Does Your Fight Scene Pack a Punch?

Long ago, movie directors mastered the technique of creating a convincing fight scene. Bodies crash to the floor.. chairs are upended... viewers are treated to closeups of terrified or furious faces... and the punches thrown are enough to make us wince and close our eyes. (No more of those prissy punches that fooled nobody in the early films - sneaky camera angles to hide the fact that the fist didn't really connect; loud thuds to suggest a knockout punch when anybody could see it wouldn't knock a gnat out of its flight path.)

Movie-goers are treated to multiple camera angles and sophisticated sound effects. We feel as though we're right in the middle of that fight.

Authors have it a lot harder. How can you throw the reader in the middle of the scene and feel every punch? How can you show the action without falling into the trap of sounding like a school kid enthusiastically detailing a fight, punch by punch; kick by kick?

There are just two things to keep in mind.

  • Remember you're a writer, not a choreographer.

  • Pack your fights with EMOTIONAL punch. That's it. So simple - yet so effective.

    What does a choreographer do? Plans a series of movements, step by step. He/she teaches the people performing the movements how to perform each one, and then how to put them together into a smooth routine.

    Too many fight scenes in books look like a choreographer's notebook. You'll see something like this:

    Briggs planted a right hook on Smith's chin. The other man reeled backwards, his arms windmilling. Briggs followed up his advantage, breathing hard. In quick succession he landed several more punches on Smith's body.

    Smith fell to the ground and rolled away. "Bastard!" he grunted, and rolled again to avoid a well-aimed kick from Briggs. Cat-like, he leapt to his feet and circled Briggs, not taking his eyes off his nemesis.

    "Come on!" Briggs taunted, darting in to land another punch then ducking back out of reach. "Is that the best you can do?" He feinted and laughed.

    Infuriated, Smith attacked. Briggs danced back and around Smith, and in two deft moves had him on the ground, one arm up behind his back.

    "Had enough?" he panted. There are so many things wrong with the above scene it's hard to know where to start. In brief:

    • We have no idea who the viewpoint character is. We seem to be looking on from a distance. That means there is very little emotional involvement from the reader. To really involve your reader, do everything you can to make sure he or she 'becomes' the viewpoint character. If he gets hurt, so does the reader. If he loses... so does the reader.

    • The writer is "telling" rather than showing. A did this then B did that so A did this in response and B followed up with this... boring! (Can you see the choreographer at work?)

    • The writer uses the characters' names a lot: "Smith" and "Briggs". This tends to add distance too. The problem is that both characters are men, so constant use of "he", while not so distancing, can be confusing. It's easier to avoid these problems if you are deeply in the viewpoint of one of the characters.

    • The excerpt is filled with tired old expressions such as "in quick succession he landed two more punches"; "a well-aimed kick"; "cat-like, he leapt to his feet"; "in two deft moves". Expressions like this save the writer from doing much work - they roll off the tongue so easily because they've been around for so long.
    How do you avoid these pitfalls and write a fight scene that works?

    You forget (for the most part) the physical punches and add emotional punch. Get deep into the viewpoint of one of the characters - preferably the main character; the one the reader really identifies with. This way, readers look out through the eyes of that character. They desperately want him to win; they feel every punch. Therefore, there's a lot more emotional investment in the outcome of the fight.

    Most writers seem to feel that fight scenes have to be filled with fast movement, grunts and moans and shouted epithets to telegraph the action. They feel that if you stop to tell the reader what's going on in the head of the main character, this slows things down too much.

    That certainly can be the case... but in the hands of a skilled writer, tension actually builds when the action is slowed down. You need to remember that time-on-the-page is not the same as real time. Since you can't actually show the reader what is going on in real time as you can in a movie, you have to compensate by spending some time in the mind of the main character. Show us the character's thoughts. Show us the character's emotions. Help us to "feel" our way into the fight.

    The easiest way to show how this works is to use an example from a published book. Here's a fight scene from ECHO BURNING by Lee Child (Bantam Press, 2001). The hero, Jack Reacher, tries to avoid the fight... and the tension builds beautifully until he is forced into a confrontation.

    The guy was wearing a white tank-top shirt and he was eating chicken wings. The wings were greasy and the guy was a slob. He was dripping chicken fat off his chin and off his fingers onto his shirt. There was a dark teardrop shape right between his pecs. It was growing and spreading into an impressive stain. But the best bar-room etiquette doesn't let you linger on such a sight, and the guy caught Reacher staring.

    "Who you looking at?" he said.

    It was said low and aggressively, but Reacher ignored it.

    "Who you looking at?" the guy said again.

    Reacher's experience was, they say it once, maybe nothing's going to happen. But they say it twice, then trouble's on the way. Fundamental problem is, they take a lack of response as evidence that you're worried. That they're winning. But then, they won't let you answer, anyway.

    "You looking at me?" the guy said.

    "No," Reacher answered.

    "Don't you be looking at me, boy," the guy said.

    The way he said boy made Reacher think he was maybe a foreman in a lumber mill or a cotton operation. Whatever muscle work was done around Lubbock. Some kind of a traditional trade passed down through the generations. Certainly the word cop never came to his mind. But then he was relatively new to Texas.

    "Don't you look at me," the guy said.

    Reacher turned his head and looked at him. Not really to antagonize the guy. Just to size him up. Life is endlessly capable of surprises, so he knew one day he would come face to face with his physical equal. With somebody who might worry him. But he looked and saw this wasn't the day. So he just smiled and looked away again.

    Then the guy jabbed him with his finger.

    "I told you not to look at me," he said, and jabbed.

    It was a meaty forefinger and it was covered in grease. It left a definite mark on Reacher's shirt.

    "Don't do that," Reacher said.

    The guy jabbed again.

    "Or what?" he said. "You want to make something out of it?"

    Reacher looked down. Now there were two marks. The buy jabbed again. Three jabs, three marks. Reacher clamped his teeth. What were three greasy marks on a shirt? He started a slow count to ten. Then the guy jabbed again, before he even reached eight.

    "You deaf?" Reacher said. "I told you not to do that."

    "You want to do something about it?"

    "No," Reacher said. "I really don't. I just want you to stop doing it, is all."

    The guy smiled. "Then you're a yellow-bellied piece of shit."

    "Whatever," Reacher said. "Just keep your hands off me."

    "Or what? What are you going to do?"

    Reacher restarted his count. Eight, nine.

    "You want to take this outside?" the guy asked.

    Ten.

    "Touch me again and you'll find out," Reacher said. "I warned you four times."

    The guy paused a second. Then, of course, he went for it again. Reacher caught the finger on the way in and snapped it at the first knuckle. Just folded it upward like he was turning a door handle. Then because he was irritated he leaned forward and headbutted the guy full in the face. It was a smooth move, well-delivered, but it was backed off to maybe half of what it might have been. No need to put the guy in a coma, over four grease marks on a shirt. He moved a pace to give the man room to fall, and backed into the woman on his right.

    "Excuse me, ma'am," he said.

    The woman nodded vaguely, disoriented by the noise, concentrating on her drink, unaware of what was happening. The big guy thumped silently on the floorboards and Reacher used the sole of his shoe to roll him half onto his front. Then he nudged him under the chin with his toe to pull his head back and straighten his airway. The recovery position, paramedics call it. Stops you choking while you're out.

    Then he paid for his drinks and walked back to his motel... Of course, this scene just shows a quietly escalating fight and it shows a hero who has the ability to take a fight to a quick conclusion. You're going to have to use a slightly different approach if you have several people involved and if you have a fast and furious fight with two more evenly matched aggressors. But the principle is the same.

    Don't let the reader watch the fight from a distance. Get them into the skin of the main character, privy to his thoughts and his emotions. Let readers feel the impact of fists and feet; let them experience the adrenaline (or irritation, depending on the level of provocation). Then your fight scenes will pack the kind of punch you want.

    (c) copyright Marg McAlister

    Marg McAlister has published magazine articles, short stories, books for children, ezines, promotional material, sales letters and web content. She has written 5 distance education courses on writing, and her online help for writers is popular all over the world. Sign up for her regular writers' tipsheet at http://www.writing4success.com/

    In The News:

    Mori wins 2 top sports-writing awards  Elko Daily Free Press
    What Is Political Writing For?  Columbia Journalism Review
    Opinion | Why I Write  The New York Times
    Loan write-offs pick up  The Daily Star

  • Dialogue Tags - A Study in Common Errors

    Verb and SubjectIncorrect:"I bet you two had a fine time,"... Read More

    Frequently Asked Questions from Writers

    1. What Is A Premise?A premise is the point you... Read More

    Writers Helping Writers - A Noble Legacy

    It is satisfying to be a part of such a... Read More

    The Myths Of Writing: Have You Bought Into These?

    There is an image most people carry of the artist... Read More

    The Best Freelance Job Boards for Writers

    How many times have you checked out a job board... Read More

    Writing the KAIZEN Way

    Over the past eight years or so, I have tutored... Read More

    Keys to Characterisation

    Far too many inexperienced writers create flat, stereotypical characters: the... Read More

    6 Ways to Leverage Technical Articles

    Technology vendors often contribute bylined articles to trade journals. The... Read More

    The Writing Game

    There are a lot of tapes and books and CD... Read More

    Vital Verbs

    Remember back in the dark days of your school years... Read More

    Get An Attitude About Your Writing

    (This excerpt is taken from my new writing workshop Writing... Read More

    The Blank Mind

    Many writers stare at the blank page or clean computer... Read More

    Writing Made Them Rich #4: Paulo Coelho

    Paulo Coelho was born on August 24th 1947 in Rio... Read More

    Arouse Your Short Story And See It Published

    Are you ready to abandon your short stories? Before you... Read More

    Rules for Getting the Story Down

    1. Write it fast, fix it later.2. Commit to writing... Read More

    7 Secrets For Beating Writers Block

    Most people can easily identify with the dreaded "writer's block".... Read More

    Italics Part 2 - Using Italics to Show Thoughts

    Way back in your early school years, you were probably... Read More

    Write Your Life

    Take out a white piece of paper and place it... Read More

    Go With The Flow: Write With Transition Words and Phrases

    One of the most common weaknesses I see in day-to-day... Read More

    And What Do You Do? ... How To Know When Youre a Writer!

    It's the funniest thing. When someone asks me what I... Read More

    The Write Habit: How to Strengthen Your Writing Muscle

    Writing is a muscle that needs exercise to stay in... Read More

    Suspense Novels Need Fast Starts

    Suspense novels, unlike any other genre, need fast starts. Fans... Read More

    I Am Biodegradable - My Writing Is Not

    My dad was wrong. I just discovered that I am... Read More

    Writers Turn to the Internet for Support, Friendship and Advice

    Riding on the fumes of potential, you take pen to... Read More

    How to Build A Success Freelance Career (Part 1)

    In the current job market, many editorial workers have turned... Read More