Web and Mobile App Development From London!  The FriskyAs we're living in the age of the smartphones, the users of these devices are taking advantage of various amenities and services available to them. Mobile ...
Angular 6 training: Start your career in web development  Augusta Free PressAngular 6 is a Java-based web application development framework that had made waves in the industry.
Best Web Frameworks in Popular Programming Languages  TechnotificationWeb frameworks simplify the whole web development process. The big question is: Which are the best web development frameworks to use in 2019?
Richmond-based Colab developed Amazon's Alexa to check on Virginia Lottery numbers  Richmond.comVirginia Lottery players who ask Amazon's voice assistant Alexa to check lottery numbers have Richmond-based web development agency Colab to thank.
11 REASONS WHY YOU NEED A PROFESSIONAL WEBSITE  Thrive GlobalMany small and medium business owners still do not believe that they will be able to earn more money if they have own website, or they consider the cost of ...
Web Developer job, Johannesbug, Fourways  Bizcommunity.comDigital Briefcase is a digital marketing agency looking for a mid-level web developer to join our team from February 2019.Design, maintain and implement new ...
Top Five Programming Languages To Learn In 2019  Analytics India MagazineIn this article, we list 5 programming languages that are recommended for 2019 and the importance of these languages. These langyages are in great demand.
Using Ruby on Rails for Web Development on Mac OS X – OSnews  OS News“It should come as no surprise that Mac OS X is a favored platform for Rails development. Rails and its supporting cast of web servers and databases thrive on ...
Apache Web Development with IBM DB2 for Linux – OSnews  OS NewsIBM's strategy for Linux is starting to pay off as “Linux Breathes New Life Into The Mainframe”. The focus is not only sales but also in education as IBM released ...
Web developer Ixis acquires ecommerce specialist LiberoNet  Liverpool Business NewsWarrington-based Ixis, which has reported a significant rise in turnover and profits, will see its headcount rise to 20 following the deal. Ixis Dan Pala of LIberoNet ...
Failed Startups of MENA: Founder of Egypt-based price comparison website Bkam that had raised ~$500,000 in funding shares his story  MENAbytesFailed Startups of MENA, as the name suggests, is a series of articles and interviews where we try to learn about failed startups from the region – how'd they end ...
Guidelines for iPhone Web-Development – OSnews  OS NewsApple posted on their developer website guidelines with instructions on optimising web-applications for the iPhone. “Developers can create Web 2.0 ...
Amazon to hire 1300 more workers in India in regional recruitment drive | HRM Asia  HRM AsiaAmazon has revealed plans to create 1,300 jobs in India; the highest in the Asia-Pacific. The e-commerce giant already has more than 60,000 people in India ...
The former homeless man bringing web access to the Bronx  BBC NewsThe digital divide - the economic gap between those with internet access and those without - is a growing problem throughout the world, and not just in ...
Junior Website Developer and Designer Integral Media Graduate  Pedestrian TVIntegral Media is a leading digital marketing agency based in St Kilda. We bring together like-minded people to create a fun and dynamic workplace to come to.
Macrew Technologies - eCommerce web development  WhaTechMacrew Technologies is a ISO certified company provides professional web development, website design , mobile app development and SEO services at ...
Business to do in Nigeria in 2019  Legit.ngLegit.ng News ☆ What is the best ☛ BUSINESS to do in Nigeria ☛ in 2019? There are many online business ideas with low capital to pursue. If you want do ...
.NET Web Developer Intern - Carminati Consulting  Built In ChicagoCarminati Consulting is hiring for a .NET Web Developer Intern in Chicago. Find more details about the job and how to apply at Built In Chicago.
What is the best website design and website development companies in India? - Business Advice  Business.comThe ubiquity of web development companies in India doesn't really translate to the ease of finding them. You may ask your peers around and they will tell you ...
Top 3 free courses on Web Development using Django  TechJuiceDjango is a Python-based web development framework which employs the use of model-view-template architecture to create web experiences with the main ...
Kickstart a New Career and Learn How to Build Websites for $15  EntrepreneurThough it often feels like it if you haven't been on the working end, entire websites don't just pop up randomly and effortlessly, like pesky dandelions on a lawn ...
Web App Development Startup Pendo to Triple Number of Employees in Israel  CTechWeb application development startup Pendo.io Inc. intends to triple the number of employees in its Israeli research and development center, Yaron Goldberg, ...
How Web Development Agencies Can Boost Your Business  TapscapeA true one-of-a-kind website is made up of several design and optimization stages, including SEO, web *content* development, user experience and website.
Kunsh Technologies - web design and development company, India Awarded "Site of the Day" in Design...  WhaTechMany web design nominees and award winners will agree upon the notion that, we have earned a moment that you might call a virtual red carpet.
4 Effective Interview Questions to Ask Remote Web Developers  HostReview.comWeb developers have never been as needed as they are today. They can make everything from attractive information sites to complex web applications.
Web Design City Dubai - Website Development  WhaTechDubai Website Design is best web design company in Dubai provides website development, eCommerce, WordPress designing by web designers & developers ...
Top Beacon App Development Companies  MobileAppDailyThis is the list of the Top Beacon App Development Companies of 2019 that our team has curated with great care consists of the names of some of the best ...
Pritzker cites Galesburg native and local coding school in inaugural address  WGIL Radio NewsJamie Gladfelter, a Galesburg native now living in Chicago was pretty surprised when he was mentioned by Gov. J.B. Pritzker in his first address as Illinois' 43 ...
We discuss the key trends for web and app developers in 2019 [Podcast]  Packt HubWeb development has evolved considerably over the last 5 years. But what key web development trends should we be watching in 2019?
What developers should know about Windows's shift to Chromium  InfoWorldMicrosoft's seismic shift from its own browser engine to Google's Chromium for Windows's Microsoft Edge browser is one of the biggest changes to the Windows ...
5 Ways in Which Data Science Is Revolutionizing Web Development  Analytics InsightCustom software development companies are figuring out new ways to utilize the advanced data science techniques to build customized websites to suit specific ...
The boss is retiring. The kids don't want to take over. Family-owned manufacturers confront a succession ‘crisis’  Chicago TribuneBaby boomer company owners often don't know who will run their businesses once they hang up their gloves. A Chicago nonprofit seeks to match retiring ...
8 programming languages to learn in 2019  Packt HubWhat is the best programming language to learn in 2019? Whether you're a developer or data analyst, find out what language should be your priority.
From being a rookie to grabbing an internship: Sanya's tryst with web development  QriusSanya Singh is a student of Northern India Engineering College, who learnt the ropes of web development through Internshala and bagged an internship.
Learn Web Development for Free With App Academy  LifehackerCoding school App Academy has opened a free online interactive version of its 12-week curriculum. That's a pretty good deal, since the Academy's in-person ...
9 Web development trends you simply cannot ignore in 2018  TechGenYZWeb development is a major part in conversions and increasing your sales.To optimize your websites know the web development trends of the year.
Know about the current trends in web development  Customer ThinkIn case of web development, you may have probably heard that the only constant is the change. It is an industry-defining statement as web development keeps ...
Careers in Web Development  Telangana TodayIn the last edition we have discussed about various technology stacks, what to learn and what is the career path. This article details about careers in web ...
How to work with Azure's managed MariaDB  InfoWorldIf Microsoft is to succeed in making Azure its future, it needs to bring developers to its cloud platform. That would be easy if we were back in the early days of the ...
Done Role of IoT in Web Development  Customer ThinkWith the increasing advent of technology and the ever-changing demands of people as well as businesses, there has been a rise in technologies which have ...
Focusing on data science and web development, edtech startup edWisor looks to bridge the skill gap  YourStory.comBootstrapped edWisor looks to address skill shortage in the areas of data science and web development, and uses gamification to align freshers with industry ...
How will AI change the web development in future?  Customer ThinkAI is present everywhere – from chatbots to virtual assistants, AI is used in day to day activities. Virtual assistants like Siri and Cortana are helping the users by ...
4 Ways Web Development Has Changed Over the Years  The Hans IndiaWeb development has seen many changes over the years New ideas, new technologies and what is acceptable as an industry standard has pushed web ...
How IoT Is Changing Web Development  IoT For AllIoT brings changes to software development on many levels, including on the web. Let's discuss the main peculiarities and nuances of IoT web development.
Creating Instagram feed : Incredibly easy methods that works for all  TechGenYZSo you think that your business needs a web presence. For an unmatched website, you would love to hire the best web development company. However, just ...
Tips to Hire a Web Developer with Required Skills in 2019  Customer ThinkWeb development is serious business. In recent years, it has had a great impetus and is one of the major priorities for every business irrespective of its size and ...
Things You Should Definitely Know About Web Development Team  Customer ThinkImagine one time you came up with a great idea to create a website for your company. The first step to take in this case is to hire a web development team of ...
JavaScript and Web Development InfoQ Trends Report  InfoQ.comThis InfoQ Trends Report looks at the current trends with JavaScript, HTML, CSS, and web development in general, exploring technologies and options gaining ...
Spring MVC tutorial: How Spring Boot web MVC makes Java app development easy  TheServerSide.comThere are many Java web development tutorials available online, but there are very few Spring MVC examples that run within a Spring Boot project. This Spring ...
4 Questions to Ask a Web Developer During an Interview  DevOps.comWeb development is a fragile process. You need talented web developers to make truly beautiful sites with seamless user experiences and fast loading There's ...
Microsoft brings Chromium to Edge to reduce web development fragmentation  SDTimes.comMicrosoft has announced plans to adopt Chromium into Microsoft Edge on desktop. Chromium is an open-source web browser project created by Google.
Why Hiring Top Web Developers is a Good Idea  DevOps.comWeb development is one of the most valuable activities of any company, especially tech companies and web design agencies.
Lean Web Development with the Best Teachers Online  Digital InspirationFor the past few months, I have been on a learning spree looking to enhance my existing coding skills and also learn new programming languages and ...
Five hacks to land a top-notch internship in web development  Daily News & AnalysisWhether you've got your degree in web development or you're still studying, it is imperative to gain some practical experience in the field. But, landing a web ...
How do I know if Web Development is right for me?  TechRepublicHow do you know if you're ready for a career change in tech, and if that change is right for you? A TechRepublic member is trying figure this out and is asking ...
Report: What is the next big thing in web development?  JAXenterThe 2018 Packt Skill Up Report: We take a closer look at web development: What technologies are currently number one and what does the future hold?
Learn Web Development For Just $15 With This Amazing Complete Web Developer Course 2.0 – Limited Offer  WccftechLearn web development with Robert Percival. Get the Complete Web Developer Course 2.0 for an amazing discount offer and start a career!
Yale announces Web Development “Bootcamp”  Yale Daily NewsYalies interested in programming will be able to take a 10-week web development boot camp this summer for credit, offered as a part of Yale Summer Session, ...
6 steps to becoming a full stack developer  TechGenixThe journey to becoming a full stack developer might appear herculean at first. But once you master these six steps, you are on your way to getting there.
Top 6 Web Development Trends that will Dominate 2019  ToolboxWhen it comes to web development you are bound to experience constant changes and updates in the designs every year. In fact, the updates and trends are ...
Yale, Flatiron School create web development bootcamp for summer session  Yale NewsYale Summer Session is collaborating with Flatiron School to offer a Web Development Bootcamp for Summer 2019, which will carry two Yale College credits, ...
Ten Basic Things Every Web Developer Should Know  HTML Goodiesten things you need to know if you plan to build a web site.
Learn the tricks of Web Development in 44 hours  Android AuthorityWeb development skills open up a whole range of exciting opportunities. get the expertise in this seven-part learning kit.
YouTube for Android gets a new UI and voice command for a better-customized interface  TechGenYZNeed to learn web design and development? No worries, there are millions of tutorials, and videos available on YouTube for people to learn new skills or to ...
The elements of WebAssembly – Wat and Wasm, explained [Tutorial]  Packt HubIn this tutorial, we will learn about the WebAssembly modules Wat and Wasm, their values, types, and module sections.
Why has Python Failed To Penetrate The Enterprise Development Sector?  Analytics India MagazinePython has built considerable buzz in the large-scale web development space, but despite its popularity, it has failed to penetrate enterprise development.
Job vacancy: Marketing and web development project manager  International Association of Athletics FederationsThe IAAF is seeking a marketing and web development project manager at its Monaco headquarters. Reporting to the chief information officer, the marketing and ...
Image Management 101: The Web Developer’s Guide  DevOps.comHow understanding the user experience can help web developers in managing images effectively Online experiences have in many ways supplanted in-person ...
4 Ways to Ensure Effective Web Development  Business 2 CommunityWhen it comes to building a new website, many businesses choose to focus predominantly on the design aspect of the project when approaching agencies to ...
Break into the field of web development with these discounted e-books  MashableThe barriers to breaking into the web development field are lower than ever. You no longer need to break the bank, quit your job, and enroll in a university to ...
Django vs Flask: A Look At The Two Popular Python Web Frameworks  Analytics India MagazineIn this article, we look at two of the best frameworks, Django and Flask that can be used by Python programmers and developers.
What is Document Object Model (DOM) in Web Development?  TechnotificationBrowsers know how to convert the tags of the HTML into a tree with the help of DOM. Here is all you need to know about Document Object Model.
This web developer course is down by over £150  MashableProgress from a junior to senior web developer for just £11.99 with this course.
Which Cloud Solution Is Best For Your Web App Development  MobileAppDailyLearn more about which cloud solution is most suitable for your web app development and what is the right way to choose an efficient cloud *service* .
How Website Development Has Changed Over the Years (infographic)  Digital Information WorldWebsite design has come a long way in a relatively short time. From zeros and ones to lines of code to intuitive website builders, designing for the web has ...
Understand Web Development in Less than 1 Hour  SitePointThis article was created in partnership with KTree. Thank you for supporting the partners who make SitePoint possible. This article explains what web ...
Best web development tools of 2018  TechRadarGrab the right tools to get web development done without breaking a sweat.
“ChromeOS is ready for web development” – A talk by Dan Dascalescu at the Chrome Web Summit 2018  Packt HubAt the Chrome Web Summit 2018, Dan Dascalescu, partner developer advocate at Google provided a high-level overview of ChromeOS and discussed ...
Full stack puts Bellevue University web development students ahead of the pack  Omaha World-HeraldStudents learn to design, code, implement and maintain an interactive website on their own.
How online learning platforms are bridging demand-supply gap in IT manpower requirement  YourStoryThere is a skill shortage in the IT industry, the global shortage to grow from 7 million to 23 million by 2022, 1.2 million in India set to increase to 6.5.
Top 5 Web Development Startups of 2018  BBN TimesTech Start-ups are the most trending things among investors and entrepreneurs due to the serious innovations they offer. Who knows which upcoming tech ...
Use Rust for web development [Tutorial]  Packt HubRust is efficient and has well thought web-oriented frameworks, making it viable for web development. In this article, we'll see how Rust can be used for web ...
How Is Data Science Transforming Web Development?  DataconomyWeb app development is about to undergo a significant revolution triggered by the rise of data science. So far, developers have created apps based on focus ...
Some of the Best IDEs and Text Editors for Web Development  TechnotificationThe right IDEs or a Text editor will be a huge help during coding. It'll help you be faster, accurate and productive for web development.
You Can Become a Web Developer with This Interactive Coding Bootcamp  Interesting EngineeringWith over 60 hours of instruction led by industry professionals, this in-depth bundle will get you up to speed with the world's most important programming ...
Learn the Essentials of Web Development with This eBook Bundle  Interesting EngineeringThrough hands-on, real-world instruction, this course teaches you about everything from development essentials like JavaScript, Java, and C++ to interview ...
Is Agile Web Development All It's Cracked Up to Be?  EContentWhile AWD offers several advantages over waterfall and other methodologies, it has its limitations too. Whether you're preparing to take your first iterative plunge ...
5 Best Online Front-end Web Development Playgrounds  Technotification5 best online front-end web dev playgrounds to test code. As soon as the code is written, the test-ready output is delivered within seconds.

Where on Earth is Your Websitee?

You've just finished congratulating your marketing team. After six months... Read More

Be Creative Before You Purchase Or Create A Website

Before you jump into spending coutnless hours on designing and... Read More

Benefits Of An Accessible Website: Part 2 - The Business Case

The DDA (Disability Discrimination Act) states that service providers must... Read More

How Your Own Website Helps Your Small Business Grow

What do you mean, you don't have a website for... Read More

You Don?t Have to be Amazon.com to Achieve 12% Conversion Rates!

That's right. According to a recent study by Nielsen/NetRatings, Amazon.com... Read More

Content Management

More and more businesses are recognizing the importance of content... Read More

Eight Deadly Web Site Mistakes and How to Avoid Them

Creating and maintaining an effective presence on the Web has... Read More

Creating Compelling Content , Write It and They Will Come

In a previous ezinearticles.com article,"I Need real visitors, Not Search... Read More

A Website Is Not Enough

Your ObjectiveYour small business needs an appealing and professional website... Read More

Tips to Protect Your Downloads or Products

1. Upload robots.txt file in to your root directory and... Read More

Is Your Web Site Talking to Your Customer?

A while ago one of my clients approached me and... Read More

Establishing Your Web Presence

Part of the success of most home-based businesses is their... Read More

Allocating Your Web Site?s Budget Properly

I had a client say something to me the other... Read More

10 Simple Steps: Its Magic If You can E-Mail You can Update Your Web Page Dynamically

Dynamically Update Your Web Pages Via E-MailIf you can Send... Read More

Top 10 Webmaster Challenges

Webmasters deal with a myriad of complex design challenges every... Read More

What Hosting Companies Dont Tell You, Could Hurt You?

Did you know that hosting companies overcrowd their servers despite... Read More

Creating Websites that Cater to Exam Preparations

One of the things that Internet excels is disseminating information... Read More

The 2 Most Common Web Site Mistakes

When we review the sites of potential clients, there are... Read More

Better Web Site ROI: Efficient Online Business with SEO, PPC, Split Testing, and Forums

If you're looking for better web site ROI, chances are,... Read More

Build a Strong Foundation for Creating Your First Online Identity ? Notes for Beginners

If you are looking for creating your online presence you... Read More

Unlocking the Power of Your Website!

Why do some web sites reap huge benefits while others... Read More

7 Questions to Understand Your Customer Better

Customer service questionnaires can help your clients better understand their... Read More

7 Golden Rules For Building Mini Sites

First, an eye opener. Making your fortune through affiliate programs... Read More

Web Coach Tip: What You Should Know About DIY Web Sites

Recently, a friend asked "What's the deal with those DIY... Read More

Develop a Solid Website Presence

Starting an internet business can be confusing to non-veterans. The... Read More